Session 42

In today’s episode we will be discussing why, all over the world, women live longer than men.

이번 에피소드에서는 왜 전 세계적으로 여자들이 남자들보다 더 오래 사는지에 대해 알아보세요.

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Why do women live longer than men?

In today’s episode we will be discussing why, all over the world, women live longer than men.
이번 에피소드에서는 왜 전 세계적으로 여자들이 남자들보다 더 오래 사는지에 대해 알아보세요.

Quiz

Women live longer than men – what is the gap in life expectancy between the sexes? Is it:

a) 2 years
b) 4 years
c) 6 years

Listen to find the answer!

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Show transcript Hide transcript

Bolam
여러분 안녕하세요? English Together에서 오신 것을 환영합니다. 저희 프로그램에서는 최신 주제에 대해 얘기해보고 관련 표현을 알려드리고 있습니다. 저는 손보람입니다. 오늘은 Sam과 Tom 함께 할게요.

Sam
Hi, I'm Sam.

Tom
And I'm Tom. Hi everybody, thanks for joining us again!

Sam
Do you want to know something interesting, Tom?

Tom
Ok, but I don't usually love your 'interesting facts', Sam!

Sam
Well, you're probably not going to like this one, either, because…I'm going to live longer than you.

Tom
You're going to live longer than me?! How do you know?   

Bolam
Tom 여자가 남자보다 오래 산다는 말이 있죠. 그래서 Sam이 아는 거에요. 세계 보건기구에 따르면 2000년에서 2016년 사이에 세계 평균 수명이 5.5년 늘었다고 해요. 그리고 여전히 여성이 남성보다 더 오래 산다고 하네요. 그럼 오늘의 질문 나갑니다. 남여사이의 평균수명 차이는 몇 년일까요?

a)     2 년
b)     4 년
c)     6 년

Tom
Oh, so it's not that big a gap! 6 years isn't so bad!

Bolam
답은 잠시후에 알려들리게요. 일단 뉴캐슬 대학교의노화 역학자  Carol Jagger 교수가 이 차이의 이유를 설명하는  BBC 인터뷰를 들어보도록할게요.

Carol Jagger
Men seem to be less health-seeking and when they're ill, they will tend to go to the GP less often than women, and they will adhere less to treatment than women do. Women seem to be programmed to live longer to care for the next generation and there’s some evidence that that carries on even further into grand-parenting, as well. Though I'm not saying that men are disposable, but women are needed to look after and bring up the next generation.

Sam
So, basically, men are worse at looking after themselves than women. They go to the doctor's less, and adhere less to the treatment the doctor gives.

Bolam
'To adhere to treatment' 치료를 따르는 이라는 뜻인데요. 그러니까 남자들은 여자들 보다 의사들이 하는 말을 잘듣지 않는 것 같네요.

Tom
Well, that's not true! I always adhere to what the doctor says. After all, they are the experts. In fact, I'm definitely health-seeking, as well!

Bolam
'To be health-seeking' 건강을 추구하는 이라는 뜻입니다. 그럼 Tom, Tom이 병원에 자주간다는 뜻이에요?

Tom
Well, not often, but if I need to go, I will. Everybody in my family is health-seeking. We're not professional medics, so we listen to what they say!

Sam
Well, that's very good, Tom, but you're in the minority. Men are more likely to die of cancer and heart disease than women, and men drink, smoke and take more drugs than women.

Tom
Hang on, that's not entirely fair. There are also other factors that contribute to men dying younger, too. We tend to do riskier jobs and tend to do more dangerous activities, for example.  

Bolam
That's true. 'To tend to do something' 어떤 것을 하는 경향이 있다.. 라는 뜻입니다.

Sam
OK, but some of that is also your choice. Men tend to be attracted to risk, and women tend to focus on looking after their families. So we have to live longer or what would happen to the future of the human race?!

Bolam
자 이쯤에서 아까 드린 질문 답을 알려드릴까요? 남여 사이에 평균수명 차이가 얼마인지가 문제였죠?  네 정답은 4.4년으로 B였습니다.

Tom
Ha, 4 years? That's nothing! Sam, are you saying that women are responsible for the future of the human race all on their own and that men are disposable?

Bolam
'To be disposable' 일회용의, 처분 가능한 이라는 뜻입니다.

Sam
Of course not! I don't think you're disposable at all! How would I do this programme without you?

Tom
Well, if your facts are correct, you'll have to one day! In fact, you'll have to do it for 4 years.

Bolam
오늘도 함께해주셔서 감사합니다. 다음주에도 English Together에서 만나요. Bye!

Meaning & Use

to adhere to something

When you adhere to something, you support or believe in an idea or plan or opinion. We often use it in a sentence with the words: ‘idea’, ‘plan’, ‘opinion’, ‘view’, ‘belief’.

Please stop trying to change things. Let’s adhere to the plan we’ve already discussed and agreed.
Paul doesn’t adhere to the view that technology improves our lives. He lives without electricity and loves it!

treatment

When used in the context of medicine, treatment describes the process of giving medical care.

We follow it with the preposition of when we mention the disease.

We are working on a new drug for the treatment of tropical diseases.

If you are a patient, you ‘receive’ or ‘undergo’ treatment for something.

She’s currently undergoing treatment for cancer.
My brother is receiving treatment for a severe stomach bug.

to tend to do something

If you tend to do something, you usually do a particular thing, or something is generally true.

In London, people tend to use public transport to travel to work.
It’s cheaper and quicker than driving.

to be disposable

If something is disposable, it is designed to be thrown away after it is used once or a few times.

Rather than using disposable razors, my father uses an old-fashioned razor blade to shave.

Check what you’ve learned by selecting the correct answer for the question.

배운 것을 정리해보고 아래 질문에 대답해보세요.

Why do women live longer than men?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.

배운 것을 정리해보고 아래 질문에 대답해보세요.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! You scored:
x / y

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.

다음 English Together 에피소드를 통해서, 보다 실용적인 영어 표현을 배우고, 영어 듣기도 연습해 보세요.

저희 Facebook 그룹에 가입하셔서 매일 매일 영어 공부를 하세요!

Session Vocabulary

  • to adhere to something
    ~을 고수하다

    treatment
    치료 (medical treatment)

    to be health-seeking
    의료 치료를 찾는

    to tend to do something
    ~하는 경향이 있다

    to be disposable
    버릴 수 있는

    the GP (General Practitioner)
    의사, 주치의

    the downsides
    불리한 면

    to be programmed to do something
    어떻게 행동하도록 만들어지다

    riskier
    더욱 위험한