Session 13

Listen to find out how to talk about how you feel.
ከመይ ጌይርና ብዛዕባ ዝስመዓና ስሚዒታት ከምእንዛረብ ጽን ኢልኩም ስምዑ።

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

How do I talk about how I feel?

ወላእኳ '-ed' ኣብ መወዳእታ ናይ ብዙሐት ቃላት ንጠቐመሉ እምበር፡ ዝተፈላለየ መንገዲታት ኣደማምጻ ኣለዎ።
ናይ እዞም ዝስዕቡ ቃላላት ናይ መወዳእታ ኣደማምጻ እንታይ ኢዩ።

relaxed
bored
excited

ጽን ኢልኩም ብምስማዕ፡ መልስታትኩም ገምግሙ። ካብኡ ኣብ ታሕቲ ቀሪቡ ምስ ዘሎ ጽሑፍ ኣወዳድርዎ።

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ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሰላም፣ እንቋዕ ናብ መደብ How do I… ብድሓን መጻእኩም። ኣነ ተኽልማርያም በኪት ኢየ፡ ምሳና’ውን ቶም ኣሎ።

Tom
Hello, everybody. Welcome to today’s episode!

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ኣብዚ ክፋል እዚ፡ ብዛዕባ ዝስመዓና ስሚዒታት ከመይ ጌይርና ከምእንዛረብ ክንምሃር ኢና። ክብድ ዝበለ እንተመሰሉ ኣይትሻቀሉ ጽኒሕ ኢልና ክንሕግዘኩም ኢና። ሕጂ ነዞም ሰለስተ ተዛረብቲ ጽን ኢልኩም ስምዑ። እንታይ ዓይነት ስምዒታት ይገልጹ ኣለዉ?

I’m relaxed because I have the day off.
I’m bored because I don’t have anything to do.
I’m excited because it’s the weekend.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ተረዲእኩም’ዶ? እቲ ቀዳማይ ተዛራቢ ‘relaxed’ ተዛንየ ኢሉ። እቲ ካልኣይ ተዛራቢ ‘bored’ ሰልኪዮኒ ኣሎ ኢሉ። እቲ ሳልሳይ ተዛራቢ ድማ ‘excited’ ተሓጊሰ ኣሎኹ ኢሉ።

Tom
But they also provide reasons about why they feel this way.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
So, Tom፡ ስምዒታትና ከመይ ከምእንገልጽ ክትመሃሩ ድሉዋት ዲኹም?

Tom
Yes, I am. Let’s do that!

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
መጀመርታ እቶም ተዛረብቲ ብ ‘I’m’ ይጅምሩ። ቀጺሎም ንስምዒቶም ዝገልጹሉ ቃላት ይጥቀሙ። ቶም ነቲ ኣደማምጻ ክትደግሞ ትኽእል’ዶ?

Tom
Of course! All the words used by the speakers to describe feelings end in the letters ‘-ed’, but these have different sounds!

Listen to the first speaker.

I’m relaxed because I have the day off.

‘Relaxed’ ends in a /t/ sound.
relaxed

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሕጂ ነዚ ካልኣይ ተዛራቢ ጽን ኢልኩም ስምዑዎ። እታ ናይ መወዳእታ ድምጺ ናይ ካልኣይቲ ቃል እንታይ ነይራ።

I’m bored.

Tom
Did you get it? ‘Bored’ ends with a /d/ sound.
bored

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ነዚ ናይ መወዳእታ ተዛራባይ ስምዕዎ። ናይ መወዳእታ ድምጺ ናይታ ስሚዒት እንታይ እዩ።

I’m excited.

Tom
That one was a strong sound! ‘Excited’ ends with an /Id/ sound.
excited

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ኣዝዩ ጽቡቕ ኣደማምጻ! ኩሎም ተዛረብቲ ስሚዒቶም ገሊጾም። ስሚዒታት ድማ ብኩነታት ይዉሰኑ። ነቲ ኩነታት ንምግላጽ ድማ ‘because’ ይጥቀሙ። ጽን ኢልና ንስማዕ።

I’m relaxed because I have the day off.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
እቲ ቀዳማይ ‘the day off’ ስለዘሎዎ ‘relaxed’ ኣሎ። ሓደ ነገር ክንገልጽ ምስንደሊ ብፍላይ ንስምዒት ዝምልከት ኣብ መወዳእታ ‘-ing’ ክንዉስኽ ንኽእል።

Tom
That’s right! A day off makes us feel ‘relaxed’. So, a day off is ‘relaxing’.
Say it again with me:
relaxing

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Excellent! ንፉዓት፡ ሕጂ ግዜ ፈተና እዩ! እዚ ተዛራባይ ስምዒቱ ንምግላጽ እንታይ ዓይነት ቅጽል ይጥቀም ኣሎ።

I’m bored because it’s Monday.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
‘Ing’ ብምዉሳኽ ስምዒትና ክንገልጽ ምስ እንደሊ ከመይ ጌይርና ንሰኑይ ንገልጻ። ነዛ ምልእቲ ሓሳብ ምሳይ ወድኡዋ።
Mondays are ________.

Tom
‘Boring’. Did you get it? Say it again with me:
Mondays are boring.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Good job! ሕጂ ካልእ ሕቶ ንፈትን፡ እዚ ተዛራባይ እንታይ ይስምዖ ኣሎ?
I’m excited because it’s the weekend.

Tom
So, the weekend makes him feel ‘excited’. How can we describe the weekend using ‘–ing’?

That’s right! Exciting! Say it with me:
The weekend is exciting.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Nice work! ኣይትረስዑ፡ ሓደ ነገር ስምዒትና ዘለዓዕል እንተኾይኑ ‘-ing’ ንጥቀም። ከምዚ ክብል ይኽእል እየ፡ እንግሊዝኛ ምምሃር ‘exciting’ እዩ።

Tom

That’s right! Learning is ‘exciting’, which means that I’m ‘excited’!

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ቅድሚ ምውዳእና ካብ ቶም ኣደማምጻ ቃላት ንመሃር።

Tom
Relaxed, bored and excited.
and
Relaxing, boring, exciting.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
‘Excited’ ኮትኮኑ ተሰፋና እዩ። ኣብ ዝመጽእ ‘exciting’ መደብ የራኽበና። See you then!

Tom

See you then, everybody! Bye!

Learn more!

1. ስሚዒታትና ንምግላጽ እንታይ ዓይነት ቃላት ንጥቀም።
We use the verb ‘be’ to talk about feelings። ቕድሚ ስምዒትና ምግላጽና ‘I feel’ ክንጥቀም ንኽእል።

2. ኩሉ ንስሚዒትና ንምግላጽ እንጥቀመለን ቃላት ብ '-ed' ይውድእ።
ኣይፋልን፡ እንተኾነ ግን ከምኡ ልምዲ ኣሎ።
ነዞም ክልተ ቃላት ምስ ዝገልጻ ቃለት ወይ ቅጽል ‘adjectives’ ንጥቀመሎም

-ed ንዝስምዓና ስምዒት ንምግላጽ ንጥቀመሉ።
-ing ስሚዒትና ዘለዓዕለና (ጠንቂ) ንምግላጽ ንጥቀመሉ።

I am excited about learning a new language.
Learning a new language is exciting.

ከመይ ጌይርና ዝስመዓና ስሚዒታት ክንዛረብ ንኽእል።

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ቅኑዕ መልሲ ምረጽ።

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Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! You scored:
x / y

Tell us how you’re feeling (and why) on our Facebook page!
እንታይ ከምዝስመዓኩም ኣብ ፈይስቡክና ኣካፍሉና

Join us for our next episode of How do I…, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ኣብ ዝቕጽል መደብ How do I…, ኣገደስቲ ናይ ኢንግሊዝኛ ዝርርብ ሒዝናልኩም ክንቀርብ ኢና’ሞ ብሰላም የራኽበና።

Session Vocabulary

  • relaxed
    ዝተዛነየ

    relaxing
    ዘዛኒ

    bored
    ስልቹው

    boring
    ዘሰልቹ

    excited
    ታሕጓስ

    exciting
    ዘሕጉስ

    weekend
    ቀዳመ-ሰንበት

    day off
    መዓልቲ ዕረፍቲ

    (to have) nothing to do
    ስራሕ ኣልቦ