Vocabulary Reference

How do I say no politely?

I'm busy
Hojitu natti baay’ata

theatre
tiyaatira

How do I ask for information politely?

the nearest supermarket
supparmaarkeetii as dhihoo

the toilet
mana fincaanii

Excuse me!
Dhiifama/na hofkalchi!

Sorry!
Dhiifama!

Sorry to bother you.
Si rakkisuukootiif dhifama

How do I give directions?

left
bitaa

right
mirga

the first…
…jalqabaa

the second…
lammaffaa

road
daandii

supermarket
supparmaarkeetii

cinema
sinimaa

How do I talk about my habits?

always
yeroo hunda

often
yeroo mara

sometimes
al-tokko tokko

hardly ever
tasumaa

never
gonkumaa

once
al-tokko

twice
al-lama

three times
al-sadi

How do I talk about my abilities?

football
kubbaa miilaa

to play (football)
(kubbaa miilaa) taphachuu

cooking
bilcheessa

to cook
bilcheessuu

dancing
shubbisa

to dance
shubbisuu

to speak (a language)
(qooqa) dubbachuu

How do I compare two things?

cheap
rakasa

expensive
qaalii/mi’aa

healthy
fayya-qabeessa

clean
qulqulluu

thin
qal’aa

How do I compare more than two things?

nice
dansa

tasty
miyaawaa

delicious
mishaadha

good
gaarii

bad
badaa

cheap
rakasa

long
dheeraa

fun
gamachiisaa

pretty
bareeda

lovely
jaalatamaa

interesting
namatti tola

exciting
ajaa’ibsiisaa

How do I talk about being ill?

a cold
qufaa

the flu
qufaa/utaalloo

a cough
qufaa

a sore throat
miidhama qoonqoo/laagaa

a headache
bowwoo mataa

a stomach ache
dhukkuba/ciniinnaa garaa

a toothache
dhukkuba ilkaanii

an earache
dhukkuba gurraa

a backache
dhukkuba dugdaa

How do I respond to news?

a driving test
qormaata konkolaachisaa

the lottery
lotorii

lost (past simple of ‘lose’)
bade/gate(si’a darbee ‘baduu/gatuu’)

How do I talk about what food is in my kitchen?

in the fridge
firiijii keessa

a pepper
qaaraa/barbaree

an onion
qullubbii diimaa

cheese
baaduu

milk
aannan

eggs
killeewwan

tomatoes
timaatiimiiwwan

carrots
kaarotiiwwan

an omelette
omileeta