English Together 2 :1 واحد

انتخاب واحد

  1. 1 Unit 1

جلسه 18

Most people find disruption annoying, but is it always a bad thing? Today we are discussing the pros and cons of being disrupted.

प्रवासातला व्यत्यय एक डोकेदुखी ठरते, पण खरंच त्यांचा काय त्रास होतो? आजच्या भागात कामातल्या व्यत्ययामुळे होणाऱ्या फायद्या तोट्यांबद्दल आपण चर्चा करणार आहोत.  

جلسه های این واحد

Session 18 score

0 / 3

  • 0 / 3
    تمرین 1

تمرین 1

Positive disruption

Most people find disruption annoying, but is it always a bad thing? Today we are discussing the pros and cons of being disrupted.

प्रवासातला व्यत्यय एक डोकेदुखी ठरते, पण खरंच त्याचा काय त्रास होतो? आजच्या भागात व्यत्ययामुळे होणाऱ्या फायद्या तोट्यांबद्दल आपण चर्चा करणार आहोत.


How much time did UK rail passengers lose as a result of service disruption between 2016 and 2017?

a) 1.6 million
b) 3.6 million
c) 5.6 million

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

نشان دادن متن پنهان کردن متن

नमस्कार मित्रांनो! Hello and welcome to English Together, असा शो जिथे आपण चर्चा करतो निरनिराळे विषय आणि त्यासंबंधित शब्दांची. मी तेजाली आणि माझ्यासोबत आहे टॉम आणि शान.

Hello everyone! I’m Tom, thanks for joining us again and I’m with…

Hi everyone. Yeah. I’m Sian.

What’s wrong Sian?

I’ve had a terrible day!

Why don’t you tell us about it? What happened?

My train was late! That made me late for my meeting with the boss! It disruptedeverything!

That’s annoying!  Disrupt म्हणजे व्यत्यय, अडथळा.  ट्रेन विविध कारणांमुळे बंद पडतात. कधी रेल्वेचा रूळ तुटतो, कधी सिग्नल यंत्रणेत बिघाड होतो, तर कधी मेगाब्लॉक असतो. याचा मुख्य फटका बसतो तो प्रवाशांना. यात अडकून पडल्याने मौल्यवान वेळ तर वाया जातोच पण त्यामुळे आर्थिक नुकसानही होत. ‘Which’ या युकेमधल्या प्रवाशांच्या एका गटाने याबद्दल एक पाहणी केली, रेल्वे बंद पडल्याने २०१६ -१७ मध्ये तिकडे किती नुकसान झालं? तीन ऑप्शन्स
a) 1.6 अब्ज तास
b) 3.6 अब्ज तास
c) 5.6 अब्ज तास

Hmm… good question! But, is it fair to describe these hours as ‘lost’ hours?

Well, I can’t ‘find’ my missing work from this morning, can I?!

आज आपण बीबीसी रेडियो 4 च्या The Human Zooयाच्यातली एक क्लिप ऐकू.असे प्रवासात, रेल्वेमध्ये अडकून राहणंही कधी कधी चांगल असतं, हे कसं चांगलं याबदल आजचे पाहुणे सांगतायत.   

You’re saying disruption in general can be good?

Well, of course if you’re a passenger on railways then you think disruption is a bad thing. But, in a more general context, disruption may actually be, sometimes be helpful and may actually help us think about things in new exciting ways and it’s interesting that we don’t feel that. We don’t feel the opportunity as much as we feel the danger.

If we don’t allow disruptive change we can’t find new, really interesting ways of doing things. So though we have a bias against disruption, that bias may not necessarily be a good thing.


What did he mean “we have a bias against disruption”?

A bias
म्हणजे पूर्वग्रह. Well, if we are biased against disruption it means we always see disruption negatively and we can’t see the opportunities it provides!

Hang on, what opportunities did me being late provide?!

Well, for one, we have a topic for today’s programme! That’s an upside, surely.

An upside 
म्हणजे परिस्थितीची, गोष्टीची चांगली बाजू. Right! Being late for your meeting was definitely a downside!

How was your meeting with the boss, anyway?

Well, it was good, actually! I didn’t have time to prepare so I just spoke to the boss naturally.

There you go! That’s an example of positive disruption! Sometimes it’s good to shake things up a bit.

To shake things up a bit म्हणजे, बदल घडणे, गोष्टी वेगळ्या पद्धतीने करणे.  So was your last-minute meeting stressful, Sian?

Hmm… I was quite shaken up at the end!

शान म्हणाली she was shaken up म्हणजे घाबरणे, किंवा तणाव येणे.

So… you haven’t told us what actually happened in the meeting.

Well, actually, they liked my new idea – and we’re going to make the new programme!

That’s fantastic, congratulations!

You see, Sian? Every cloud has a silver lining!

That’s right! Every cloud has a silver liningम्हणजे काही अडचण असली तरी त्यातून काहीतरी चांगलं शोधणे, दु:खातही सुख शोधणे.

Well, I suppose even missing your train can have its upsides!

बरोबर, आणि आता तू ट्रेनबद्दल म्हणालीस तर आजचं उत्तरही सांगते. ट्रेन बंद पडल्यामुळे युकेमध्ये गेल्या वर्षी 3.6अब्ज तास वाया गेले आहेत. आपल्याकडच दृश्यही काही वेगळं नाहीये.   

It does make you wonder, though, doesn’t it? How many positive things could have come from those disruptions? People could have fallen in love at the train station whilst they were waiting for their train!

Now you’re being overly idealistic, Tom.

म्हणजे आदर्शवादी. Yes, Tom – it’s hard to be idealistic when your train’s late!

Every cloud may have a silver lining
, but it’s still not nice waiting for a train!


I think most people agree on that! ट्रॅफिकमध्ये तुमचाही वेळ जातो का? हा वेळ तुम्ही कसा वापरता? तुम्हाला याचा वैताग येतो की तुम्ही याची upsides म्हणजे चांगली बाजू बघता? याची downsideम्हणजे तोटेही आहेतच. याचा वैताग येतो का तुम्हाला? आजचे आणखी काही शब्द. To shake thingsup म्हणजे बदल घडणे किंवा गोष्टी वेगळ्या रितीने करणे, to be shaken up म्हणजे घाबरणे आणि idealistic म्हणजे आदर्शवादी. आज इथेच थांबू. तुमच्या प्रवासातल्या वेळेचा उपयोग तुम्ही कसा करता? आमच्या फेसबुक पेजवर नक्की सांगा, पुन्हा भेटूया English Together च्या पुढच्या भागात ! Bye!


a bias against (something)

When we have a bias against something, we are likely to perceive it in a negative way. A ‘bias’ could here be understood as a ‘prejudice’.

People said that the candidate lost the election as he was biased against immigrants.

If we are in favour of something, we have a bias towards it.

The primary school teacher had a bias towards girls, as she thought that boys were too noisy!

We can also use the adjective, biased.

Don’t ask my father for an objective opinion on the subject – he’s biased!

to shake things up
To shake things up means to begin to do things in a different manner than usual. It can be either a positive or negative expression, depending on the context.

Everyone was working well until the new boss came in and shook everything up! Now we're so confused!

My son was lazy in school last year but his new teacher has really shaken things up! Now he’s positive and motivated thanks to her methods.

We sometimes describe the victims of disruption as being ‘shaken up’. This is a negative expression which implies shock and/or distress.

The children weren’t hurt in the car accident, but they were very shaken up.

An upside is the positive outcome of a given situation. We can use it with the preposition ‘of’.

The upside of my phone being stolen is that my insurance company gave me a better one for free!

When discussing a negative outcome we use the word downside.

When the robber stole my phone they hurt my arm. That was a definite downside.

Positive disruption

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
योग्य शब्द निवडा.

تبریک می گوییم
Excellent! آفرین! نمره شما Bad luck! :
x / y

Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
English Together चे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयावर बोलणार आहोत.

واژه های تازه این جلسه

  • disruption

    a bias against (something)

    तोट्याची बाजू, कमतरता 

    चांगली बाजू 

    every cloud has a silver lining
    प्रत्येक ढगाला रुपेरी किनार असते

    to shake things up
    बदल होणे 

    to be shaken up
    घाबरणे, हेलावून जाणे