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Test your grammar knowledge

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  1. 1 The Grammar Gameshow

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Welcome to the Grammar Gameshow! Test your knowledge in this crazy quiz! The presenter is a bit strange, the points don't make sense and the prizes could use some improvement, but at least the grammar is correct!

 

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Episode 7: Verb patterns

Wow! Mya is on fire! That’s four wins in a row? Can she continue? In this episode, she will have to answer questions on verb patterns! That’s the grammar we use when two verbs are used together – which forms do they take? Do you know? Can you beat the quizmaster? Do you want Mya to win? All this and more in this episode of the Grammar Gameshow!

Watch the video and then test yourself below with our quiz

نشان دادن متن پنهان کردن متن

Will
Hello and welcome to today’s Grammar Gameshow! I’m your host, Will! – at least, if I’m able to! And of course, let’s not forget Leslie, our all-knowing voice in the sky.

Leslie
Hello everyone!

Will
Tonight we’re going to be asking 3 questions about…

Leslie
Verb patterns – when two verbs are used together in English, which forms do they take?

Will
OK! Now, let’s meet our contestants!

Mya
Hello, everyone. I’m Mya!

Will
Contestant number two.

Helen

Hello, everyone. My name’s Helen!

Will
Welcome back Mya! Four in a row. Wow, we’ve never had a contestant on for so long…we’re all starting to get a little bit sick of your face! Ok. Let’s get going and don’t forget you can play along at home too. Our first round is a matching round. Listen to each of these sentences and tell me what form the verb ‘dance’ takes in each one. I can…

Helen
dance

Leslie
Correct!

Will
I enjoy…

Mya
dancing

Leslie
Correct!

Will
I would like…

Helen
to dance

Leslie
Correct!

Will
I intend…

Mya
to dance

Leslie
Correct!

Will
I must…

Helen
dance

Leslie
Correct!

Will
I can’t help…

Mya
dancing

Leslie
Correct!

Will
Leslie?

Leslie
All correct, well done. Some verbs, such as modal verbs like can and must, are followed by a bare infinitive. Some verbs, such as would like and intend, are followed by a full infinitive. Finally, some verbs, such as enjoy and can’t help, are followed by an ING form. These are called verb patterns.

Will
A pattern is something that repeats itself over and over again. Like calling my ex- at 4am … Well done! But, if you want any points, you’ll have to fulfil your promise.

Mya, Helen
Promise?

Will
Why to dance, of course! Alright, not bad. Mya, I liked your finger thing there, and Helen – oh, good moves! Have two points each. Now, on to our second question. Happy, terrible and wonderful are all what types of word? How does this relate to verb patterns?

Helen
They're all adjectives. Aren’t adjectives always followed by an ING verb?

Will
Leslie?

Leslie
Sorry…almost. They are indeed adjectives. When an adjective is followed by a verb, its form is usually a full infinitive – for example, it’s wonderful to see you!

Will
Wonderful to see you too Leslie! Wherever you are! Sorry Helen, I’m going to have to take away 10 points.

Helen
Oh wait…look.

Will
Yes!.You know,  I used to have a pet octopus. Thirty points to you! No one likes an attention seeker Mya. Here comes our third question! Look at these sentences and tell me what kind of verb pattern follows each one. I believe without… Turn off the alarm before… I want to sit instead of …

Mya
They all end with a preposition. After the preposition we use an ING verb.

Will
Leslie?

Leslie
Yes, Mya. As Mya just mentioned, we usually follow prepositions with ING verbs and not full or bare infinitives. I believe without seeing. Turn off the alarm before leaving. I want to sit instead of standing.

Will
Well done Mya. I’d give you some points, but I don’t want you to win! And that brings us to the end of today’s Grammar Gameshow. Let’s count out the points. And the winner is…. Helen with more than Mya! Well done! Here’s what you’ve won!

Leslie
It’s a tin opener! Look at that handle action!

Will
Wow! An opener for a tin can be useful in oh so many situations! And Mya, my oldest friend. I wanted you to keep winning for ever and ever. But alas. Are you happy?

Mya
I don’t want to …

Will
Watch out for the squirrels! It looks like we’ll need another contestant. Thanks for joining us. Say goodbye, Leslie!

Leslie
Goodbye Leslie!

Will
See you next time.

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Verb Patterns 

In English, when two verbs are used together, the first verb dictates which form the second verb should take regardless of the tense of the first verb or the subject of the sentence.

Some verbs can have more than one corresponding verb pattern and this can change the meaning of the second verb. There are three basic forms:

1) a bare infinitive: play
2) A full infinitive: to play
3) an ING form: playing

Bare infinitive
Some verbs, such as modal verbs like can and must, are followed by a bare infinitive verb form.
I can swim faster than you.
He must come home as soon as possible.

Full infinitive
Some verbs, such as verbs like intend and would like, are followed by a full infinitive verb form.
I wouldn't like to live there.
She intends to study at university.

ING form
Some verbs, such as verbs like enjoy and can't help, are followed by a bare infinitive verb form.
I've always enjoyed walking in the rain.
He couldn't help playing one more game before he left.

After adjectives
We tend to use a full infinitive after adjectives such as wonderful, happy and terrible.
It's wonderful to see you.
It was terrible to see him fail like that.
I'm so happy to be here!

After prepositions
We tend to use an ING form after prepositions such as without, before and of.
He walked without knowing where he was going.
I've got to clean the house before cooking lunch.
I want to go with you instead of going with her.

To do

Try our quiz to see how well you've learned today's language. 

The Grammar Gameshow Quiz

3 Questions

Test your grammar knowledge with the Grammar Gameshow quiz!

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Downloads

You can download the audio and PDF document for this episode here. 

More

That's all from Leslie and the contestants for this episode. Why not go to The Grammar Gameshow homepage to watch another one?