Session 5

Listen to Phil and Georgina talk about strange British sports and traditions, and introduce some compound adjectives.
फिल आणि जॉर्जिना ब्रिटीशांचे  चित्र विचित्र खेळ आणि त्यांच्या परंपरांबद्दल सांगतायत. त्यासोबतच ते compound adjectives बद्दलही बोलतायत. चला ऐकू.

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Weird British Sports

Listen to the audio – what strange sports do the presenters talk about?
कुठल्या विचित्र खेळांबद्दल  यात सांगितलं आहे? 

Listen to the audio and complete the activity

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Tejali
नमस्कार मित्रांनो हे आहे English Together मी तेजाली आणि आज माझ्यासोबत आहे  Phil आणि Georgina. ते आज बोलतायत ‘Weird British sports’. ब्रिटनमध्ये अनेक चित्रविचित्र परंपरा आहेत. तुम्हाला माहितीये, तिकडे दरवर्षी cheese rolling स्पर्धा असते. यात एक मोठ्ठा चीजचा गोळा डोंगरावरून खाली सोडतात आणि मग लोक त्याच्या मागे धावतात, त्याचा पाठलाग करतात. हे धोकादायक असतं. याचं वर्णन ‘death-defying’ असं करतात, compound adjective  म्हणजे मिश्र विशेषण आहे ज्याचा अर्थ होते खूप धोकादायक. आजच्या भागात आपण compound adjective बद्दल जाणून घेणार आहोत. चला ऐकू.

Phil
So Georgina, what other weird British traditions have you heard of?

Georgina
Well, it’s not a sport, but in some villages in Britain they do well dressings. They are a deep-rooted tradition. In other words, they are something that the whole village does each year and some people think they date back to thousands of years ago! 

Tejali
‘A well dressing’ म्हणजे विहीरी फुलांनी सुशोभित करणे.

Phil
I don’t think I’ve ever seen a well dressing. What are they?

Georgina
Well, every year villagers create beautiful pictures made from flowers around the wells in the village. They take months to design and build! It sounds quite old-fashioned - not at all modern, but people come from a long way to see them from all around the world - they are world-famous!

Phil
Talking about world-famous, do you know about the World Bog Snorkelling Championships that are held in Wales?

Tejali
‘Bog snorkelling’ म्हणजे लोक दलदलीत चिखलाच्या पाण्यात स्नोर्केल घेऊन पोहतात. स्नोर्केल हे पाण्याखाली पोहण्यासाठी वापरतात. या नळीच एक टोक आपल्या तोंडात असत तर दुसर बाहेर हवेत. यातून आपल्याला तोंडावाटे श्वास घेता येतो.

Georgina
That sounds totally strange, who would want to get completely covered in wet mud while trying to swim in a water-filled hole?

Phil
Don’t be so narrow-minded! It might be a lot of fun. It’s not like you can see anything - the only thing you need to worry about is the ice-cold water!  

Tejali
एखाद्या शब्दाबद्दल आणखी जास्त माहिती द्यायची असेल तर Compound adjectives खूप उपयोगी ठरतात. आणि आपला शब्द्संग्रहही वाढतो. दोन शब्द संयोगचिन्हाने एकत्र करून compound adjective  तयार होतात, चला पुन्हा आपल्या संभाषणाकडे जाऊ. फिल आणि जोर्जिना ब्रिटनमधल्या चित्रविचित्र tives   वापरलेत त्याकडेही लक्ष द्या.

Georgina
Actually, talking about unusual British traditions, did you know that until 1976 taxi drivers had to carry a bale of hay in their cab?

Tejali
‘a bale of hay’ म्हणजे पेंड किंवा गवताचा हारा.  
Phil
That’s mind-blowing - I don’t think you normally find any hungry horses or cows on a busy road.

Georgina
No, I agree it’s crazy, but it is also illegal to carry a plank of wood across the road in some areas of Britain.

Tejali
‘A plank of wood’ म्हणजे लाकडाची फळी

Phil
So, what happens if I buy some wood and I need to get it from my car into my house?

Georgina
Well, I guess you might get into trouble with the police! What other strange British traditions are there?

Phil

What about strange food? Marmite is mouth-watering, in other words delicious, but not everyone thinks that a marmite and cheese toasted sandwich tastes good!

Georgina

No! Whoever invented that brown salty food was crazy. I mean I know it’s great if you are health-conscious and are keen to be healthier, but I hate it.

Phil
What about Scottish haggis? It’s disgusting.

Georgina

Well I think that’s very short-sighted of you, you are really missing out. I know it’s full of lots of different bits of meat including heart and is cooked in a stomach, but it’s very tasty.

Tejali
Well मी खूप शिकले आज ब्रिटिशांच्या विचित्र परंपरांबद्दल आणि compound adjectives सुद्धा. तुम्हीसुद्धा त्यांचा वापर करा. जसा जसा वापर कराल तसं तसं तुमच्या तुमच्या लक्षात येईल की ती किती उपयोगी आहेत आणि शब्दांच्या अभ्यासात महत्त्वाची सुद्धा.  आज इथेच थांबू, पुन्हा भेटू English Togetherच्या पुढच्या भागात.

Learn more! 

Compound Adjectives

Compound adjectives are describing words that are formed of two different words joined together, often with a hyphen between them.
They are a useful way to expand your vocabulary because they add an extra layer of description to the adjective. For example, saying something is famous is a good description, but saying it is ‘world-famous’ gives us much more information – it tells us that it is famous all around the world, not just in one place.

Weird British Sports

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Session Vocabulary

  • death-defying
    धोकादायक

    deep-rooted
    खोलवर रूजलेले

    old-fashioned
    जुन्या पध्दतीचे

    world-famous
    जगप्रसिद्ध
    water-filled
    पाणी भरलेले
    narrow-minded
    संकुचित मनोवृत्तीचे


    widely-recognized
    सर्वत्र मान्यता असणारे
    long-standing
    बऱ्याच काळापासून चालत आलेले

    mind-boggling
    आश्चर्याने थक्क करून सोडणारे
    ice-cold
    बर्फासारखे थंड

    mind-blowing
    अतिशय आश्चर्यचकित करणारे 

    mouth-watering
    तोंडाला पाणी सुटणारे
    health-conscious
    आरोग्याबाबत जागरूक

    short-sighted
    ऱ्हस्व दृष्टी किंवा संकुचित विचार