جلسه 1

'Like' for preference and description

Do you like cats? What are cats like? In this session, we explore different ways of using the word like, with the help of some cute cats.

جلسه های این واحد

Session 1 score

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6 Minute Vocabulary: Prefixes

Prefixes: un-, in- and dis-

Here is this week's 6 Minute Vocabulary, all about prefixes. We can put prefixes at the beginning of some words to change their meaning. They are usually only a few letters long like these:

un- (unhappy)       in- (inexpensive)       dis- (disagree)

In the show, we hear a man called Dave talking about a meal he ate at a restaurant. But did he enjoy his food? And which prefixes does he use to talk about the experience?

به صدا گوش دیهد

نشان دادن متن پنهان کردن متن

Finn
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary - if you're serious about vocabulary, we'll show you how to learn it. I'm Finn...

Alice
And I'm Alice. In today's show we're going to look at a very interesting area of vocabulary - prefixes.

Finn
We'll look at what they are, what they mean and how to use them.

Alice
There'll be a quiz...

Finn
And we'll leave you with a top tip for learning vocabulary.

Alice
But before all that, we're going to hear from Dave. He's just got back from lunch, but he isn't happy.

Finn
Now, a question to think about while you listen: what was the problem with Dave's food?

Alice
What was the problem with Dave's food? Let's find out.

Example
I just tried the new seafood restaurant, and I wish I hadn't. It was intolerable! To start with, my seat was really uncomfortable. I had no room to move. And the menu was very misleading. The photos looked nothing like the actual food. When my food came it was uncooked. I told the waiter, but he disagreed. He said it was fine. He said he'd eat it himself! And I looked in the kitchen – it was really unhygienic. There was food all over the floor. It was a disgrace!

Finn
So Dave's pretty unhappy. And what was wrong with his food?

Alice
Well, he said that it was uncooked. It was cold and raw because it hadn't been cooked.

Finn
Not very nice! Well done if you got that right at home. Now, uncooked is an example of the vocabulary area we're looking at today - prefixes.

Alice
Yes: prefixes - or as some people say: prefixes. Prefixes, prefixes. A prefix is a small part of a word, usually just a couple of letters, that we put at the front of a base word to change its meaning. For example, the prefix un, spelt u-n, is added to happy, to make unhappy, which means not happy.

Finn
And Dave was unhappy about the restaurant.

Alice
Yes. He said the seats were uncomfortable - meaning not comfortable, and the kitchen was unhygienic, meaning unclean - not clean.

Finn
So that's un, meaning 'not' - and all today's prefixes have the meaning of not. So, Dave said the meal was intolerable. Intolerable. In - spelt i-n - is another prefix that can mean not – and poor Dave couldn't tolerate the meal. Now, let's listen to a bit more of Dave.

Example
...I told the waiter, but he disagreed. He said it was fine.

Finn
The waiter disagreed with him about the food. The prefix dis, spelt d-i-s, means not, or 'to do the opposite', like disagree - to not agree.

Alice
Yes, and Dave said it was a disgrace - they should be ashamed of it.

Finn
Let's hear today's prefixes again.

Alice
The first one was: un.

Finn
Unhappy, uncooked, unhygienic, unclean.

Alice
In.

Finn
Intolerable, inexpensive.

Alice
Dis.

Finn
Disagree, disgrace.

IDENT
You're listening to bbclearningenglish.com

Finn
And it's time for a quiz. Try to work out the word that finishes the sentence. Ready? Number 1. The advert said that the phone was £5 a month, but it didn't say anything about the £50 set-up fee. It was very... a) unhappy b) inexpensive c) misleading.

Alice
The advert made people believe something that isn't true, so it was very... c) misleading.

Finn
Now number 2. This letter has come to the wrong house. There's been a... a) mistake b) disgrace c) disagreement.

Alice
It's not correct so... a) mistake.

Finn
Well done if you got those right.

Alice
And that brings us almost to the end of today's programme.

Finn
Before we go, here's today's top tip for learning vocabulary: if you look up some of today's words in a dictionary, you'll find lots more words starting with the same prefixes. Many of them may be words that you already knew without the prefix. So, when you add a prefix, you get two words for the price of one!

Alice
That's brilliant. Sounds like a good way to quickly double your vocabulary. There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

Both
Bye!

Download

You can download 6 Minute Vocabulary from our Unit 3 downloads page or from our 6 Minute Vocabulary podcast page. (size 9MB)

 

Vocabulary

Here are the prefixes and examples used in the programme:

un-

unhappy
not happy

The football fans were very unhappy when their team lost.

uncooked
not cooked

You can't eat these uncooked apples. They are very sour.

unclean
not clean

That water is unclean. You shouldn't drink it.

in-

intolerable
cannot be tolerated or accepted

This heat is intolerable. It's making me feel ill.

inexpensive
not expensive; cheap

The shop sells inexpensive second-hand computers.

inactive
not active 

He's put on weight because he is so inactive. He should join a gym!

dis-

disagree
to not agree 

I disagree with my sister about everything.

disgrace
something to be ashamed of 

Your table manners are a disgrace.

disgusting
so horrible that you feel sick 

There's a disgusting smell in the bathroom - open a window, quickly!

End of Session 1

That's the end of today's session. We hope you enjoyed it. Join us tomorrow for more about the word like in Session 2!

واژه های تازه این جلسه

  • Prefixes

    un-

    unhappy
    not happy

    The football fans were very unhappy when their team lost.

    uncooked
    not cooked

    You can't eat these uncooked apples. They are very sour.

    unclean
    not clean

    That water is unclean. You shouldn't drink it.

    in-

    intolerable
    cannot be tolerated or accepted

    This heat is intolerable. It's making me feel ill.

    inexpensive
    not expensive; cheap

    The shop sells inexpensive second-hand computers.

    inactive
    not active 

    He's put on weight because he is so inactive. He should join a gym!

    dis-

    disagree
    to not agree 

    I disagree with my sister about everything.

    disgrace
    something to be ashamed of 

    Your table manners are a disgrace.

    disgusting
    so horrible that you feel sick 

    There's a disgusting smell in the bathroom - open a window, quickly!