Unit 5: Christmas every day
'Have to' and 'must'
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- 1 Nice to meet you!
- 2 What to wear
- 3 Like this, like that
- 4 The daily grind
- 5 Christmas every day
- 6 Great achievers
- 7 The Titanic
- 8 Travel
- 9 The big wedding
- 10 Sunny's job hunt
- 11 The bucket list
- 12 Moving and migration
- 13 Welcome to BBC Broadcasting House
- 14 New Year, New Project
- 15 From Handel to Hendrix
- 16 What's the weather like?
- 17 The Digital Revolution
- 18 A detective story
- 19 A place to live
- 20 The Cult of Celebrity
- 21 Welcome to your new job
- 22 Beyond the planets
- 23 Great expectations!
- 24 Eco-tourism
- 25 Moving house
- 26 It must be love
- 27 Job hunting success... and failure
- 28 Speeding into the future
- 29 Lost arts
- 30 Tales of survival
In this session we look at the unit’s new language in more detail, and learn the rules for how to use must and have to.
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Did you hear how Mr Christmas said the word mustn't? One of the letters in that word is silent – do you know which one? Watch this video to find out and to practise your pronunciation. Then try the pronunciation exercises.
Watch the video
Hello! I’m Finn, with another pronunciation tip.
Today we're looking at 'must' and 'mustn't'.
You'll notice that the middle 't' is silent.
Mustn't, mustn't. Not musTn't, but mustn’t
Now, 'must'. When you say the word on its own, it has a 't' at the end. It's pronounced 'must'.
But when it's followed by a word which starts with a consonant, that sound disappears. Listen to this.
I mus(t) go
You mus(t) come
And one last tip, when it's followed by a word which starts with a vowel like 'open', listen to what happens.
I must open
You must arrive
The 't' is there, but it joins on to the word afterwards.
There you go. That's the pronunciation tip for today. Bye.
Read these sentences. Practise saying them by yourself.
- You really must pay for that!
- You mustn't worry.
- You must arrive before 6am.
- You must offer me a higher salary!
- Mustn’t grumble.
Great! We must make sure you've learned all the grammar. Here’s 6 Minute Grammar.
If you must do something, it is necessary for you to do it, but this is often your opinion or a rule that you have made yourself.
If you have to do something, it is necessary for you to do it. It’s a law, an obligation or a fact.
If you don’t have to do something, it isn’t necessary to do it, but you can if you want.
If you mustn’t do something, it means ‘don’t do it’. It is necessary not to do it.
officially finishes, usually after a particular date
can’t complain; not bad (said after someone asks 'How are you?')