جلسه 3

The world's weather is changing. What could this mean for us in the future? We discuss climate change with the help of a BBC weather reporter - and practise the grammar and vocabulary we have learnt so far.

جلسه های این واحد

Session 3 score

0 / 17

  • 0 / 6
    تمرین 1
  • 0 / 5
    تمرین 2
  • 0 / 6
    تمرین 3

تمرین 1

Looking to the future - a weather warning

Climate change in 60 seconds

You are going to watch a short video about climate change that was made ahead of the 2014 UN Climate Change Conference.

Before watching, look at these three statements. Which one (or ones) do you think is true?

1. The world’s weather is getting worse. This is a dangerous situation but there is nothing we can do about it.

2. The world’s weather is changing and we shoud accept this as a natural part of the world’s weather cycle.

3. The world’s weather is getting worse and we must act now to protect the planet and ourselves.

While you are watching the video, think about the statements carefully. Which one best matches the message of the video?

Watch the video and do the activity

What did you think about that? The statement that best matches the video is number 3: The world’s weather is getting worse and we must act now to protect the planet and ourselves.

Talking about cause and effect relationships

The video talked about some of the possible effects of climate change. We often use may, might and could to describe cause and effect relationships.

For example, we can join a cause - rising temperatures, to an effect - flooding, with may, might or could + verb, like this:

Rising temperatures may cause flooding

The word may shows that the effect (flooding) is a possible result. If the result is definitely going to happpen, use will:

Rising temperatures will cause flooding

To do

Let's practise. Try this activity.

Cause and effect

6 Questions

Match the beginning of the sentences with the correct endings.

تبریک می گوییم
Excellent! آفرین! نمره شما Bad luck! :
x / y

Cause and effect

6 Questions

Match the beginning of the sentences with the correct endings.

تبریک می گوییم
Excellent! آفرین! نمره شما Bad luck! :
x / y

Next

That was a useful introduction to climate change. Now let's take a closer look at some of the problems we might face in the future.

دستور زبان این جلسه

  • We use might / may / could + verb: for present & future possiblitites; for guesses about the present; when we aren’t sure if something will happen in the future. 

    • I might go to the exhibition this afternoon. (future)
    • He’s Eastern Europe. He may be in Ukraine. (present)
    • We could have some problems next year. (future)

    We use might not / mightn’t and may not to talk about negative possibility. We cannot use could not / couldn’t for possibility in the same way as might not and may not

    • We might not move into the new offices next year.
    • Our client may not agree with us.

واژه های تازه این جلسه

  • ahead of
    before

    flooding
    a situation where lots of water is in a place that should not have water, causing problems and damage

    heatwaves
    periods of days or weeks when the temperature is very high and is dangerous for people

    polar ice caps
    the large areas of ice that cover the land and sea around the North and South Poles

    melt
    to change from solid to liquid when the temperature rises

    coastal
    on land which is next to the sea

    crops
    plants grown by farmers

    emissions
    (here) gasses which are released into the atmosphere by factories, cars, and other machines.