Vocabulary Reference

Session 2 - News Review

restored
made to function again

cut off
unable to access something

canal
artificial river made to transport water or boats

vulnerable
if something is vulnerable, it's easy to damage or attack

grapple
to fight (a challenge or problem)

unrest
angry or violent behaviour by groups of people during protests or disagreements

Session 3 - Lingohack

have come out
have stated publicly, have declared

recalling
(here) asking consumers to return a faulty product in exchange for a refund

caesarean
operation in which a baby is born by cutting open the mother's womb

Session 5 - The White Elephant

a shock to the system 
an unexpected surprise

what on earth! 
(said to show complete surprise or anger)

the shock of my life 
a very big shock

jump out of my skin 
very surprised or shocked

out of the blue
completely unexpected

stunned 
very shocked or surprised