Session 2

Listen to find out how to give someone advice in English.
ጽን ኢልኩም ብምሰማዕ ብኸመይ ንሐደ ሰብ ምኸሪ ከምትህቡ ተማሃሩ።

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

How do I give advice?

'should' ወይ 'have to' ክንጥቀም እንከለና ኣየናዮም ምኽሪ ክንህብ እንከለና ይሕይል።

ጽን ኢልኩም ብምስማዕ፡ መልስታትኩም ገምግሙ። ካብኡ ኣብ ታሕቲ ቀሪቡ ንዘሎ ጽሑፍ ኣወዳድርዎ።

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ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሰላም፣ እንቋዕ  ናብ መደብ English how do I ብድሓን መጻእኩም። ኣነ ተኽልማርያም በኪት ኢየ፡ ምሳና'ውን ሲያን ኣላ።

Sian
And I'm Sian. Hello, everybody. 

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ኣብዚ መደብ'ዚ ንየዕሩኽትና ብዝተፈላለዩ መገድታት ክንመኽሮም ዘኽእሉና ዝርርብ ክንድህስስ ኢና። ገለ ሰባት ብዛዕባ ትምህርቲ ቋንቋ እንግሊዝ ዝህብዎ ምኽሪ ብምስማዕ መደብና ክንፍልሞ። ንሕጂ እምበኣር እቲ ዝበለጸ ምኽሪ እትብሎ ወስን።

Inserts
You should write a diary in English.

How about watching films in English?

You have to visit BBC Learning English.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ኣብዚ ዝርርብ ገለ ሓገዝቲ ምኽርታት ኔሮም! እቲ ቀንዲ ሓጋዚ ኣየናይ ከምዝነበረ ወሲንኩም'ዶ? ስለዚ ሲያን፡ ነቶም ምኽሪ ኣብ ምሃብ እንጥቀመሎም ቛንቛታት'ዶ ክንርኢ?

Sian
Yes! The first speaker used the verb 'should'. This is very common for giving advice.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
እወ። ን 'should' ስዒቡ ዝመጽእ እንታይ ከምዝኾነ ኣስተውዒልኩም'ዶ? ግሲ ድዩ ወይስ ግሲ ምስ 'to'?

Sian
Let's listen again and find out.

Insert
You should write a diary in English.

Sian
Yes, they used the verb 'write' without 'to'. So after 'should' you just need the verb, no 'to'.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ስለዚ ድሕሪ 'should' 'to' ኣየድልየናን ኢዩ።

Sian
Now, let's quickly practise the pronunciation together! Repeat after me: 'should'.

'should write'

'You should write a diary.'

Sian
OK, great! So now let's look at another way to give advice – we also heard 'how about..?'

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
እወ, ን 'how about' ስዒቡ እንታይ ከምዝመጽእ ተዓዚብኩም'ዶ?

Sian
Let's listen again and find out.

Insert
How about watching films in English?

Sian
So, they used the verb 'watching'. So after 'how about' you need the verb with 'ing'.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ቅኑዕ መልሲ፣ ስለዚ 'ing' ዝበሃል ግሲ የድሊ። ኣብ ኣደማምጻ ተጠንቀቑ-ሕቶታት ስለዝኾኑ፡ ድምጽኹም ክብ ክብል ኣለዎ።

Sian
Let's quickly practise the pronunciation together! Repeat after me: 'How about watching films?'

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Great, we have one more way to give advice, don't we?

Sian
That's right – 'have to'. But this is much stronger.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ስለዚ ሓደ ሰብ ንሓደ ነገር ግድን ክገብሮ ኣለዎ ዝብል ስምዒት ምስዝህልዎ፡ 'have to' ክንጥቀም ንግደድ። Let's listen again:

Insert
You have to visit BBC Learning English.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ስለዚ 'have to' ብመሰረታዊ ግሲ ይስነ።

Sian
Yes, so 'have' and 'to' together are pronounced hafta. Repeat after me: 'hafta'.

'You hafta visit.'

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Thanks, Sian. ሕጂ ነዞም ኣደነቕቲ ዝኾኑ ኣገባባት ምኽሪ ምሃብ ተማሂርኩም ኣለኹም። ዝተረፈ ከኣ ናትኩም ምልምማድ ኢዩ ዘድሊ። ኣቐዲምና ናይቲ ሰብ ጸገም ንስምዓዮ።  

Insert
I have a really bad headache.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሕራይ, ስለዚ 'headache' ሕማም ርእሲ ማለት ኢዩ። ሕጂ ገለ መድሃኒት 'some medicine' ክወስዱ 'take' ኣማኽር። 'should' ንዝብል ግሲ ክትጥቀሙሉ ትኽእሉ'ዶ? ጸኒሕኩም ምስ ናይ ስያን ምኽሪ ከተወዳድርዎ ኢኹም።

Sian
You should take some medicine.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Did you say the same?

ሕጂ ናይቲ ሰብ ጸገም ስምዕዎ።

Insert
I really want to get fit.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሕራይ፣ ስለዚ 'get fit' ኣካላትካ ብግቡእ ህነጾ።  'join a gym' ምውስዋስ ኣካላት ከዘውትሩ'ዶ ምመኸርካ፣ ኣብዚ ግዜ'ዚ 'how about' ዝብል ተጠቐሙ። ደሓር ምስቲ ናይ ስያን ምኽሪ ኣወዳድርዎ፡ ነቲ ኣደማምጻን ኣበሃህላን ምቕዳሕ  ኣይትሕመቁ።

Sian
How about joining a gym?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Did you say the same?

Sian
Ok, so now you know how you give advice to your friends. I think you should practise this now – find a friend and give them some advice – nicely!

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ጽቡቕ ሓሳብ! ኣብ ዝመጽእ ሰሙን ብዝሓሸ ክፋል ናይ 'How do i? የራኽበና። ደሓን ኩኑ!

Sian
Bye!

Learn more!

ንመሓዛ በየናይ ኣገባብ ተጠቂምና ምኽሪ ክንህብ ንኽእል?

ነዚ ዝስዕብ ክትጥቀሙ ትኽእሉ።

  • You should
  • How about
  • You have to

ሕይል ዝበለ ርእይቶ ክንህብ እንተደሊና እንታይ ዓይነት ኣሰራርዓ ንጥቀም?

'have to' ተጠቂምኩም ሓያል ርእይቶ ሃቡ።

እዚ ኣሰራርዓ ኩሉ’ዶ መሰረታዊ ግሲ ይኽተል?
ብዘይካ 'how about' ብ 'the verb + ing' ዝኽተል ኩሎም ብመሰረታዊ ግሲ እዮም ዝኽተሉ። 

  • You should write a diary in English.How about watching films in English?
  • You have to visit BBC Learning English.

How do I give advice?

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.

ቁኑዕ መልሲ ምረጹ።

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ቋንቋ እንግሊዝ ከመሓይሹ ንዝደልዩ ሰባት እንታይ ዝበለጸ ምኽሪ ምሃብኩም።
What's your best piece of advice for someone who wants to improve their English?

ኣብ ፈይስ ቡክና  ኣካፍሉና።
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ኣብ ዝቕጽል መደብ How do I…, ኣገደስቲ ናይ ኢንግሊዝኛ ዝርርብ ሒዝናልኩም ክንቀርብ ኢና’ሞ ብሰላም የራኽበና።
Join us for our next episode of How do I? when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.

Session Vocabulary

  • a diary
    ዕለታዊ መዝገብ

    a headache
    ሕማም ርእሲ

    take medicine
    መድሃኒት ውሰድ

    get fit
    ኣካላትካ ብግቡእ ህነጾ

    a gym
    ቦታ ምውስዋስ ኣካላት