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## Session 5

In today's One-minute English Phil will explain how to use real conditionals.
फिल आजच्या भागात आपल्याला real conditionals चा वापर कसा करायचा ते सांगणार आहे.

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Activity 1

## Activity 1

### Real conditionals

In today's One-minute English Phil will explain how to use real conditionals.
फिल आजच्या भागात आपल्याला real conditionals (जर-तर, संकेतार्थी) चा वापर कसा करायचा ते सांगणार आहे.

Watch the video and read our language summary to answer the questions in the quiz.

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Hi guys, it's Phil from BBC Learning English. Today we're going to look at how we can make conditional sentences easy.

So let's start with a real conditional, something like "If it rains tomorrow, I'll bring an umbrella". It's real because it might happen… guys, it's London, it might happen, it might rain tomorrow.

To make them, you just need to remember that there are two bits, the 'if' bit and we've got the results bit. For the if bit, just use a present tense, for the results bit we can use 'will' like the future. The other thing to remember is that the order doesn't matter, you can put them any way round.

# Function/वापर

We use real conditionals to describe future possibilities.
भविष्यातल्या शक्यता दर्शवण्यासाठी 'real conditionals' चा  वापर करतात.

We use them when one possible result depends on something else happening.

जेव्हा गोष्टी परस्पर संबंधित असतात, एकमेकांवर अवलंबून असतात तेव्हा याचा वापर होतो.

If I finish work early, I'll go shopping.
If I wake up early tomorrow, I'll make a big breakfast.

If we use a real conditional it means that we believe that something is genuinely possible.
आपण रिअल कंडिशनलचा वापर करतो याचा अर्थ, एखादी गोष्ट खरोखर शक्य आहे यावर आपला विश्वास असतो.

# Structure /रचना

## Positive form: सकारात्मक

if + present tense + will future
जर + वर्तमान काळ + भविष्यकाळ

If I like the music, I'll dance
I'll dance if I like the music

Negative form: नकारात्मक

We add do + not to the 'if' clause to make the negative form.
नकारात्मक लिहिण्यासाठी if नंतर do + not लिहावं

If I don't like the music, I'll go home.
I'll go home if I don't like the music.

Question form: प्रश्नार्थक

To make a question, swap will and the subject in the result clause.
प्रश्न विचारताना will आणि कर्ता यांच्या जागेची अदला बदल करावी.

If I make dinner, will you stay?
Will you stay if I make dinner?

## Game: Real conditionals

4 Questions

तुम्हाला काय काय समजलंय या भागातलं? चला या प्रश्नांची उत्तर देऊन तपासू.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! You scored:
x / y

## Extension: other verbs and tenses

We have looked at examples of real conditionals using the following:
आपण real conditionals ची ही उदाहरणं बघितली:-

• present simple in the if clause म्हणजे, उपवाक्यात if सोबत साधा वर्तमान काळ वापरला.
• 'will' in the results clause म्हणजे, जे होणार आहे त्यासाठी 'will' वापरलं.

But, did you know, you can also:
पण तुम्ही हे असं पण वापरू शकता :-

• Use any present tense in the if clause: this means that the condition does not have to be in the present simple e.g. उपवाक्यात if असेल तर  वर्तमान काळ वापरा : म्हणजे ती शक्यता वर्तमान काळात नसेल.

If the road has been blocked by snow by tomorrow morning, I won't go to work.

If it is still raining on Friday, I won't got to the beach.

• Use other modal verbs in the results clause - this might say how likely you think the results are.
शक्यता किंवा गरज दर्शवणाऱ्या इतर सहाय्यकारी क्रियापदांचा (modal verbs) वापर : यावरून घडणाऱ्या घटनेची शक्यता किती ते समजायला मदत होते.

If it snows on Friday, I could build a snowman - but I don't really want to.

If it snows on Friday, I might build a snowman - but I'm not sure