Lição 37

Past continuous
과거진행형

In today’s episode we are going to hear how people tell stories about the past.
오늘은 과거에 대해 얘기할 때 사용하는 표현을 배워보도록 하겠습니다.

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Past continuous

Session Vocabulary를 살펴보고 아는 단어를 체크해보세요.

  • kayak
  • dophins
  • stadium
  • trophy

Now listen and answer these questions.

  • What did Sian do on holiday?
  • What special day does Sam talk about?
  • What did Kee find at the stadium in Brazil?

Listen to the audio and take the quiz. 오디오를 듣고 퀴즈를 풀어보세요

Mostre a transcrição Oculte a transcrição

Bolam
여러분 안녕하세요? English in Action에 오신 것을 환영합니다. 저는 손보람 입니다. 오늘은 과거에 있었던 일에서 대해 얘기하는 법을 배워보도록 하겠습니다. 오늘도 Phil과 함께 할게요. Hello Phil!

Phil
Hello everyone!

Bolam
오늘은 무슨 질문을 하셨나요?

Phil
I want to look at the language people use to tell stories about the past. So, I asked about the most amazing thing that has ever happened to them. I started by asking Sian – who had an amazing experience in a kayak with dolphins.

Bolam
그러니까 Sian이 돌고래들과 카약. 그러니까 가죽으로 만든 배를 탔다는 말이죠?

Sian
We were on holiday, and we went out to sea in some kayaks, as we were going away from the beach, some dolphins came towards us. It was amazing, I can still remember it.

Phil
Wow! What language should we look at here?

Bolam
과거에 어떤 시점에 진행중인 일에 대해 얘기할 때 과거진행형을 사용합니다. Was나 were 뒤에 ing형의 동사를 붙여서 만들죠. 예를 들어 Sian은'was going away from the beach' 바다로부터 멀어지고 있었다..라고 과거진행형으로 말했고 'some dolphins came towards us' 몇몇 돌고래가 우리쪽으로 왔다..라고 과거형으로 말했네요.

Phil
I spoke to Sam next – she told me about a birthday.

Sam
I was doing my school homework, I wasn't expecting anything, when suddenly my friend arrived to take me off to a surprise birthday party. When we got there all my friends were waiting. It was amazing!

Phil
What a surprise! What language should we look at there?

Bolam
Sam도 과거 진행형을 사용했는데요. 생일파티를 했다..라는 주요 사건을 설명하기 위해 여러 가지 배경 상황을 과거진행형으로 말했습니다. ' I was doing my school homework'나는 숙제를 하고 있었다. 'My friends were waiting'. 내 친구들이 기다리고 있었다. 부정문도 사용했는데요. 'I wasn't expecting anything.’나는 어떤 것도 예상하고 있지 않았다. 라고 말했죠?

Phil
Thanks! Next Kee told me about his experience in a Brazilian trophy room.

Bolam
'trophy room' 트로피룸이라고요? 우승 상패 같은 것을 보관하는 장소 아닌가요? 거기서 뭐하고 있었대요?

Kee
The most amazing thing that happened to me was when we found the trophy room at Santos' football stadium in Brazil.

Phil
What were you doing there?

Kee
We were just looking round the stadium, when we found a lift, got in it and it took us to the trophy room. I was laughing as my cousin lifted the trophies and pretended that he had won them.

Phil
Wow, that sounds pretty amazing. OK, what should we look at there?

Bolam
의문문을 살펴볼까요? 주어와 비동사의 자리가 바뀌는 것 기억하시죠? 그러니까 'What were you doing there?' 거기서 뭐하고 있었어요? 이렇게 말했죠? 기환쌤이 한 말 중에 과거 현재가 몇 개 더 있었어요. 'We were just looking round the stadium' 경기장을 그냥 둘러보고 있었다. ‘I was laughing'. 나는 웃고있었다.

Phil
Thanks, now let’s see how much you can remember with this test! I want to talk about my most amazing experience. The main thing was that I went up in the sky in a tiny aeroplane. The other things to say about the day are that I felt excited and it rained on that day. How can I say this using the past simple and past continuous?

Bolam
여러분은 어떻게 생각하세요? 주요 사건은 작은 비행기를 타고 하늘로 올라갔다는 건데요. Phil이 흥분되었다는 것과 그 날 비가 왔다는 것도 함께 말하려고 합니다.  과거단순시제와 과거현재형을 사용해서 한번 말해볼까요?

Phil
Ready?

Bolam
준비되셨죠?

Phil
I went up in the sky in a tiny aeroplane. It was raining, but I was feeling excited.

Kee
여러분 맞추셨나요? Phil이 'it was raining' ‘I was feeling excited'. 이렇게 말했네요. 여러분도 이렇게 말하셨죠?

Phil
I was wondering when we would run out of time – and now we have, so we'll stop here.

Kee
오늘은 과거에 있었던 일을 설명하기 위해 과거진행형을 사용하는 법을 배워보았습니다. 다음시간에도 'English in Action'에서 만나요. 바이~

Phil
Bye! 

Learning More

과거에 어떤 시점에 진행중인 일에 대해 얘기할 때 과거진행형을 사용합니다. 어떤 이야기의 자세한 배경을 설명해주기 위해 주로 사용됩니다. (주요 사건은 보통 과거형 사용)

was/were 뒤에 ing를 붙여서 만듭니다.

  • As we were going away from the beach, some dolphins came towards us.
  • When we got there, all my friends were waiting.

부정문은 was 또는 were 뒤에 not을 붙여서 만들고 주로'wasn't' / 'weren't' 이렇게 줄여서 씁니다.

  • I wasn't expecting anything, when suddenly my friend arrived.

의문문은was 또는 were와 주어의 자리를 바꿔 만듭니다.

  • What were you doing there?

Past continuous

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.

올바른 답을 선택하세요.

Parabéns! Você completou o exercício.
Excellent! Excelente! Bad luck! Você acertou:
x / y

Join us for our next episode of English in Action when we will learn more ways to use English.

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Vocabulário desta lição

  • kayak
    카약

    dolphin
    돌고래

    homework
    숙제

    stadium
    경기장

    trophy
    트로피