Lição 41

In today’s episode we will be discussing the threats facing animals in different countries.

이번 에피소드에서는 여러 나라의 동물들이 직면한 위험에 대해 논의해 보겠습니다.

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Extinction

In today’s episode we will be discussing the threats facing animals in different countries.
이번 에피소드에서는 여러 나라의 동물들이 직면한 위험에 대해 논의해 보겠습니다.

Quiz

Approximately what percentage of turtle doves (an English bird) have disappeared in the last twenty years?

a) 50%
b) 75%
c) 90%

Listen to find the answer!

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Mostre a transcrição Oculte a transcrição

Bolam
안녕하세요? English Together 에 오신 것을 환영합니다. 저희 프로그램에서는 최신 주제에 대해 얘기해보고 관련 표현을 알려드리고 있습니다. 저는 손보람입니다. 오늘은 Tom과 Sam 함께 할게요.

Tom
Hi everybody! I’m Tom.

Sam
Hello, I’m Sam! Today’s episode is going to begin a little differently. I’m going to play you a clip from a BBC Radio 4 documentary called Extinct!

Bolam
Extinct 멸종된 이라는 뜻이죠.

Sam
That’s right. Listen to the clip, which animal does the presenter Andrew Luck-Baker say is in danger of extinction, or of becoming extinct?

Andrew
We're on a river flowing through the countryside of Assam in North-East India. A fisherman casts his net from the bank into this tributary of the mighty Brahmaputra.

Colleague
Yes, there are dolphins. Just where these two currents are, there are dolphins.

Andrew
The Ganges river dolphin, foraging where two branches of the river meet. This used to be a common sight throughout the whole Brahmaputra and Ganges river systems, but its rarity these days is leading us to think that this species ultimate fate might be the same as its Chinese cousin, the Yangtze river dolphin, declared functionally extinct.

Bolam

Dolphin! 돌고래죠. 귀여운 돌고래  저도 굉장히 좋아하는데요.

Tom
So, which species of animal are under threat in your country?

Bolam
Species 종, 생물을 분류할 때 쓰는 말이죠. 그리고 Under threat 위험에 처했다라는 뜻입니다. 한국에서도  한국 호랑이, 여우, 저어새 같이 많은 동물이 멸종위기에 처해있다고 하네요.Sam

Well, let’s turn this into today’s question. In Britain, we have a beautiful bird called the turtle dove. What percentage of UK turtle doves have disappeared in the last 20 years?

a) 50%
b) 75%
c) 90%

Bolam
엄청나게 많은 숫잔데요! 이걸 다 누가 쇠는 거죠?

Sam
Well, in this survey, it’s the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. But just because they’re counting them, it doesn’t mean they’re accountable.

Bolam
맞아요! To be accountable 무언가를 책임지는 이라는 뜻이죠. 정말 수많은 야생동물이 있을텐데요. 아무도 소유하지 않으면 누가 이들을 돌볼 책임이 있는걸까요?

Tom
I suppose we all need to help with conservation, really.

Bolam
Conservation 보호, 보존이라는 뜻입니다.

Tom
Unfortunately, in my opinion, with population growth continuing at the current rate, it’s only going to get more difficult for animals!

Sam
That’s quite a pessimistic view, Tom.

Bolam
Pessimistic 비관적인 이라는 뜻이죠. 동물들이 제대로된 돌봄을 받지 못하는 경우가 많은것 같아요. 하지만 사람들이 점점 환경요소에 대해 인지해가고 있는 것 같긴해요.

Sam
Yes, the study by the RSPB said that farming was one of the main causes for environmental destruction. The fact that they’re reporting on this, and that we’re talking about it now, shows that people are thinking seriously about these things!

Bolam
맞아요. Surely that's a cause for optimism. 그게 다 낙관론의 이유가 되는거죠?

Tom
Well, I’m not convinced. Try telling that to the turtle dove.

Sam
Ah! Not many, unfortunately. Let’s give you the answer to today’s quiz. According to the survey, more than 90% of the British turtle dove population has disappeared since 1995.

Bolam
Oh no! That’s so sad 슬프네요.

Sam
Hopefully our awareness has been raised enough to limit the rate of extinction, though?

Tom

There’s that optimism again, Sam! I think it’s a disaster already, actually!

Sam
Fair enough, I don’t disagree with you on this occasion, actually.

Bolam
저도 사실 야생동물의 환경이 걱정되기는 해요. 여러분은 이런 야생동물 보호에 대해  어떻게 생각하세요?  저희 페이스북 페이지에 오셔서 의견 같이 나눠요. Thanks for joining us and see you next week for more English Together. Bye!

Meaning & Use

extinction

This word appears in several forms in the episode. Extinct is a word we use to describe a species (종) of animal which no longer exists. We often use the verb ‘become’ with extinct.
The process of becoming extinct is called extinction.

Polar bears are in danger of becoming extinct.

We use the passive voice to emphasise the person or thing that is affected by a change. It is often used in the context of extinction. We form the passive using (be) + past participle.

Rhinos are killed for their horns.
The dodo was hunted to extinction.

optimism/pessimism

When someone has a positive attitude to something, we can say that they are optimistic. The noun form is optimism.

When someone has a negative way of thinking about things, we can say that they are pessimistic. The noun form is pessimism.

The people are optimistic that the new government will be effective.
After the other team scored four goals, there was a sense of pessimism amongst the football fans.

Extinction

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.

올바른 답을 선택하세요.

Parabéns! Você completou o exercício.
Excellent! Excelente! Bad luck! Você acertou:
x / y

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Vocabulário desta lição

  • extinction
    멸종

    extinct
    멸종된

    dolphin

    돌고래

    species


    under
     threat
    위협을 받다

    (to be) accountable
    무언가를 책임지는

    conservation
    보존

    pessimistic
    비관적인

    optimistic

    낙천적인