세션 4

When speaking normally some sounds in and between English words change, disappear or link. Helen answers a question about the sound of the letter 't' at the end of the word 'doesn't'.

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    엑티비티 1

엑티비티 1

Stop Saying!

The disappearing 't'?

When we write the word 'doesn't' it definitely has a 't' at the end. However, it seems that when we speak, that /t/ sound isn't always there. This week Helen is a little preoccupied with her private life but still finds the time to answer a question on this topic.

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Summary

When we speak normally we call this connected speech.

In connected speech the sounds at the end of words can change, link or even disappear depending on the word that follows.

Disappearing sounds

When the sounds /t/ or /d/ come between two consonants they often aren't pronounced. This is what happens with 'doesn't' if the following word begins with a consonant sound.

  • He doesn('t) care

In this example the sound /t/ is between the consonants /n/ and /k/ and in fluent speech it won't be pronounced. This isn't a mistake, it's just a natural feature of connected speech.

Linking

When a word ends in a consonant sound and the following word begins with a vowel sound, the two words will link together. The consonant sound at the end of the first word will act almost like the first sound of the following word.

  • He doesn't_always call every day.

Merging

When a word ends with a consonant sound and the following word begins with the same sound, that sound is not pronounced twice. The sounds join together and are pronounced slightly longer than normal.

  • He doesn('t) know

In this example two things happen. The /t/ at the end disappears as it comes between two consonants. That leaves the last sound as /n/. The first sound of know  is /n/. (Remember we are talking about sounds, not spelling so we can ignore the k in the spelling). These two /n/ sounds join together and are not split.

So, if we don't pronounce the /t/ sound and the /n/ sounds are joined together, how can we tell whether the sentence is negative: He doesn't know? or positive: He does know?

In the negative there is an extra syllable. Before the /n/ there is the weak form schwa.

To do

Try the quiz to see how well you understand these features of connected speech.

 

Connected speech

5 Questions

Choose the correct answer for each question.

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x / y

End of Session

Congratulations on reaching the end of this session.

Many thanks to the staff and students at Avalon School of English for their help with this feature.

Next

Now it's time to drop in and see what's cooking at the White Elephant restaurant.

이번 세션 문법

Session Vocabulary

  • Connected speech

    In normal speech when the sounds /t/ or /d/ come between consonant sounds, they often are not pronounced.

    He doesn't know.
    I can't do it.
    It's a sandwich.

    When a word ends in a consonant sound and the next word begins with a vowel, the first word will link to the second word. This means there is no break between the words, the consonant sound at the end of the first word acts almost like the first sound of the following word.

    He doesn't_often call.
    Give_it to me.
    Let's Stop_in 20 minutes.