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유닛 1: One-minute English

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Do we use ‘if only’ to talk about the present, past or future? In today's video we find out.

ਅਸੀਂ ਸ਼ਬਦ ‘if only’ ਕਿਸ ਸਮੇਂ ਬਾਰੇ ਦੱਸਣ ਲਈ ਕਰਦੇ ਹਾਂ-ਭੂਤਕਾਲ, ਵਰਤਮਾਨ ਜਾਂ ਫ਼ਿਰ ਭਵਿੱਖ ਕਾਲ? ਅੱਜ ਦੇ ਵੀਡੀਓ ਵਿੱਚ ਅਸੀਂ ਇਸ ਬਾਰੇ ਸਿੱਖਾਂਗੇ। 

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3 ways to use 'if only'

Do we use ‘if only’ to talk about the present, past or future? In today's video we find out.

ਅਸੀਂ ਸ਼ਬਦ ‘if only’ ਕਿਸ ਸਮੇਂ ਬਾਰੇ ਦੱਸਣ ਲਈ ਕਰਦੇ ਹਾਂ-ਭੂਤਕਾਲ, ਵਰਤਮਾਨ ਜਾਂ ਫ਼ਿਰ ਭਵਿੱਖ ਕਾਲ? ਅੱਜ ਦੇ ਵੀਡੀਓ ਵਿੱਚ ਅਸੀਂ ਇਸ ਬਾਰੇ ਸਿੱਖਾਂਗੇ।

Watch the video and read our language summary to answer the questions in the quiz.

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Hello everyone, I’m Sam from BBC Learning English, and today we are going to look at the 3 ways in which we use ‘if only’.

We use this to say that we would like something to be different, but – careful – it has different forms!

1.For the past, we use “if only” + past perfect: “If only I hadn’t left my keys at home.”

2.For the present, we use “if only” + past simple.For example: “If only I understood maths.” Or: “If only I were better at maths”, where we use “were” instead of “was”.

3.And to talk about the future, we use “If only” + would + verb. For example: “If only he would call.”

If only English were easier, eh?

Function/ਵਰਤੋਂ 

1. ਭੂਤ ਕਾਲ ਨੂੰ ਦਰਸਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਵਰਤੋਂ: 
If only + subject + past perfect (had + past participle)

If only I hadn’t left my keys at home.
If only you’d studied harder at school.

2. ਵਰਤਮਾਨ ਨੂੰ ਦਰਸਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਵਰਤੋਂ: 
If only + subject + past simple

If only I understood maths.

If only we danced better. I’m so embarrassed – we’re the worst in the group!

ਜਦੋਂ ਅਸੀਂ ਕਿਰਿਆ ‘be’ ਦੀ ਵਰਤੋਂ ਕਰਦੇ ਹਾਂ ਤਾਂ ‘was’ ਸ਼ਬਦ ਦੀ ਥਾਂ ਉੱਤੇ ‘were’ ਸ਼ਬਦ ਦੀ ਵਰਤੋਂ ਕਰਾਂਗੇ, ਕਰਤਾ ਬਦਲਣ ਨਾਲ ਕੋਈ ਫ਼ਰਕ ਨਹੀਂ ਪਵੇਗਾ।
If only + subject + were

If only I were better at maths.

If only we were better dancers. I’m so embarrassed – we’re the worst in the group!

3. ਭਵਿੱਖ ਕਾਲ ਨੂੰ ਦਰਸਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਵਰਤੋਂ:
If only + would + verb

If only he would call. I’ve been waiting by the phone all day.

If only it would stop raining, we could go outside and play!

3 ways to use 'if only'

5 Questions

ਖਾਲੀ ਥਾਵਾਂ ਭਰਨ ਲਈ ਸਹੀ ਵਿਕਲਪ ਚੁਣੋ।

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Extension:

‘If only’ or ‘I wish’?

‘If only’ means the same as ‘I wish’ but ‘if only’ can be used to emphasise the point a little more strongly, depending on the context.

I wish you’d told me you were coming!
If only you’d told me you were coming! I would have cleaned the house.

I wish I had a car, but I don’t.
If only I had a car, then I could come and visit you.

I wish you’d stop smoking. It’s bad for your health.
If only you’d stop smoking. I’m really worried about your health.

Interesting facts

interesting facts if only.jpg


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