세션 10

Listen to find out how to use an everyday English expression.
በዕለት ተዕለት ንግግር ውስጥ ግልጋሎት የሚሰጡ የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለፆችን እንድት መጠቀም እንደሚችሉ ይህንን ያዳምጡ።

이번 유닛의 세션들

세션 10 점수

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    엑티비티 1

엑티비티 1

To brush over

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • scruffy
  • decorating
  • paint
  • permission

Listen to Rob and Li talking about decorating the studio. As you listen, think about these questions:

1. Has Rob prepared properly to paint the studio?

2. Does he think this is important?

Listen to find out the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

스크립트 보기 스크립트 숨기기

ጤና ይስጥልን፤ እንኳን አዳዲስ የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለፆችን እንዲማሩ ወደምናግዝበት English Expressions በደህና መጡ። ዛሬ ‘to brush over’ ‘ቸል ብሎ ማለፍ’ የተባለውን የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለጽ መጠቀምን እንማራለን። ምን ማለት ይመስልዎታል? እርግጠኛ አይደሉም? እሽ፥ መስማትዎን ይቀጥሉ። እስኪ በሮብ እና በሊ መካከል የሚከናወነውን ልውውጥ እናዳምጥ። ሮብ ስቱዲዮውን ቀለም መቀባቱ ጥሩ ኃሳብ እንዳልሆነ ሊ ያሰበችው ለምንድን ነው? ሮብ ስቱዲዮውን ቀለም የመቀባት ኃሳቡን ሊ በመቀወሟ ምን ዓይነት አፀፋ ነው ያሳየው? እስኪ አብረን እንይ።

Rob
Now, Li, would you just mind holding that ladder still, please.

Li
I'm trying… but Rob, what are you doing up a ladder, anyway?

Rob
I'm decorating!

Li
Why?

Rob
Well, this studio is really scruffy – you know, not that smart – so I thought I'd tidy it up and paint it, too.

Li
Hmmm. I don't think it's a good idea.

ሮብ ስቱዲዮው ‘scruffy’ ‘ዝርክርክ’ እንደሆን ያስባል፤ ስለዚህም ‘tidy’ ‘ሊያፀዳው’ እና ‘paint’ ‘ቀለም ሊቀባው’ ይፈልጋል። ሊ ይህ ኃሳብ መልካም ሆኖ አልታያትም። ለምን እንደሆን እንይ እስኪ።

Li
For a start, you haven't put any sheets down to stop the paint splashing on the carpet, … and you need to move the chairs outside… you are wearing smart clothes, not ones for decorating in.

Rob
Well, no, err, that's true. But shall we just brush over that?

Li
Brush over? You can't brush over those things – you'll get paint everywhere!

Rob
No, Li! When you say you will 'brush over' something, it means you will ignore it or not take it that seriously.

Li
Oh, I see. So Rob, you're saying making the preparations for decorating is not important and you are going to ignore it?

Rob
Yes, well… I'm in a rush.

Li
I see.

ሮብ ቀለም በሚቀባበት ጊዜ ራሱ እና የወለል ምንጣፉን በቀለም ያጨመላልቃል ስትል ሊ ሰግታለች። ነገር ግን ሮብ ይህንን ሃቅ ‘to brush over’ እና ሥራውን መቀጠል ይፈልጋል። ‘brush over’ ሁለት ቃላትን፥ ‘brush’ እና ‘over’ ን በማጣመር ነው የተፈጠረው። ‘over’ የሚያመላክተው ‘brush’ የምናግደርግበትን ቦታ ነው። አንድን ነገር ‘brush over’ ሲያደርጉ ያንን ጉዳይ ቸል እያሉት ነው አሊያም ደግሞ ከቁብ አልቆጠሩትም ማለት ነው። አንድን ጉዳይ በጣም ቀለል አድርገው እንደያዙት እና ወደዝርዝሩ ጠልቅ ብለው እንዳለገቡ የሚገልፅም ነው፥። በዚህኛው ምሳሌ እንዳለው ሁሉ ብዙ ጊዜ አሉታዊ ትርጓሜ ይኖረዋል። ሮብ ምናልባትም ቀለሙን ስቱዲዮ ውስጥ የማዝረክረኩን ዕድል ቸል ማለት አልነበረበትም። ይህ አገላለፅ እንዴት ጥቅም ላይ እንደሚውል የሚያሳዩ ተጨማሪ ምሳሌዎችን እናዳምጥ።

Examples
My teacher's history lesson was fascinating, but he brushed over World War I and that was the bit I wanted to hear about the most!

We haven't sorted the figures for the meeting, but we'll brush over those seeing as they are not that important and just talk about the future.

Whenever I bring up the things we need to fix in our office, my boss always just brushes over them. He never shows any interest in sorting them out even though they are a big inconvenience.

I really need a new phone, I might buy one this weekend...
But didn’t you say you didn’t have enough money yesterday?
Yes, well… let’s brush over that, shall we?

Li
So, to 'brush over' something means to ignore something or miss it out. Rob, have you actually asked for permission to decorate this studio? It doesn't belong to you.

Rob
Yeah, well… err…

Li
Are you brushing over that, too?! Anyway, even if you did get permission, shouldn't you cover up the windows?

Rob
That's true, Li. But before I do any of that, there is something more important to do.

Li
Oh yes?

Rob
Buy some paintbrushes!

Li
Ah yes, you can't brush over that!

ሮብ የመቀቢያ ብሩሽ ከመግዛት አልፈለገም እንጅ ሁሉንም ነገር ቀለም መቀባት የሻተ ይመስላል። 'Brushing over things' ጊዜ እንድትቆጥቡ ሊያስችላችሁ ይችላል፤ ነገር ግን ሮብ እንዳንድ ጥንቃቄዎችን ማድረግን ማስታወስ አለበት! እርስዎስ? ምን ዓይነት ነገሮችን ቸል ብለው አልፈዋል? ነገሪሮቹን ቸል ብሎ ማልፍስ ችግር አስከትሎብዎት ያውቃል? ለተጨማሪ English Expressions. በሚቀጥለው ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Answers:

1. No, he hasn't prepared well.

2. No he doesn't think this is important - he is brushing over it! 

How do I use it?

'Brush' is a regular verb, so we add '-ed' to put it in the past. Together with 'over', it forms the phrasal verb 'to brush over' - careful not to separate 'brush' and 'over', as they always go together.
When using 'to brush over', it is important to mention what you are 'brushing over'. This can be a noun (eg. my mistake), a pronoun (eg. it), or a longer clause introduced by 'what', 'that' or 'the fact that'.
Look at these examples:

I was grateful that my boss brushed over my mistake and didn't mention it again. He knew I felt terrible, I think!

Max is very private. He never talks about what his personal life - he just brushes over it when you ask him.

Look, we can't just brush over what happened - it was really serious!

She just brushed over the fact that she hadn't got the promotion, but I think she was quite upset.

To brush over

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ።

잘하셨습니다 퀴즈를 다하셨습니다
Excellent! Great job! 네 안타깝군요 이번 점수입니다:
x / y

Over to you!

Have you had to ‘brush over’ anything? What was the situation? What happened? Come and tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Expressions, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለፆች ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Session Vocabulary

  • a ladder
    መሰላል

    decorating
    ማስጌጥ

    scruffy
    ዝርክርክ

    to paint
    መቀባት

    paint
    ቀለም

    permission
    ፈቃድ