Session 18

Thor, Batman, Captain America, Superman… The number of superhero films is on the rise – but why are we so fascinated by them?
थॉर, बॅटमॅन, कॅप्टन अमेरीका, सुपरमॅन...कितीतरी सुपरहीरो चित्रपट आहेत- पण माणसाला सुपरहीरोंचं  एवढं आकर्षण का वाटतं?

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Why are we so fascinated by superheroes?

Are superhero films just a form of escapism, or is there a deeper reason for our love of these heroes?

सुपरहीरो चित्रपट फक्त वास्तवापासूनची  पळवाट आहेत  की खरंच आपल्याला सुपरहीरोज आवडतात?

Before you listen (ऐकण्याआधी)

Consider the following questions:

  • -Do you enjoy superhero films? Which is your favourite?
  • -What do you think we can learn from superhero films?
  • -Do you think there are too many superhero films?

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

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Tejali
हॅलो, ऐकलंत का, Listen here मध्ये तुमचं स्वागत. मी तेजाली.

James
And this is James, welcome back! So, have you seen that new superhero movie?

Tejali
सुपरहिरो, which one?

James
Well that's a very good point! There are so many superhero films nowadays – it seems like there's a new one every month!

Tom
That's so true – you just can't seem to escape them!

 Tejali
लहानपणीचा शक्तिमान ते आत्ताचे अव्हेन्जर्स! सुपरहिरोंबद्दल आपल्याला नेहमीच आकर्षण वाटतं. पण हे का वाटतं? कुठून आले हे सुपरहिरो आणि आजच्या घडीला त्यांचं एवढं महत्त्व का आहे? या सगळ्याची उत्तरं शोधणार आहोत बीबीसी रेडिओच्या 'The Why Factor' या कार्यक्रमातल्या एका क्लिप मधून. याच्या पहिल्या भागात, हे सुपरहिरो नक्की कुठून आले याबद्दल स्पीकर काहीतरी बोलतायत. ग्रीक पुराणांमधे titan या संकल्पनेचा उल्लेख आढळतो. Titan म्हणजे प्रचंड शक्तीमान व्यक्ती, देवासारखी व्यक्ती.  

Insert
These modern, mythical, magical titans emerged from twentieth century comic books, but they're descended from ancient heroes - Hercules and Odysseus, the Nordic Thor, the Babylonian Gilgamesh. Why do they endure?

Tom
So our modern day superheroes are descended from ancient civilizations and their Gods.

Tejali
Descended from
म्हणजे परंपरेने चालत आलेलं. Origins म्हणजे मूळ.

Tom
So superheroes originate from myths of the ancient world.

James
Ahhh Tom! You just demonstrated today's language feature. You said myth – it sounds similar to one of the words the presenter used.

Tejali
Mythम्हणजे मिथककथा किंवा दंतकथा. यासाठी इथे आणखी कुठला शब्द वापरला आहे ?

Insert
These modern, mythical, magical titans...

Tom
He said mythical, and I said myth – these are two forms of the same word. Myth is a noun, but mythical is an adjective. It ends with '-al', the sound is 'ul', which shows it is an adjective.

Tejali
इंग्रजीमध्ये आपण शब्दाला प्रत्यय लावून तो शब्द बदलू शकतो. उदा. टॉम आणि जेम्सने '-al' प्रत्यय लावून नामापासून विशेषनाम तयार केलं. दुसरं उदाहरण– origin आणि originate. Origin हे नाम आहे, त्याला जेव्हा '-ate' हा प्रत्यय लागला तेव्हा ते क्रियापद झालं. आणखी एक उदाहरण पाहू - To fascinate म्हणजे मोहक, भारावून टाकणारं; हे क्रियापद आहे. त्यापासून fascination म्हणजे मोह, आकर्षण हे नाम तयार झालं.

Tom
Well, this fascinates me, but let's get back to our original topic – why are we fascinated by superheroes?

Tejali
आता पुढची क्लिप ऐकूया – या क्लिपमध्ये आपल्याला सुपरहिरोंबद्दल एवढं का आकर्षण वाटतं त्याबद्दल काहीतरी म्हटलं आहे.

Insert
I think with superheroes, it's essentially, at the heart of it, it's morality tales. It's exploring good and evil and the blurring of those two things and the ways that we deal with those things. And looking at social justice and human justice in a way that's sort of larger than life and colourful, but at the heart of it is essentially about right and wrong.  

James
He gives two reasons for why we are fascinated with superheroes – firstly, they are larger than life.

Tejali
त्यांचं 'Larger than life' म्हणजे भव्यदिव्य, चित्तवेधक असणं हे आपल्याला भावतं. अशी माणसं सर्वसाधारण माणसांपेक्षा वेगळी असतात, जास्त आकर्षक असतात.

Tom
Secondly, he said that superhero stories deal with morality, good and evil, right and wrong.

Tejali
Morality
म्हणजे नैतिकता. So people like superheroes because they look at real world problems like social justice and talk about what is right and wrong. Social justice, म्हणजे सामाजिक न्याय.

James
Let's listen to the speaker again – how does he say 'with those'?

Insert
And I think with superheroes, it's exploring good and evil and the blurring of those two things and the ways that we deal with those things.

Tom
He said 'deal with those things'. Because 'with' ends with /th/ and 'those' begins with the same sound, we just say the sound once. Can you demonstrate that for us James?

James
Absolutely! Listen and repeat after me.
with
those
with those

Tom
Well, thanks for helping with those difficult sounds at the end of the episode James!

Tejali
आज इथेच थांबू, Listen here चा हा भाग तुम्हाला नक्की आवडला असेल, पुन्हा भेटू पुढच्या आठवड्यात, Bye!

Listen to today's clip in full here

Source: The Why Factor

Language features

Word-Building

In English, we can change the form of a word by adding a suffix – for example, we can change a verb to a noun, a noun to an adjective or an adjective to a verb.

Different types of words have different suffixes. For example, nouns can end in…
-ness,
-ity
-ment
(as well as many other suffixes.)

Some common adjective endings are…

-al
-ious
-able/-ible

-ful/-less

It isn't always possible to add a suffix to change a word, so check your dictionary to see different word forms.

Why are we so fascinated by superheroes?

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ग्य उत्तर निवडा.

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Join us for our next episode of Listen Here! when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Listen Hereचे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयांवर बोलणार आहोत.

Session Vocabulary

  • titan
    शक्तीशाली

    descended from
    परंपरागत चालत येणे 

    origin
    उगम
    originate
    उगम होणे
    myth
    दंतकथा, मिथककथा 

    magical
    जादूई

    magic
    जादू

    fascinate
    मोह

    fascination
    अाकर्षण

    moral
    नैतिक

    morality
    नैतिकता

    larger than life
    भव्यदिव्य

    blurring
    अस्पष्ट होणे

    social justice
    सामाजिक न्याय

    superhero
    सुपरहीरो