Session 4

Tim answers a question about the future perfect. How well do you know the form: do you always use have or can you also say has?

Wayiitiwwan marii boqonnaa kana keessaa

Wayitii marii qabxii 4

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Stop Saying!

The Future Perfect

The future perfect is a verb form that we use to say something will be finished by a particular time in the future. The verb to have is used in the structure. In this video Tim answers a question about have and if you can use has when the subject is second person singular.

Vidiyoo daawwadhuuti shaakala kana xumuri


The form of the future perfect is:

subject + will ('ll) + have ('ve) + past participle

There are two auxiliaries (helping words), will and have. Apart from being contracted, they do not change, whatever the subject of the sentence.

This is because will is a modal auxiliary and doesn't have different forms. Modal auxiliaries are followed by the infinitive of the verb without to. In the case of the future perfect the verb is to have and so it will always be have, whatever the subject.

  • I will have finshed by the morning.
  • She'll have finished by the morning.
  • Will you have finished by the morning?
  • They won't have finished by the morning.

To do

Do you know your have from your has? Find out by trying the quiz.

Have or has?

5 Questions

In each sentence decide whether the missing word is have or has.

Baga gammadde! Qormaata xumurteetta
Excellent! Great job! Carraa badaa! Qabxii argatte:
x / y

End of session

That's the end of this session.

Many thanks to the staff and students of The London School of English for their help with this feature.


It's time to drop in to the White Elephant restaurant to see what's cooking there.


Caasluga kutaa kanaa

  • The future perfect

    subject + will ('ll) + have ('ve) + past participle

    Whatever the subject the auxiliary from the verb to have will always be have and never has.

    He will have finished by tomorrow.
    It will have stopped raining by the time we leave.
    I won't have arrived by then.