Lição 19

Listen to find out how to use an everyday English expression.
በዕለት ተዕለት ንግግር ውስጥ ግልጋሎት የሚሰጡ የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለፆችን እንዴት መጠቀም እንደሚችሉ ይህንን ያዳምጡ።

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In black and white

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • pay rise
  • leaflet
  • ink
  • paper

Listen to Rob and Feifei explaining the expression 'in black and white'. As you listen, answer these questions:

1. What does Rob think will happen?

2. Why does he think so?

Listen to find out the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

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ጤና ይስጥልን፤ እንኳን አዳዲስ የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለፆችን እንዲማሩ ወደምናግዝበት English Expressions በደህና መጡ። ዛሬ 'In black and white' 'የተረጋገጠ፥ ግልፅ፥ ጥርጥር የሌለበት' የተሰኘውን “የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለጽ መጠቀምን እንማራለን። ምን ማለት ይመስልዎታል?. . .  እርግጠኛ አይደሉም? እሽ፥ መስማትዎን ይቀጥሉ። ሮብ እና ፌይፌይን ያዳምጡ። ሮብ ለፌይፌይ የሚያሰማት ዜና ምንድን ነው? ፌይፌይስ አምናዋለች? ሮብ ትክክል ነኝ ብሎ ያሰበው ለምንድን ነው?

Rob
So Feifei have you heard the news?

Feifei
The news? What news?

Rob

We're all going to get a big pay rise!

Feifei             
A pay rise? But Rob are you sure? I haven't heard anyone else talk about it. 

ሮብ ለምንድን ነው በጣም የተደሰተው? አዎ፥ እርሱ እና ፌይፌይ የደምወዝ ጭማሪ ሊያገኙ እንደሆነ ስላሰበ ነው። ማዳመጥዎን ይቀጥሉና ትክክል መሆን ያለመሆኑን ያጣሩ።

Rob
Yes, yes, I'm sure. Look at this leaflet here… it says it there in black and white.

Feifei
In black and white? But it's in colour – look, it says 'ten per cent' in red letters.

Rob
I don't mean it's printed in black and white – if someone says it's 'in black and white', they mean it's official – it's been printed or written down – so there is no dispute!

Feifei
So you're saying it's not gossip – it's true?

Rob
Yes, yes – I have proof of the pay rise on this piece of paper here.

Feifei
OK, well let me read it.

ሮብ የደምወዝ ጭማሪው in black and white' ሆኖ ይታያል ይላል። 'black' ጥቁር ማለት ሲሆን፥ in 'white' ደግሞ ነጭ ነው። አንድ መረጃ in black and white' ነው የምንለው ብዙ ጊዜ ነገሮች በህትመት ሲቀመጡ በጥቁር black ቀለም እና በነጭ ወረቀት white ላይ ስለሆነ ነው። ይህንም አገላለፅ የምንጠቀመው አንድ ነገር ይፋዊ ወይንም የተረጋገጠ እንዲሁም የተፃፈ እና የታተመ ሲሆን ነው። ብዙ ጊዜ ለውሎች፥ ለድርድር ጥያቄዎች እና ለስምምነቶች ነው ግልጋሎት ላይ የሚውለው፤ አንድ ነገር 'in black and white' ከሆነ ምንም ዓይነት ጥርጥር አሊያም ውዥንብር የለም ማለት ነው።

እስኪ የዚህን ሐረግ አጠቃቀም የሚያሳዩ ተጨማሪ ምሳሌዎችን እናዳምጥ።

Examples
We didn't believe the bank's offer of a loan until we saw it in black and white. Now we can buy the car we wanted.

I'm not going to start celebrating until I've seen the business deal in black and white and everyone has signed it.

I have it here in black and white – I've got the job! They've confirmed the offer with an email.

I'm so happy that we finally sold our house, but I'm not going to believe it until I see it in black and white.

በመጀመሪያው ምሳሌ- የስራ ቅጥር ጥያቄው in black and white' ነበር- የተረጋገጠ ነበር። በሁለተኛው ምሳሌ ላይ ያለችው ተናጋሪ ስምምነቱ in black and white' እስኪሆን ድረስ መፈንጠዝ አልፈለገችም፤ ምክንያቱም ላይከናወንም ይችላልና። በመጨረሻው ምሳሌ ላይ ያለው ተናጋሪም in black and white' ሆኖ እስኪቀርብላቸው ድረስ ብድር እንደሚሰጣቸው አላመነም።

Feifei
So, when something is in black and white, it is clearly written down so it is believed to be true. But why in 'black and white' and not in 'red and blue' for example?

Rob
Well, it comes from the early days of printing when news and information was printed in black ink on white paper. Once something was printed, it was official.Feifei

OK – but hold on Rob – I've read this leaflet and it doesn't say we're getting a 10% pay rise – it just says we deserve a 10% pay rise – so no pay rise for us Rob.

Rob
What? Are you sure?

Feifei
Yes – look, it says it there – at the top – in black and white!

Rob
Oh I didn't see that.

Feifei
It just shows you – even if something is in black and white – you need to be able to read it first!

ስለዚህም አንድ ጠቃሚ መረጃ in black and white' አለ፤ ነገር ግን ሮብ በአግባቡ አላነበበውም ነበር! እርስዎስ? አንድን መረጃ in black and white' አስፈላጊ ነው ብለው የሚያስቡት መቼ ነው? ለምንድን ነው አስፈላጊ የሚሆነው? አንድ ነገር ይፋዊ እንዲሆን በin black and white እንዲሰፈር ጠይቀው ያውቃሉ? ለተጨማሪ “English Expressions” በሚቀጥለው ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Answers

1) Rob thinks that everyone will get a pay rise.

2) He has found a leaflet where it say this.

How do I use it?

'In black and white' is used to refer to something that is in writing. We often use it when it is important to have something confirmed.  We usually use it with the verb 'be'.

I couldn't believe that I had won the prize, but it was there in black and white

Don't believe anything they tell you unless you see it in black and white.

It's in black and white, I'm the new manager!

In black and white

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ።

Parabéns! Você completou o exercício.
Excellent! Excelente! Bad luck! Você acertou:
x / y

Over to you!

Have you ever needed something in 'black and white'? What did you need? Why was it important to have it in 'black and white'? Come and tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Expressions, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለፆች ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Vocabulário desta lição

  • News
    ዜና

    Pay rise
    የደምወዝ ጭማሪ

    Leaflet
    በራሪ ወረቀት

    Printed
    የታተመ

    Ink
    ቀለም

    Paper
    ወረቀት