جلسه 8

Is one career enough? In today’s episode we will be discussing how the world of work is changing.

አንድ የሥራ መስመር በቂ ነው? በዚህ ዝግጅት የሥራ ዓለም እንዴት እየተቀየረ እንዳለ እናያለን።

Session 8 score

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    تمرین 1

تمرین 1

Is one career enough?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these expressions mean:

  • switch careers
  • to hold down a job
  • full time
  • part time

Quiz

How many career changes do you think the average person will make during their working life?

Is it:

a) 2-5
b) 5-7
c) 7-10

Listen to the discussion about changing careers and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

نشان دادن متن پنهان کردن متن

Presenter
ሃይ፥ ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። XXXXXX እባላለሁ። አብሮኝ/አብራኝ …… አለ/አለች።

Sam
Hello, I’m Sam.

Tom
And I’m Tom.  Welcome to today’s program!

Presenter
ዛሬ የሥራ ዓለም ምን ያህል እየተቀየረ እንደሆነ እና ከዚህም የተነሳ በአንድ የሕይወት ዘመን ውስጥ ምን ያህል “careers” የሥራ ዓይነቶች እንደሚኖረን እናያለን።

ስለዚህ መልሱ የትኛው ይመስላችኋል? አንድ ሰው በሥራ ዘመኑ በአማካይ ምን ያህል የሥራ ለውጥ የሚያደርግ ይመስላችኋል?

ሀ) 2 – 5

ለ) 5 - 7

ሐ) 7 – 10

ስንት እንደሆነ ለማወቅ ጥናቶችን አገላብጠናል። መልሱን ቆየት ብለን እንሰጣችኋለን።

Sam
Mmm, I don’t know! What do you think, Tom?

Tom
Mmm, I’m not the right person to ask, really. I don’t like change.

Presenter
ያው እንግዲህ መልመድ ሊኖርብህ ነው ቶም። የሥራ ሕይወታችን “working lives” ምን ያህል እንደተቀየረ እንደሆነ በጥቂቱም ቢሆን የሚነግረንን ይህንን  የ BBC Radio 4 ዘገባ ያዳምጡ።

News Insert
What do you want to be when you grow up?  It’s a question that we all get asked as little kids.  When we’re five years old, it’s a fun game, but as we get older we start to believe that we need to narrow our focus and devote our lives to one thing.  But that is becoming less and less true.  In such a rapidly changing economy, it makes sense to assume that more and more of us will be changing careers or holding down several careers at the same time.  So is one career enough anymore?

Tom
Wait a minute. “Holding down several careers at the same time”?  What exactly are they saying?

Presenter
Well, “holding down” a career or a job means ስራ ይዞ በመቆየት ስኬታማ መሆን. They’re saying that you would have “several” በርካታ careers, or more than one job, at the same time.

Tom
So, I’d hold down this job, and then one or two others, as well?  When would I sleep?

Sam
I don’t think it means you’ll be working full time on all of these jobs, Tom! 

Presenter
Yeah, you would probably have two or three part time jobs. 

Sam
The report also says we might have one job at a time, but switch careers after a few years.

Presenter
“Switch” በሌላ ቃል “change” ማለት ነው።

Sam
Exactly, so you could switch from this job, to being a lawyer, for example.  Actually, you’d make a great lawyer, Tom!  You could argue for a living!

Tom
Maybe, I should.  So, what’s wrong with having a job for life?  My uncle was a farmer all his life, and my mother was a nurse for all her life.  They devoted themselves to one thing and they did it very well.

Presenter
“To devote ourselves” ራሳችንን መስጠት ማለት ነው። And I’ve devoted myself to making you laugh, Tom.  One day!

Sam
Maybe you can still devote yourself to one area of work, like medicine, for instance, but have more than one career in that area. 

Presenter
ትክክል! ስለዚህ ቀደም ሲል ጠይቀንዎት የነበረውን ጥያቄ እንመልከት። አንድ ሰው በአማካይ በሥራ ዘመኑ ምን ያህል ጊዜ ሥራውን የሚቀያይር ይመስልዎታል? የሥራ ለውጥ ስታትስቲክስ እንደሚያሳየው መልሱ (ለ) ከ5 እስከ 7 ነው። Still not convinced, Tom?

Tom
I just don’t understand how switching jobs 5-7 times is good – good for you or good for your employer.  They’ll train you in something, and then you become good at it, and then you leave!

Sam
But you can still take what you’ve learned in one job and bring it to the next one.  For people like me, who are into lots of different things, this is great news!                                                                                                                       

Presenter
“To be into” መውደድ ማለት ነው።But, Sam, you’re into too many things!  How would you choose your next career?

Tom
Yeah, Sam, you change your mind all the time.  Last week you were into working with animals, this week you’re into working in a restaurant.  What’s it going to be next week?

Sam
Actually, I’ve been reading lots about…

Tom
Yeah, what is it?  Here we go!

Presenter
ይሄው አሁንም አለችው!

እርስዎስ? በአንድ ጊዜ ከአንድ በላይ ሥራን “hold down” ይችላሉ ወይንስ ለአንድ የሥራ መስመር “to devote yourself to” ነው የሚፈልጉት?

የዚህ ሳምንት ዝግጅታችንን አጠናቅቀን ከመሰናበታችን በፊት ዛሬ ስናወራባቸው የቆየናቸውን ቃላት እንዴ እንመልከት-ሁሉም ከሥራ ዓለም ጋር የተያያዙ ናቸው። “To hold down a job”, አንድ ሥራ ይዞ መቆየት ነው; “to switch careers” የሥራ መስመርን መቀየር ነው። “to devote ourselves to something” ራስን ለአንድ ነገር ሙሉ በሙሉ መስጠት ሲሆን “to be into something”, አንድ ነገርን መውደድ ነው።

አብረውን ስለቆዩ እናመሰግናለን፤ ለተጨማሪ የEnglish Together ዝግጅት በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

Meaning & Use 

to hold down (phrasal verb)

To hold down is a phrasal verb. When it is used with a job, or a place in a team it means 'to keep'.

The music industry is very competitive - it can be difficult to hold down a job.
He held down a place on the team even though he didn't score many goals.

to switch (verb)

To switch is a regular verb. It means 'to change'

I have switched jobs many times.
The company often switched suppliers to get the best price.

into (preposition)

We can use the preposition into with the verb 'be' to say that we like or have an interest in something.

I'm really into tennis, I play every week.
I don't like galleries, I'm not into art.

to devote yourself (verb)

Devote is a regular verb. It means to focus all our effort and attention on a particular thing.

He devotes himself to helping people - he spends his weekends working for a charity.
She devotes herself to her studies - she spends all her time on them.

 

Is one career enough?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ።

تبریک می گوییم
Excellent! آفرین! نمره شما Bad luck! :
x / y

Over to you!

Would you like to change anything about your career? Would you like to have many different careers? Would you prefer to stay in the same career? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ እንግሊዝኛን በጋራ ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

دستور زبان این جلسه

واژه های تازه این جلسه

  • to hold down a job
    ሥራን ይዞ መቆየት

    to switch careers
    የሥራ መስመርን መቀየር

    to devote oneself
    ራስን ለአንድ ነገር መስጠት

    to be into
    አንድን ነገር መውደድ

    full time
    የሙሉ ጊዜ

    part time
    የከፊል ጊዜ

    for a living
    ሕይወትን መግፊያ፥ መደገፊያ

    working lives
    የሥራ ሕይወቶች