Vocabulary Reference

General Vocabulary from Unit 2

Sailing related

berths
beds in a ship, boat or train

boom
a pole that supports the bottom of the sail and can move from side to side

bow
front end of the boat

deck
outside part of the boat that people can walk on

galley
the kitchen in a ship, boat or plane

mainsail
the largest sail on a boat

mast
a tall pole that supports the sail on a boat

plain sailing
an expression that means a job or task is going well, easily, without problems

rudder
a flat piece of wood or metal at the back of a boat that controls the direction of travel (by moving from side to side)

seasick
feeling ill, vomiting or feeling you are going to vomit or be sick because of the movement of the ship or boat you are travelling in

stern
back end of the boat

 

6 Minute Vocabulary Unit 1: Adjectives and Adverbs

Adjectives

Meaning
Adjectives are words which describe nouns.

Examples

scruffy - not neat or clean
He wore a scruffy old t-shirt.

casual - informal and comfortable
I like to wear casual clothes when I relax at home.

formal - serious, important clothes for special events e.g. a wedding

 

you must wear a formal suit to the wedding

smart - nice and stylish

 

Dave looks very smart with his new shirt and tie 

fashionable - new and popular

 

Baggy pants were fashionable a few years ago.

Adverbs

Meaning
Adverbs are words that describe verbs.

Examples
scruffily
He dressed scruffily in an old t-shirt. 

casually
I dress casually when I relax at home.

smartly
Dave's smartly dressed today in a new shirt and tie.


 

formally
Everyone will dress formally at the wedding.

fashionably
Sarah was fashionably dressed in a flowery shirt.

 

 

The vocabulary tip

To help you remember how to use adjectives and adverbs, it's a good idea to write down example sentences.  This will make it easier for you to remember how to use the words more accurately than if you just write down a translation.