Session 21

Today we are discussing ways we can improve our memory.
स्मरणशक्ती कशी वाढवायची त्याची युक्ती आजच्या भागात जाणून घेणार आहोत.

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

How can we improve our memory with a pencil?

Today we are discussing ways we can improve our memory.
स्मरणशक्ती कशी वाढवायची त्याची युक्ती आजच्या भागात जाणून घेणार आहोत.

Before you listen/Pre-listening

Consider the following questions:

-How do you remember the things you need to do?
- What else can you do with a pencil, apart from drawing?

 

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

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Tejali
Hello ऐकलंत का? Listen Here! मध्ये तुमचं स्वागत मी तेजाली आणि माझ्या सोबत आहे रॉब.

Rob

Hi

Tejali
What are you doing, Rob?

Rob

I’m writing a to-do list.

Tejali
‘A to-do list’ म्हणजे कामाची यादी. But you’re normally good at remembering what you need to do.

Rob
I’m really busy at the moment. If I don’t write things down, I forget them!

Tejali
चला, बीबीसीच्या रेडियो 4 मधली एक क्लिप ऐकू. यात संशोधक स्मरणशक्तीबद्दल सांगतायत. लक्षात ठेवण्यासाठी यादी करणं हा एक सोपा उपाय झाला. पण अजून एखादा उपाय तुम्हाला कळला तर? चला, त्याबद्दलची एक युक्ती जाणून घेऊया.

The researchers basically show that you get people to draw objects, or draw lists of objects, and in comparison to where you just write down the list, drawing has this really powerful impact. One of the things that happens is by drawing these particular objects that it leads to this increased contextual representation of the object in one's mind.

Rob
So, apparently drawing a list of objects is the easiest way to remember them. He says drawing lists ‘has a really powerful impact’.

Tejali
That’s correct!   आता सुरुवातीचा भाग पुन्हा ऐका. लिहीणं आणि चित्र काढणं यातला फरक कसा सांगितलाय?    

Insert
…and in comparison to where you just write down the list, drawing has this really powerful impact.

Rob
He says ‘in comparison to’.

Tejali
‘In comparison to’ याचा वापर दोन गोष्टींची तुलना करताना किंवा त्यातला फरक दाखवताना होतो. So, Tom, in comparison to British food, I think Indian food is much better!

Rob
Ha! Good example. We could also use ‘as opposed to’. I could say ‘drawing has a powerful impact on memory, as opposed to just writing’.

Tejali
Let’s continue. As opposed to writing, चित्र काढणं किंवा रेखाटन करणं का प्रभावी आहे याबद्दल यात काय म्हटलंय ते ऐका.
Drawing has this really powerful impact. Ah, so there's pictorial aspects, there's verbal aspects, there's many different codes which the authors talk about which lead to this increased representation. It makes a lot of intuitive sense, the idea that if you have encoded something in a greater level of detail, it's likely you are more likely to remember it.

Rob
So, he mentions that drawing provides us with a greater level of detail, which leads to increased representation of objects.

Tejali
‘Representation’ म्हणजे प्रतिनीधीत्व. पण इथे याचा अर्थ घेतलाय, ती वस्तू अधिक चांगल्या रीतीने लक्षात राहते किंवा मनात ठसते.    

Ah, so there's pictorial aspects, there's verbal aspects, there's many different codes which the authors talk about which lead to this increased representation.

Rob
He repeated the word ‘aspects’.He said ‘pictorial aspects’ and ‘verbal aspects’.

Tejali
‘Aspects’ म्हणजे दृष्टीकोन किंवा पैलू. ‘Pictorial’ म्हणजे चित्रात्मक. ‘Verbal’ म्हणजे शाब्दिक.  

Rob
So, by considering different aspects of an object, such as how it looks and the words we use to describe it, our brain is more engaged and more likely to remember details.

Tejali
बरोबर आहे. या दोन्ही पैलूंना ‘codes’ म्हणजे संकेत म्हटलंय ज्यातून आपल्याला अर्थ जाणून घेण्यासा मदत होते. याचा शेवटचा भाग ऐकू परत. Code कशा प्रकारे वापरलंय?  

It makes a lot of intuitive sense, the idea that if you have encoded something in a greater level of detail it's likely you are more likely to remember it.

Tejali
यात म्हटलंय ‘encoded’. म्हणजे सांकेतिक, संकेतात रुपांतर केलेलं.‘Encode’ म्हणजे माहितीचं आपल्याला समजेल अशा प्रकारे रूपांतर करणे.

Rob
There’s another use, too! If you ‘encode’ a foreign language, it means that you know how to use it correctly.

Tejali
So, the grammar we teach today will help you to encode your future speech in English!

Rob
Hopefully, yes!

Tejali
आता परत एकदा शेवटचं ऐकू ... ‘it makes a lot of sense’? या वाक्याकडे जरा नीट लक्ष द्या, कुठले शब्द वापरलेत यात?

It makes a lot of intuitive sense, the idea that if you have encoded something in a greater level of detail it's likely that you are more likely to remember it.

Rob
He said ‘it makes a lot of intuitive sense’. ‘Intuitive’ means based on feelings rather than facts. And I agree - it does feel as if drawing things could aid memorizing them.

Tejali
आपण आज शिकलो A to-do list म्हणजे कामाची यादी, in comparison to म्हणजे तुलना करायची झाली तर, as opposed to म्हणजे या उलट बघायला गेलं तर, aspect म्हणजे पैलू किंवा बाजू, pictorial म्हणजे चित्रात्मक, verbal म्हणजे शाब्दिक,  code म्हणजे संकेत ,encode म्हणजे संकेतात रूपांतर केलेलं, intuitive चला पुढच्या भागात भेटू.

See you next time! Bye!

Language features

in comparison to

In comparison to is a phrase we use to compare something against something else. After ‘to’ we use a noun or noun phrase.

When you look at our prices in comparison to our competitors, you’ll realise that this is a much cheaper place to shop!

A similar expression is compared to. This uses the verb form, compare, and is less formal that using the noun form of in comparison to.

Compared to England, Spain is really a rather hot country!

as opposed to aspect

As opposed to is used to introduce a contrasting comparison. Other similar phrases are ‘instead of’ or ‘rather than’, although both of these are less formal than as opposed to.

As opposed to just voting for the same political parties each year, perhaps it’s time to broaden our minds and listen to both sides of the debate.

Son, I’m happy you’re taking steps to improve your future, as opposed to just lying in bed all day.

In basic terms, an aspect is a part of something.


I do get tired of marking books, but I suppose that’s just one of the aspects of being a teacher. 

It can also refer to the ways that something appears.

There’s a bright, happy aspect to this school in summertime.

Aspect can also refer to direction.

 I just can’t think of a way out of this situation. I’ve examined it from every aspect! I’ll just have to tell the police what really happened.

 

How can we improve our memory with a pencil?

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
रिकाम्या जागी योग्य शब्द भरा.

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Join us for our next episode of Listen Here! when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Listen Hereचे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयांवर बोलणार आहोत.

Session Grammar

  • to-do list
    कामाची यादी 
    aspect
    पैलू, दृष्टीकोन 
    pictorial
    चित्रात्मक 
    verbal
    शाब्दिक 
    code
    संकेत 
    encode
    संकेतात रुपांतर करणे 
    intuitive 
    अंतर्ज्ञानातून आलेले 

Session Vocabulary