Vocabulary Reference

Second conditional

Ecotourism

preservation
the act of keeping something in good condition

preserve
keep something in good condition

species
a group of related animals or plants

rainforest
thick, tropical forest with a lot of rain

deforestation
the act of cutting down all the trees in a forest

reuse
use things more than once

recycle
use something old and unwanted for a new purpose

pollution
substances that make land, water or air dirty and not safe to use

litter
things that people have thrown away and are lying on the ground in a public place

volunteer
(here) offer to work to help others for no pay

landscape
all the features of land you see when you look across it

polar regions
cold areas around the North and South Poles

glacier
large area of ice that moves slowly downhill

wilderness
large area of wild land that people have not developed

desert
large dry area of land that has very little rain. Many deserts are very hot and covered in sand

jungle
tropical forest

great plain
large area of flat grassland

breathtaking
amazing; spectacular

6 Minute Vocabulary

precooked
already cooked or partly cooked

prepacked
wrapped, often with plastic or in a box, before being sold

preschool
nursery school

proactive
taking action in support of something

probiotic
containing good bacteria that keeps you healthy

recycle
to collect and change rubbish so that it can be used again; to use something again for a different purpose

re-educate
to teach someone to think or behave in a different way

reheat
heat again

reuse
to use again

I would be much happier if…

unreal
not real

imaginary
something you create in your mind

recycled
used again, or changed into a usable material

The ends of the earth

environment
(here) the natural world

destination
(here) a place people travel to or holiday in

adventurous
willing to try new things and take risks

research stations
buildings where scientists can work

landscape
all the features of the land you see when you look across it

continent
one of the world’s large areas of land e.g. Africa, Asia

sensitive
can be badly affected by very small changes

tour guide
someone who shows groups of tourists around

leave a footprint
(here) to affect a place after you have gone

coastline
the land along the seashore

breed
produce young

advocates
people who support something and speak in favour of it

preservation
the act of keeping something in good condition

glaciers
large areas of ice slowly moving downhill

guidelines
rules or instructions that tell us how to do something

to set foot in
to enter; to walk upon

disinfect
to clean something and kill germs and bacteria

alien species
animals and/or plants that come from somewhere else

souvenir
something kept as a reminder of a place you visited

breathtaking
very great or spectacular

contaminate
make something or somewhere dirty or diseased by bringing a harmful substance to it

keep your fingers crossed
(idiom) hope

The ultimate adventure holiday?

environment
(here) the natural world

destination
(here) a place people travel to or holiday in

bungee jumping
a sport that involves falling from a high place attached to a strong rope that can stretch

wilderness
a large area of wild land, not used by humans

of choice
selected as the favourite

adventurous
willing to try new things and take risks

research stations
buildings where scientists can work

landscape
all the features of the land you see when you look across it

continent
one of the world’s large areas of land e.g. Africa, Asia

sensitive
can be badly affected by very small changes

tour guide
someone who shows groups of tourists around

leave a footprint
(here) to affect a place after you have gone

coastline
the land along the seashore

breed
produce young animals

advocates
people who support something and speak in favour of it

preservation
the act of keeping something in good condition

glaciers
large areas of ice slowly moving downhill

guidelines
rules or instructions that tell us how to do something

to set foot in
to enter; to walk upon

disinfect
to clean something and kill germs and bacteria

alien species
animals and/or plants that come from somewhere else

souvenir
something kept as a reminder of a place you visited

breathtaking
very great or spectacular

contaminate
make something or somewhere dirty or diseased by bringing a harmful substance to it

keep your fingers crossed
(here) hope

My dream holiday is...

News Report: Driverless cars

driverless cars
cars that don’t need a human to drive them

a reality
something that exists, is real

approved trials
officially agreed to tests

speculated
made a guess about what might happen

commonplace
not unusual

autonomous
independent, without an owner

running costs
day to day expenses such a fuel, parts and insurance

upgrades
improvements

pool their profits
add together the extra money they make

blue-sky thinking
theoretical, imaginary

Alice in Wonderland: episode 4

chop off
remove by cutting

housemaid
a female whose job is to cook and clean in a house

chimney
the vertical tunnel above a fireplace in a room which smoke goes up so that it doesn't go into the room

ladder
a wood or metal set of steps that you climb to reach things that are high up

roof
the part of a building which covers the top

gardener
a person whose job is to look after a garden

giant
a very big person, often a character in fairy tales

caterpillar
a small creature that will one day become a butterfly