세션 17

Listen to find out how to talk about future arrangements.
ጽን ኢልኩም ብምሰማዕ ከመይ ጌርኩም ብዛዕባ መጻኢ ውጥን ከምእትዛረቡ ተኸታተሉ።

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세션 17 점수

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    엑티비티 1

엑티비티 1

How do I talk about future arrangements?

ካብዚኦም ተቀሪቦም ዘሎው ሓሳባት ኣየናይ እዩ ብዛዕባ መጻኢ ውጥን ዚዛረብ።

I'll have dinner with my mother tomorrow.
I'm having dinner with my mother tomorrow.
I had dinner with my mother yesterday.

ጽን ኢልኩም ብምስማዕ፡ መልስታትኩም ገምግሙ። ካብኡ ምስቲ ኣብ ታሕቲ ቀሪቡ ንዘሎ ጽሑፍ ኣወዳድርዎ።

스크립트 보기 스크립트 숨기기

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሰላም፣ እንቋዕ ናብ መደብ How do I… ብድሓን መጻእኩም። ኣነ ተኽልማርያም በኪት ኢየ፡ ምሳና’ውን ፊል ኣሎ።

Phil
Hello, everybody. Welcome!

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
አብ ናይ ሎሚ ትሕዝቶና ብዛዕባ ናይ መጻኢ ኣወዳድባ ክንርኢ ኢና። እስከ ሰለስተ ሰባት ብዛዕባ መጻኢ ምድላዋቶም ዝዘራረብዎ ብምስማዕ ንጀምሮ።

ኩሉ እንተዘይተረዲኡኩም ኣይትጨነቁ ድሓር ክንሕግዘኩም ኢና። ንሕጂ አየናዮም ልኡም መዓልቲ ከምዝወዓለ ወስኑ። 

What are you doing tomorrow?

I'm having lunch with my mother.

I'm going to work, as usual.

I'm not doing anything. It's my day off.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
ሰሚዕኩምዎ’ዶ? እቲ ናይ መወዳእታ ተዛራባይ ጽባሕ ወላ ሓንቲ ኣይገብርን’ዩ። ስለዚ ጽባሕ ንዕኡ ልኡም መዓልቲ’ዩ። እሞ ሳም ሕጂ ብዛዕባ መጻኢ ንምግላጽ ክንጥቀመሉ ዘኽእለና ቋንቋ’ዶ ክንርኢ?

Phil
Yes, let's have a look! 

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
እዞም ኩሎም ምሉእ ሓሳባት፡ ብሓፈሻ ብዛዕባ መጻኢ መደባት’ዮም ዝዛረቡ። እንታይ ዓይነት (ግሲ) ተጠቒሞም? እስከ መሊስና ነዚ ሕቶ ንስምዓዮ።

What are you doing tomorrow?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
'What are you doing?’. እዚ ዝቅጽል ዘሎ ሓረግ’ዩ። ብዛዕባ አብ መጻኢ እንገብሮ መደባት ንመግለጺ ንጥቀመሉ ማለት’ዩ።

Phil 
OK, let's quickly practise the pronunciation together! Notice that when we say "What are you doing tomorrow" we pronounce 'are' as 'uh' 'What are you doing tomorrow?' Repeat after me: 

What are you doing tomorrow?

What are you doing tomorrow?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ግርም! ሕጂ መልሲ ቀዳማይ ሕቶ ንስማዕ።

I'm having lunch with my mother.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
ስለዚ 'to be' – 'am' ንጥቀም ማለት’ዩ፤ ኣብ’ዚ ምስቲ ቀንዲ ግሲ ማለት ‘have', 'ing' ንጥቀም ስለዚ 'having' ይኸውን ማለት’ዩ።

Phil
OK, Let's practise the pronunciation again. Notice how we say 'I am' as 'I'm'. Repeat after me: 

I'm having lunch with my mother.

I'm having lunch with my mother.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
እስከ ሕጂ ነዚ ዝስዕብ ተዛራባይ ንስማዕ።

I'm going to work, as usual.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
ሕራይ፤ ካልኣይ ግዜ 'I'm' ሰሚዕና፡ እቲ ቀንዲ ግሲ ዝነበረ ከኣ 'going' ነይሩ። እዚ ተዛራባይ ድማ ኩሉ ጊዜ ዝገብሮ ንምግላጽ 'as usual' ተጠቂሙ።

Phil
And let's practise the pronunciation together. Notice how 'to' in 'going to work' sounds like 'tuh'. Repeat after me: 

I'm going to work as usual.

I'm going to work as usual.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
And, we have one more. እዚ ናይ መወዳእታ ተዛራባይ እንታይ’ዩ መደባቱ?

I'm not doing anything. It's my day off.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
'not doing anything' ‘ዋላ ሓንቲ ኣይገበርናን' ኢሎም። ኣንጻር ገለ ምግባር እምብኣር ቅድሚ 'ቱቢ' 'not' ምጥቃም የድልየና። ብዝበለጸ ኣገላልጻ ድማ ንመዓልቲ ዕረፍቶም ብኸምዚ ገሊጾሞ። 'it's my day off'.

Phil
When you can say 'I'm not doing anything' remember that it's important to stress the 'not'. Repeat after me: 

I'm not doing anything. 

I'm not doing anything.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
Thanks, Phil, ኣብ'ዚ እምበ ኣር ኣጠቃቕማ ምድላው መጻኢ መደባት ተማሂርኩም ኣለኹም፤ ሕጂ ግዴኹም ፈትኑ።

እስከ ኣብ ሲነማ ፊልም ንምርኣይ መደብ ከምዘለኩም ሕሰቡ። ብኸመይ ትገልጽዎ? መልስኹም ምስ ናይ ፊል ኣወዳድርዎ።

Phil 
I'm seeing a film at the cinema.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Did you say the same? ከምዚ እውን ክትብሉ ትኽእሉ 'I'm going to see a new film' ።ሕጂ ንሓደ እትፈልጥዎ ሰብ ሎሚ ምሸት 'this evening' እንታይ መደብ ከምዘለዎ ንምሕታት ሕሰቡ። ብኸመይ ትሓትዎ? አብዚ 'do' ዝብል ግሲ ክትጥቀሙ ይግባእ። መልስኹም ምስ ናይ ፊል መልሲ ኣወዳድርዎ።

Phil
Are you doing anything this evening?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Did you say the same?

Phil
Well done! Now you know how to talk about future arrangements!

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Great! Are you practising English this week? Bye!

Phil
Bye!

Learn more!

1. ብዛዕባ መጻኢ ውጥናት ኣየናይ እዋን ተጠቂምና ኢና እንዛረብ?

ንኸምዚ ህልው ግዜ ንጥቀም። ነቲ ህልዊ ቀጻሊ እንጥቀም፡ ሓደ ነገር ብርግጽ ኪፍጸም እዩ ኢልና ምስ እንሓስብ ወይ ድማ ንኺፍጸም ወጢንና እንተ ነበርና እዩ።

2. ከመይ ገይረ አቕውሞ?

መረጋገጺ
I'm having dinner with my mother.> በዓል ቤት + ህልዉ ኣቃዉማ ናይ be + ግዚ-ing’

ኣሉታ
I'm not having dinner with my mother.> በዓል ቤት + ህልዉ ኣቃዉማ ናይ be +ግዚ-ing’

ሕቶ
Are you having dinner with your mother? > በዓል ቤት + ህልዉ ኣቃዉማ ናይ be +ግዚ-ing’

ንኣተሓጻጽራ ቃላት ኣስተውዕሉ
'I am' 'I'm' ይኸውን።
'You are' 'You're' ይኸውን።
'He is' 'He's' ይኸውን
'We are'  'We're' ይኸውን።

3. ህልዊ ቀጻሊ ካልእ ጥቕሚ ኣለዎ ድዩ?

Yes, ህልዊ ቀጻሊ ሓደ ነገር ገና ይፍጸም ምስ ዚህሉ እውን ንጥቀመሉ ኢና፡ ንኣብነት ንሓደ ጌና ዚፍጸም ዘሎ ነገር። በቲ ኩነታት ጌርና እውን ኣየናይ ኣገባብ ግዜ ይዝውተር ከም ዘሎ ንፈልጥ ኢና።

I'm having dinner with my mother at the moment.
I'm having dinner with my mother tomorrow.

How do I talk about future arrangements?

5 Questions

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ቕኑዕ መልሲ ምረጹ።

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Session Vocabulary

  • as usual
    ከምቲ ልሙድ

    day off
    መዓልቲ ዕረፍቲ

    listen to music
    ሙዚቃ ስማዕ

    cinema
    ኢነማ