Session 1

Find out what Emma and other Londoners like to wear and learn some useful vocabulary to talk about clothes and fashion.

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6 Minute Vocabulary

Adjectives and adverbs

Do you like fashion? Is being fashionable important to you - or do you hate dressing fashionably? Join Finn and Alice as they discuss adjectives and adverbs. Learn some fashion-related vocabulary and see if you can get top marks in our quiz.

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Finn
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary - the show that teaches you how to study vocabulary. I'm Finn...

Alice
And I'm Alice. Hello. Today's show is all about fashion.

Finn
Ahh, fashion. What to wear...

Alice
And what not to wear. And today we're going to listen to some people talking about what to wear to a social occasion...

Finn
And we'll look at a very important area of vocabulary: the difference between adjectives and adverbs.

Alice
We'll have a quiz to test what we've learnt...

Finn
And we'll give you a top tip to help you learn more vocabulary.

Alice
So let's get started - with a conversation. Mike and Sarah are getting ready to go to a party, but they have very different ideas about what Mike should wear.

Finn
While you listen, try to answer this question. What does Mike wear to the party?

Alice
Let's find out.

INSERT
Sarah
You're not seriously going to the party dressed like that! You'll be the most scruffily-dressed man there.

Mike
The invitation said casual, so I'm dressing casually: jeans and a T-shirt. What's wrong with that?

Sarah
It's too scruffy: the invitation said smart-casual. You need to wear something much smarter, Mike.

Mike
What, a suit?

Sarah
No, that's too formal - it's not a job interview. Just wear a nice fashionable shirt.

Mike
But I hate fashion. I can't dress fashionably. I'm the most unfashionable person I know.

Sarah
Well, you'll be the only one in a T-shirt.

Mike
OK, you win. I'll wear my black shirt and the smart shoes. But I'm still wearing my jeans.

Sarah
If you must.

Finn
So, did you hear what Mike wore to the party in the end?

Alice
He wore a black shirt, jeans, and his smart shoes.

Finn
Well done if you got that right. Now, let's take a closer look at some of the fashion-related vocabulary we heard there - starting with some of the adjectives.

Alice
Yes and of course adjectives are words which describe nouns, and there were lots of adjectives describing people and their clothes. Sarah thinks Mike is scruffy.

Finn
Which means not neat or clean.

Alice
But Mike wants to be casual.

Finn
Informal and comfortable.

Alice
She thinks he should be smart.

Finn
Nice and stylish.

Alice
But not too formal.

Finn
Old-fashioned and serious.

Alice
And she wants him to wear something fashionable.

Finn
New and stylish.

Alice
Now, we can change these words into adverbs - words that describe verbs. And Mike and Sarah used lots of adverbs to describe the way people dress. We heard: scruffily, casually, smartly, formally and fashionably.

Finn
And because they are adverbs, they all end in the letters 'l-y'. Here are some clips from the conversation. Listen out for adverbs which describe the verb dress.

You'll be the most scruffily-dressed man there.

So I'm dressing casually. Jeans and a T-shirt.

I can't dress fashionably.

IDENT
You're listening to bbclearningenglish.com.

Alice
And coming up soon is our vocabulary quiz: but first, let's have a quick recap of today's fashion-related vocabulary.

Finn
First we had some adjectives.

Alice
Scruffy, casual, smart, formal, fashionable.

Finn
And then we looked at some adverbs.

Alice
Scruffily, casually, smartly, formally, fashionably.

Finn
And now: it's quiz time. All you have to do is finish the sentences with words from today's programme. There are two sentences, each with three choices. So, are we ready? Number 1: Everyone is wearing tight jeans this year - they are really: a) fashion b) fashionable c) fashionably.

Alice
The answer is: b) fashionable.

Finn
That's right. Now, question 2. I had a job interview yesterday, so I dressed very: a) formally b) scruffy c) formal.

Alice
It's: a) formally.

Finn
That's right.

Alice
I hope you got that at home. And that brings us to the end of today's show, so we'll leave you with today's top tip for learning vocabulary, which is, Finn...

Finn
To help you remember how to use adjectives and adverbs, it's a really good idea to write down example sentences.

Alice
That's right. Example sentences will help you use words more accurately than if you just note down the word with a translation.

Finn
And there's more about this on bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

Both
Bye!

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Adjectives

Adjectives are words that describe nouns.

scruffy
not neat or clean

Example: He's wearing a scruffy old t-shirt.

casual
informal and comfortable

Example: I like to wear casual clothes when I'm relaxing at home.

smart
neat and stylish

Example: Stuart looks very smart in his new shirt and tie.

formal
serious, important clothes for special events, for example, weddings

Example: You must wear a formal suit for the interview.

fashionable
new and popular

Example: Stripy trousers were fashionable a few years ago.

 

Adverbs

Adverbs are words that describe verbs.

scruffily

He dressed scruffily in an old t-shirt.

casually

I dress casually when I relax at home.

smartly

Dave's smartly dressed today in a new shirt and tie.

formally

Everyone will dress formally at the wedding.

fashionably

Sarah was fashionably dressed in a blue coat. 

End of Session 1

That's it for Session 1. We hope you enjoyed it. Don't forget to subscribe to the 6 Minute Vocabulary podcast so that you don't miss a single episode.

In Session 2 we'll show you how to make and use the present simple and the present continuous tenses.

See you soon!

Session Grammar

  • Coming up in Session 2: present simple and present continuous tenses: form, meaning and use

Session Vocabulary

  • scruffy
    not neat or clean

    casual
    informal and comfortable

    smart
    neat and stylish

    formal
    serious, important clothes for special events, for example, weddings

    fashionable
    new and popular