جلسه 4

We normally think of a conditional sentence as having two parts. Sometimes though, English speakers will only say the conditional clause, the 'if' part. Tim explores this topic in this video.

جلسه های این واحد

Session 4 score

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    تمرین 1

تمرین 1

Stop Saying!

Not finishing conditional sentences

If you do something, something will happen. That's an example of a typical conditional sentence. It has two parts. An 'if clause' and a main clause. In spoken English, in particular circumstances, it's possible to leave out the main clause. Tim looks at how and when this happens in this video.

ویدیو را تماشا کنید و تمرین را کامل کنید

Summary

The main clause of a conditional sentence can be left out when its meaning is clearly understood. This can often be the case with:

  • polite requests
    If you could just help me with this.
    If you wouldn't mind passing me the stapler.
    If you could get here by four.

  • angry threats
    If you do that one more time!
    If you don't tidy your room up!
    If you're late again!


  • regrets and recriminations
    If only I hadn't sold the car.
    If you hadn't left it so late to book the flight.
    If only she'd been more careful with her wallet.

 

To do

Can you tell the difference between a polite request and an angry comment? Try the quiz to find out.

 

Angry or polite?

5 Questions

For each unfinished sentence decide whether it is an angry comment or a polite request and drag it to the correct box.

تبریک می گوییم
Excellent! آفرین! نمره شما Bad luck! :
x / y

Angry or polite?

5 Questions

For each unfinished sentence decide whether it is an angry comment or a polite request and drag it to the correct box.

تبریک می گوییم
Excellent! آفرین! نمره شما Bad luck! :
x / y

End of session

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Many thanks to the staff and students of Bell London for their help with this feature.

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دستور زبان این جلسه

  • The main clause of a conditional sentence can be left out when its meaning is clearly understood. This can often be the case with:

    polite requests
    If you could just help me with this.
    If you wouldn't mind passing me the stapler.
    If you could get here by four.

    angry threats
    If you do that one more time!
    If you don't tidy your room up!
    If you're late again!

    regrets and recriminations
    If only I hadn't sold the car.
    If you hadn't left it so late to book the flight.
    If only she'd been more careful with her wallet.

واژه های تازه این جلسه