Lição 15

Do you think people should take complete responsibility for their local area?
In today’s episode we will be discussing whether it was a good thing for a group of grandmothers to fix the road in their village.

ሰዎች ለሚኖሩባቸው አካባቢዎች ሙሉ ኃላፊነትን ሊወስዱ እንደሚገባቸው ያስባሉ?
በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን የሴት አያቶች ስብስብስ በመንደራቸው ያለውን መንገድ መጠገን መልካም ኃሳብ መሆን ያለመሆኑን እንወያይበታለን።

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Road-mending grandmothers

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • neighbourhood
  • community
  • safety

Quiz

In which continent do you think the world’s longest drivable road is?
Listen to the discussion about a group of grandmothers who fix the road in their village and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

Mostre a transcrição Oculte a transcrição

ምህረት
ሰላም፥ ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ምህረት እባላለሁ። አብሮኝ/አብራኝ አለ/አለች።

Phil
Hi, I’m Phil.

Sam
And I’m Sam. Welcome!

ምህረት
ዛሬ በመንደራቸው ውስጥ ነገሮችን ለማሻሻል ስለሚጥሩ የሴት አያቶች ስብስብ የሚያወሳ መሰናዶን በማዳመጥ ነው የምንጀምረው። የቢቢሲ ሞኒተሪንግ ክፍል ከሌላ ቦታ ያገኘውን ይህንን ታሪክ ያዳምጡ።

News insert
A group of Russian grandmothers grew so tired of waiting for the local authorities to fix their road, that they hired the necessary equipment and did the job themselves, Rossiya 24 reports. The local administration said after an inspection last month that no repairs were necessary. According to Ura.ru, the group - including a 90-year-old babushka - contributed 500 roubles each for building material and set to work with the help of two men.

ምህረት
እናስ ስለዚህ ምን አሰቡ? ሰዎች በማኅበረሰባቸው ምን ያህል ኩራት እንደሚሰማቸው ተረድተው አድናቆት ተሰማዎት ወይንስ ባለስልጣናት ምንም ዓይነት ድጋፍ ባለማድረጋቸው ድንጋጤ ገባዎት? ስለመንገዶች ማውራታችን ካልቀረ፥ የዛሬው ጥያቄ ይሄው. . . ዝግጁ ነዎት? በጣም ረጅሙ በመኪና የሚነዳበት መንገድ በየትኛዋ ሃገር ውስጥ የሚገኝ ይመስልዎታል?

Phil
Let’s get back to the story - there’s a problem in your neighbourhood, so you all get together and fix it - that’s showing great pride in your community.

ምህረት
‘Pride’ ኩራት ማለት ነው። በማኅበረሰባችን ኩራት ሊሰማን ይገባል በሚለው በሚገባ እስማማለሁ ሀ...

Phil
Yes, I’m inspired by this - I want to build the same pride in my community, and see if my neighbours want to help make our neighbourhood nicer.

Sam
Sorry, I’m bit surprised here - did we hear the same story? I can’t believe that you thought that was the most important bit!

Phil
You don’t think community pride is important?

Sam
Community pride is really important... but surely the most important thing about this story is that a group of elderly people have had to start working on the road.

Phil
I liked that…

Sam
To me, that’s shocking - how can the authorities not take responsibility for this?

ምህረት
There are two sides to this story, aren’t there? ሀ) ይህንን በማኅበረሰብ ላይ ያለ ኩራት መመልከት ድንቅ ነገር ነው፥ ነገር ግን ለ) ምክር ቤቱ ለጥገናው ‘take responsibility’ ኃላፊነት መውሰድ አለበት ለመን እንዳልክ ይገባኛል።

Sam
It’s not just about taking responsibility for getting the road fixed - they should take responsibility for the safety of these women working, I mean one of them was 90 years old!

Phil
Look, now I think you are starting to be a bit patronising....

Sam
What do you mean?

ምህረት
‘Patronising’ ማናናቅ፥ የንቀት አድናቆት መስጠት. Phil has got a point (ጥሩ ነጥብ አንስቷል/ ነጥብ አለው).

Phil
Of course I’ve got a point. Firstly - you don’t know the situation, maybe there were bigger problems the authorities had to fix first - why do you think you know better? I think that’s a bit patronising.

Sam
Yeah, but what about their safety?

Phil
Well, secondly, these grandmothers knew exactly what they were doing - I think they can decide if they want to take the initiative.

ምህረት
Sam, I think I agree with Phil here - we don’t know the whole situation - but I think it’s impressive how it shows people ‘taking initiative’ ያ ተነሳሽነቱን መውሰድ ነው።

Phil
And I think it’s really important that if people want to improve something about where they live, that they can take the initiative.

ምህረት
የዚህን ሳምንት ጥያቄ ምላሽ ለማቅረብ ‘initiative’ ልወስድ ነው። በዓለም ላይ የትኛው አህጉር በመኪና የሚናደበት ረጅሙ መንገድ እንዳለው ያውቃሉ? ጊነስ የዓለም የድንቃ ድንቆች መዝገብ እንደሚለው የአሜሪካ አህጉራት ናቸው፤ የፓምን አሜሪካ አውራ ጎዳና ከአላስካ፥ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ኦፍ አሜሪካ ተነስቶ እስከ አርጄንቲናዋ ኡሿያ ይዘረጋል። የገነቡት ሰዎች ስንት ዓመታቸው እንደነበረ ግን አላውቅም።

Sam
I bet they were younger than the people in the story.

Phil
Let’s forget about age, and let’s think about community pride – why don’t you come and visit mine?

Sam
From today’s story I think I’m too young to work on the road.... but I could do some gardening....

ምህረት
እሽ፥ የዚህ ሳምንት ዝግጅታችንን አጠናቅቀን ከመሰናበታችን በፊት ዛሬ ያወራንባቸውን ቃላት እንመልከት። ‘Pride’ ኩራት ማለት ነው፥ ‘take responsibility’ ኃላፊነትን መውሰድ ማለት ነው፥ ‘patronising’ አናንቆ መናገር ማለት ነው፥ ‘initiative’ ተነሳሽነት ማለት ነው።
አብረውን ስለቆዩ እናመሰግናለን፤ ለተጨማሪ የEnglish Together ዝግጅት በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

 

Meaning & Use

pride (noun)

Pride is 'a feeling of deep pleasure or satisfaction from your achievements, or the achievements of those close to you'. We can use it with the verbs 'have' or 'take', followed by the preposition 'in'. After 'in', like any preposition, we use a noun or a gerund (verb + -ing).
Our company has always taken pride in its excellent customer support.
She takes a lot of pride in her garden. It's important to her that it looks tidy and that all the plants and flowers are healthy.

The adjective is proud, which we use with the preposition 'of'.
My father is proud of all of his children, and he always tells us.

 

to take responsibility for (verb phrase)

If you take responsibility for something, you consider something 'to be your duty'. You consider yourself 'to be accountable or to blame for' something. The verb take is irregular, so remember that the past simple is took and the past participle is taken . After 'for', like any preposition, we use a noun or a gerund (verb + -ing).
It's important that everyone in the team takes responsibility for checking their own work carefully. We cannot accept any mistakes!

patronising (adjective)

Patronising is an adjective which comes from the verb to patronise, which means 'to treat someone with a feeling of superiority'.
My neighbour is very kind, but he always speaks to me like a child! He doesn't mean to be, but he's quite patronising.

initiative (noun)

Initiative is 'the ability to see an opportunity or a problem and to act independently to take that opportunity or fix that problem'. We often use it with the verbs 'use' or 'take'.
We want to hire someone who can use their initiative, imagination, and common sense.
Instead of complaining, why don't you take the initiative and try to think of some solutions?

 

Road-mending grandmothers

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ።

Parabéns! Você completou o exercício.
Excellent! Excelente! Bad luck! Você acertou:
x / y

Over to you!

What do you think about what the grandmothers did? Do you think it's good to take the 'initiative' to help your community? Or do you think it's the 'responsibility' of the local authority? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ የEnglish Together ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Vocabulário desta lição

  • pride
    ኩራት

    take responsibility
    ኃላፊነትን መውሰድ

    patronising
    ማናናቅ

    initiative
    ተነሳሽነት

    local authority
    የአካባቢ ባለስልጣን

    neighbourhood
    መንደር/ሰፈር

    community
    ማኅበረሰብ

    safety
    ደህንነት