Session 44

In today’s episode we are discussing the causes and effects of flooding around the world.

이번 레슨에서는 홍수의 영향에 대해 논의해보겠습니다.

Sessions in this unit

Session 44 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Flooding

In today’s episode we are discussing the causes and effects of flooding around the world.
이번 레슨에서는 홍수의 영향에 대해 논의해보겠습니다.

Quiz

How many people around the world have been affected by floods in the last twenty years?

a) 50 million
b) 1 billion
c) 2 billion

Listen to find the answer!

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Show transcript Hide transcript

Kee
안녕하세요? English Together 에 오신 것을 환영합니다. 저희 프로그램에서는 최신 주제에 대해 얘기해보고 관련 표현을 알려드리고 있습니다. 저는 김기환 입니다. 오늘은 Tom과 Sian 함께 할게요.

Tom
Hi everybody, I’m Tom and it’s pretty wet here in the UK at the moment, isn’t it, Sian?

Sian
It certainly is! Hello everybody! Today we’re going to be talking about floods and flooding.

Kee
네 Flood는 홍수 입니다. Flooding은 홍수가 일어나는 상황을 묘사하는 것인데요, 자 그럼 여기에서 오늘의 질문을 드릴게요. 영국 Channel 4뉴스에 따르면, 지난 20년동안 몇 명의 사람들이 홍수로 부터 피해를 받았을까요?

1) 오천만 명
2) 10억명
3) 20억명

정답을 알려드리기 전에, BBC Radio 4의 Costing the Earth 프로그램의 한 부분을 들려드릴게요. 진행자가 최근 영국에 일어난 홍수들의 원인이 무엇이라고 하는지 들어보세요.

News
Mark Gimmett is just one of the thousands of people who watched as their homes and belongings were ruined this summer by the worst floods in sixty years. The weather was, of course, the main cause, but 75% of our land is farmland and today Costing the Earth is asking if intensive farming is contributing to the problem and if farmers should be made to change the way they farm to help avoid more floods.

Tom
So, the presenter mentioned how, mainly, the weather was responsible for floods but she also suggested that farming might have something to do with it, too.

Sian
I’m not sure, to be honest. People seem to blame farming for lots of things at the moment. It’s not the farmers’ fault that rivers are swollen, is it?

Kee
Swollen은 부어 오른 이라는 뜻입니다. 무언가가 부어오르다 라는 동사Swell의 분사형인 swollen을 형용사로 사용해서, 강의 물이 불다 라고 말할 수 있어요. 그리고 흔히 우리가 다쳐서 어딘가가 부어오르다 라고 말할 때에도 swell과 swollen을 사용할 수 있습니다.

Sian
Correct, it’s not a very positive adjective, generally. Why do you think she blames farming, anyway?

Tom
She spoke about the quality of land used in farming. There’s an idea that as soil becomes eroded, it becomes less able to hold water.

Kee
Eroded는 침식 입니다. 그래서 soil erosion 토양침식이 생기면, 땅 자체가 약해질 수 있다는 것입니다.

Sian
Exactly! So with more water and less stable land, is it any surprise that rivers burst their banks?

Kee
그렇습니다. 강의 제방을 river bank라고 하고, to burst는 터뜨리다 라는 뜻인데요, 그래서 강이 burst its bank라고 하면 강의 물이 넘치다 라는 뜻 입니다.

Sian
Have any rivers near you ever burst their banks?

Kee
아니요, 그런 적은 없어요. 강의 물이 넘치면 매우 위험 할 수 있을텐데요, 영국은 홍수에 대해 어떤 보호대책이 마련되어 있나요?

Tom
Well, in London we do have a flood barrier to make sure that we aren't swept away but it’s getting very old.

Kee
네 sweep away는 무언가를 완전히 없애다 라는 뜻이고 A floor barrier는 홍수 장벽을 말합니다.

Sian
Anyway, talking of flooding around the world, can you give us the answer to today’s quiz?

Kee
네 그럼요. Channel 4 news 에 따르면, 지난 20년 동안 홍수로부터 피해를 받은 사람은 23억 명이 넘는다고 합니다. 정답은 C 였습니다. 

Tom
That’s more or less a quarter of the world’s population! Maybe flood barriers aren’t working well enough and we need some other preventative measures?

Kee
Preventative measure는 예방책 입니다.

Sian
I know what measures I’m going to take to prevent my stuff getting damaged in floods.

Tom
What’s that Sian?

Sian
I’m going to buy a flat at the top of a very tall building. Perfect!

Tom
But if the soil around the building gets eroded, the building will be dangerous and it will be unstable.

Sian
Ah, oh yeah…

Tom
Never mind, you’ll have to find a new plan, Sian.

Kee
다른 계획을 새워야 할 것 같아요 Sian! 오늘도 청취해 주셔서 감사합니다. 다음 English Together에서 다시 만나요. Bye!

Meaning & Use

[to be] swept away

To sweep away means 'to remove something quickly and completely'. Floods often sweep away land, property and other things. Often, when talking about floods, we want to emphasise the things the flood has damaged. We then use the passive, [to be] swept away.

  • Be careful when you go swimming! The sea can sweep you away, even if you are a strong swimmer!
  • Houses and bridges were swept away in the recent floods.

swollen

If something is swollen it is 'enlarged' (larger than normal). The verb is to swell. We often use swollen as a negative adjective to describe something being larger than it should be. It is often used in the context of injuries.

  • My thumb was swollen for a week after I fell off my bike!
  • Swollen ankles are a common football injury.

erosion

Erosion is 'the process of slow or gradual destruction'. Often, water can be a main cause of erosion. The verb is to erode and the adjective is eroded.

  • People in the towns are concerned that the old bridge has suffered from erosion and is no longer safe.
  • The castle walls were once very strong, but over time they have been eroded by the weather.

 

Flooding

4 Questions

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Session Vocabulary

  • flooding
    홍수

    flood barrier
    홍수 장벽

    swollen
    (강의 물이) 불다

    soil erosion
    토양 침식

    to sweep away
    휩쓸려 가는

    to burst
    터뜨리다

    river bank
    강의 제방

    preventative measures
    예방 대책