Unit 1: English Together 2

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Session 7

In today’s episode we will be discussing the threats facing animals in different countries.
निरनिराळ्या देशांत प्राण्यांना काय धोके आहेत ते आजच्या भागात ऐकणार आहोत. 


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    Activity 1

Activity 1


In today’s episode we will be discussing the threats facing animals in different countries.
आजच्या भागात वेगवेगळ्या देशात प्राण्यांना कुठले धोके आहे ते  जाणून घेऊया.
Approximately what percentage of turtle doves (an English bird) have disappeared in the last twenty years?
- 50%
- 75%
- 90%
Listen ahead to discover the answer!  

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Show transcript Hide transcript

नमस्कार मित्रांनो,Hello and welcome to English Together. असा शो, जिथे आपण शिकतो निरनिराळे विषय आणि त्या संबंधित शब्दांबद्दल. मी तेजाली आणि आज माझ्या बरोबर आहे...

Hi everybody! I’m Tom. Thanks for joining us again!                

Hello, I’m Sam! Today’s episode is going to begin a little differently. I’m going to play you a clip from  -- C Radio 4 documentary called Extinct

Oh! Extinct म्हणजे नामशेष झालेले, right?

That’s right. We say ‘extinction’ to describe the process of becoming extinct. Listen to the clip, which animal does the presenter say is in danger of extinction (or of becoming extinct)?

We're on a river flowing through the countryside of Assam in North-East India. A fisherman casts his net from the bank into this tributary of the mighty Brahmaputra.

Yes, there are dolphins. Just where these two currents are, there are dolphins.

The Ganges river dolphin, foraging where two branches of the river meet. This used to be a common sight throughout the whole Brahmaputra and Ganges river systems, but its rarity these days is leading us to think that this species ultimate fate might be the same as its Chinese cousin, the Yangtze river dolphin, declared functionally extinct.

अरे बापरे... किती वाईट! मला आठवतंय, ब्रम्हपुत्रेच्या पात्रात 'एक' डॉल्फिन दिसलेला. आणि त्याउलट आपल्याकडे कोकण किनारपट्टीवर थंडीच्या दिवसात डॉल्फिन्सचं दर्शन सहज होतं. कधी त्यांच्या पाठीवरचं फक्त टोकच दिसतं तर कधी हवेत मस्त उसळी मारून ते सगळ्यांना दर्शन देतात  किती मस्त वाटतं तेव्हा!

So, which species of animal are under threat in your country?

Species म्हणजे प्रजाती. Under threat means धोका असलेल्या–सध्या महाराष्ट्रात माळढोक म्हणजे Great Indian Bustard हा पक्षी नामशेष होण्याच्या मार्गावर आहे. आधी वाघांबाद्दलही तसंच होतं पण आता वाघांबद्दल ऐवढे प्रयत्न चालू आहेत की त्यामुळे वाघांची संख्या पुर्वपदावर येतीये.    

Well, let’s turn this into today’s question. In Britain we have a beautiful bird called the turtle dove. What percentage of UK turtle doves have disappeared in the last 20 years?

a) 50 %
b) 75%
c) 90%

All of those numbers are huge! Who’s counting these birds?


Well, in this survey, it’s the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. But just because they’re counting them, it doesn’t mean they’re accountable.

Right! To be accountable म्हणजे जबाबदार असणे. There’s so much wildlife in our country though! And, if nobody owns it, who has accountability for looking after it?

Maybe the government, maybe all of us, I’m not sure. I suppose we all need to help with conservation, really.

Conservation म्हणजे संवर्धन. वन्यप्राण्यांच्या संवर्धन आणि संरक्षणासाठी भारतात अनेक ठिकाणी त्यांचे मूळ अधिवास अभयारण्य म्हणून घोषित करण्यात आले आहेत. अनेक स्वयंसेवी संस्था, लोक आणि सरकारही या प्राण्याचं संरक्षण व्हावं म्हणून अनेक प्रयत्न करत आहेत त्याबद्दल जागरुकता निर्माण करणे, अंधश्रद्धा दूर करणे, त्यांचे अधिवास जतन करणं असे प्रयत्न सतत चालू असतात.

Unfortunately, in my opinion, with population growth continuing at the current rate, it’s only going to get more difficult for animals! They are already hunted, eaten and used for clothes!

That’s quite a pessimistic view, Tom.

Pessimistic म्हणजे निराशावादी. Animals are often treated badly,  but I think people are becoming more aware of environmental factors.

Yes, the study by the RSPB said that farming was one of the main causes for environmental destruction. The fact that they’re reporting on this, and that we’re talking about it now, shows that people are thinking seriously about these things!

Yes, surely that’s a cause for optimism, आशावादी?

Well, I’m not convinced. Try telling that to the turtle dove. How many of them are left?!

Ah! Not many, unfortunately. Let’s give you the answer to today’s quiz. According to the survey, more than 90% of the British turtle dove population has disappeared since 1995.

Oh no! That’s so sad.

Hopefully our awareness has been raised enough to limit the rate of extinction, though?


There’s that optimism again! I think it’s a disaster already, actually!

Fair enough, I don’t disagree with you on this occasion, actually.

मला वाटतं एवढे सगळे प्रयत्न चालू आहेत तर या प्राण्याचं संरक्षण होण्यात नक्कीच मदत होईल. आजचा भाग संपवण्याआधी आजचे शब्द पुन्हा ऐकू.
आज आपण प्राणी extinct म्हणजे नामशेष होण्याच्या धोक्याबद्दल बोललो. आपण conservation म्हणजे संवर्धनाबद्दल बोललो. टॉम वन्यजीवांच्या परिस्थितीबाबत pessimistic, निराशावादी आहे, यात काही फारसं करता येईल असं त्याला वाटत नाही; पण सॅम मात्र याबद्दल optimistic, आशावादी आहे.
प्राण्यांच्या संरक्षणाबद्दल तुमचं काय मत आहे? प्राण्याचं अस्तित्व धोक्यात आहे असं वाटतं का तुम्हाला? आमच्या फेसबुक पेज वर आम्हाला नक्की सांगा. पुन्हा भेटू English Together च्या पुढच्या भागात. Bye!

या प्रश्नाचं योग्य उत्तर निवडून तुम्हाला हा भाग कित्पण समजलाय ते तपासा.

This word appears in several forms in the episode. Extinct is a word we use to describe a species (प्रजाती) of animal which no longer exists. We often using the verb ‘become’ with extinct.
The process of becoming extinct is called extinction.

Polar bears are in danger of becoming extinct.

We use the passive voice to emphasise the person or thing that is affected by a change. It is often used in the context of extinction. We form the passive using (be) + past participle.

Rhinos are killed for their horns.
The dodo was hunted to extinction.

When someone has a positive attitude to something we can say that they are optimistic. The noun form is optimism.
Conversely, when someone has a negative way of thinking about things, we can say that they are pessimistic. The noun form is pessimism

The people are optimistic that the new government will be effective.
After the other team scored four goals, there was a sense of pessimism amongst the football fans.


4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
योग्य उत्तर निवडा.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! You scored:
x / y

Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
English Together चे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयावर बोलणार आहोत.

Session Vocabulary

  • pessimistic
    नामशेष, विलुप्त, नष्ट होणे
    धोका असणे
    (to be) accountable
    जपणूक, संरक्षण