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Session 4

Can we control pain?
In today’s episode we will be discussing whether it’s possible to control physical pain.

वेदना नियंत्रित करता येतील का?
आजच्या भागात वेदनेच नियंत्रण कसं करता येईल याबद्दल आपण बोलणार आहोत.

 

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Can We Control Pain?

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Tejali
नमस्कार मित्रांनो, English Together, मध्ये तुमचं स्वागत. इथे आपण चर्चा करतो निरनिराळे विषय आणि त्यासंबंधित शब्दांबद्दल. मी तेजाली आणि माझ्याबरोबर आहे सॅम आणि टॉम.

Sam
Hi, I’m Sam.

Tom
And I’m Tom. Welcome to the programme!

Tejali
आपला मेंदू हा एक अफाट शक्ती असलेला अजब कॉम्पुटर आहे. एकाच वेळी तो अनेक काम करत असतो. एका संशोधनानुसार, मेंदूला प्रशिक्षण देऊन शारीरिक वेदना नियंत्रित करता येतात. ते कसं ते आपण आज बघणार आहोत.
पण त्याआधी , नेहेमीप्रमाणे एक प्रश्न...कुठलं हाड "fracture" झालं तर तुम्हाला जास्त दुखेल?
a) पाय
b) मान
c) पाठ

Sam
Mmm, I’m going to guess the neck. That sounds really painful!

Tom
More painful than your back? I’m not sure about that!

Tejali
Ok, guys,..ठीक आहे. आता आपण बातमीत काय सांगितलंय ते ऐकू.

News insert
Can we control the pain we feel? New research has shown how brain imaging is being used to help us understand pain, and also pain relief. The study included following a group of very young children taught to cope with pain in a karate class through a series of breathing exercises. The exercises helped the brain change the messages sent from the hurt part of the body so that the messages were either reduced or completely stopped. With fewer signals sent to the brain, the result was less pain.

Sam
Wow! Do you think it might be possible for us to control our physical pain, Tom? Wouldn’t it be incredible if we could?

Tom
Yeah, incredible is probably the right word. We’re not superheroes, you know. People can’t just control pain.

Sam
But in the story it talked about how children are learning to cope with pain during martial arts classes, like karate. “Cope” means to control, doesn’t it?

Tejali
Something similar... To “cope with” means म्हणजे आलेल्या परिस्थितीची यशस्वी सामना करणे. Like we do with Tom!

Sam
Aw! Don’t worry, Tom. You’re not that difficult to cope with, really.

Tom
Very funny.

Sam
No, but seriously. The story talks about how pictures of the brain are helping us understand pain and pain relief. I think that’s so cool.

Tejali
Yeah.. it is. वेदनाशमन, वेदना कमी होणे किंवा थांबणे म्हणजे “pain relief”.. पण that’s what painkillers are for?

Tom
Exactly! What else is there to understand about pain relief? You take a pill and the pain hopefully goes away. I don’t need any pictures of the brain to help me understand that.

Sam
Ok, but what if there was an alternative to taking a pill? They say that too many painkillers are bad for your stomach, and they will eventually stop working.

Tom
Well, then you just take more tablets. I used to play football, I got injured all the time. I had to take painkillers, I couldn’t just push through.

Tejali
Oh that’s bad Tom! “Push through” म्हणजे सहन होणं, सहन करणं. अगदीच त्रास झाला तर ठीक आहे, पण वेदनाशामकंच्या अतिसेवनामुळे शरीराला त्याची सवय होउन नंतर ती लागू पडत नाहीत. You played football, Tom?

Tom
Yes, thank you. I broke my ankle once, and it was far too painful to push through without any help.

Sam
Yeah, I remember that. Those were a fun few weeks…

Tejali
And talking of breaking bones, it’s time for the answers. काय विचारलेलं मी तुम्हाला? कुठलं हाड मोडल तर जास्त वेदना होतात? याचं उत्तर आहे पाठीचं हाड म्हणजे मणका. कोणाकोणाचं उत्तर बरोबर आलं?

Sam
Oh, my neighbour broke his back once, and he actually said that natural remedies really helped him.

Tejali
Really? “Remedies” म्हणजे उपचार/ उपाय. Did natural remedies really help with back pain?

Tom
Yeah, don’t tell me natural remedies helped! Next you’re going to say that breathing helps with pain!

Sam
Actually, I am! That’s what they taught those children in their martial arts class - breathing exercises to help with pain!

Tom
How much pain can children really experience in an exercise class, anyway?

Tejali
Do children even know what real pain is?

Sam
Of course they do, guys! And research shows that breathing can really help.

Tom
Yeah, and so does magic…

Sam
Oh, I think I need some breathing exercises right now!

Tom
And you can see if they help!

Tejali
Ha ha, breathe you two! अरे अरे.. शांत व्हा ... हा .. श्वास घ्या जरा. Let’s ask our audience.
तर.. तुम्हाला पटतंय का हे? खरंच श्वासाद्वारे शरीराच्या वेदना कमी होऊ शकतात? मी शक्यतो "painkillers" नाही घेत. तुम्ही काय करता, do you "push through" की लगेच "pain killer" घेता? तुम्ही कधी नैसर्गिक उपाय केले आहेत का? “natural remedies" वापराल्या आहेत का तुम्ही कधी?

आणि आजचा एपिसोड संपण्याआधी आजचे शब्द. ते सगळे शब्द शरीराच्या वेदनेबद्दल होते.
“to cope with” परिस्थितीशी यशस्वी सामना करणे; “pain relief” म्हणजे वेदनाशामक औषधे ; “to push through” म्हणजे सहन करणे, “a remedy” म्हणजे उपाय.

पुन्हा भेटू English together च्या पुढच्या भागात ... Bye!

 

Check what you’ve learned by selecting the correct option for the question.

यातलं बरोबर उत्तर निवडा. बघूया तुम्हाला काय काय समजलंय. 

 

Can We Control Pain?

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.

योग्य पर्याय निवडा. 

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English Together चे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा.  तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयावर बोलणार आहोत.

Session Vocabulary

  • to cope with
    परिस्थितीशी यशस्वीरीत्या सामना करणे

    pain relief
    वेदनाशमन

    to push through
    सहन करणे

    a remedy
    उपाय

    incredible
    अतुलनीय

    painkillers
    वेदनाशामक

    ankle
    घोटा