Session 2

Is this session, we look at adjectives and adverbs. We'll do some revision, point out some useful tips, test your knowledge, and finish with a fun summary in 6 Minute Grammar.

Sessions in this unit

Session 2 score

0 / 19

  • 0 / 10
    Activity 1
  • 0 / 9
    Activity 2
  • 0 / 0
    Activity 3

Activity 2

Are you working hard?

Or hardly working?

So, are you working hard right now?

Whether you are or not, we have a question: what is the word hard in that sentence?

It's an adverb – it gives more information about the way you are working.

But hard can also be adjective: it's a hard job, that bed is hard.

Hard is an example of a word which is both an adjective and an adverb. Other examples are:

  • Fast
  • Late
  • Early
  • High

In that case, what does hardly mean? Actually, it's not connected to hard – it means barely, only a little. So if you're hardly working, you're not working very much at all!

Similarly, these are examples of adverbs which don't always mean what you think:

  • Lately (means recently: How have you been lately?)
  • Highly (means favourably: His boss thinks highly of him)

Note 1

After sense verbs like look, taste, smell, feel and sound, we often use the adjective form, as if it was an adverb:

  • That sounds bad / You look angry / She smells terrible / I feel awful

Note 2

Also, it's good to remember that not all words ending in –ly are adverbs. For example:

  • That was a silly thing to do. (Adjective)
  • He was a bully at school. (Noun)
  • You have to apply for the job. (Verb)

Complete the activity

To do

Let's do an exercise where you have to select the right word. It could either be an adverb or an adjective, regular or irregular.

Karl and his problem...

9 Questions

Select the right word. It could either be an adverb or an adjective, regular or irregular.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! You scored:
x / y

Next

Well done. Hope you now feel a bit more confident about using adjectives and adverbs! And to help you really make sure – listen to 6 Minute Grammar, next!

Session Grammar

  • Adjectives

    Tell us about nouns and pronouns:

    • Mark is unhappy
    • They are beautiful

    They have no particular form:

    • Happy, sad, green

    Though some can be made by adding suffixes:

    • Fun / funny, child / childlike, care / careful

    Adverbs

    Tell us about verbs, adjectives and other adverbs:

    • He drove slowly
    • It was a very sunny day
    • He counted the money really carefully

    Most are made by adding –ly:

    • Serious / seriously, quiet / quietly, total / totally

    But others have no pattern:

    • Soon, well, never, quite, often, already, just

Session Vocabulary