Session 38

Should we pay kids to do homework?

In today’s episode we will be discussing whether children should be paid to do their maths homework.

Session 38 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Should we pay kids to do homework?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • homework
  • responsibility
  • financial inducement

Quiz

According to the OECD how much homework do British 15-year-olds do every week? Is it:

a) nearly 10 hours
b) nearly 5 hours
c) nearly 15 hours

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Show transcript Hide transcript

Bolam
여러분 안녕하세요? English Together에서 오신 것을 환영합니다. 저희 프로그램에서는 최신 주제에 대해 얘기해보고 관련 표현을 알려드리고 있습니다. 저는 손보람입니다. 오늘은 Tom과 Phil 함께 할게요.

Phil
Hi, I’m Phil.

Tom
And I’m Tom, hi everybody, welcome to today's episode.

Bolam
오늘은 아이들과 숙제에 대해 얘기해볼 건데요. OECD에 따르면 영국의 15세 어린이들은 숙제를 일주일에 몇 시간이나 할까요?

a) 약10 시간
b) 약5시간
c) 약15시간
어떻게 생각해요 Phil?

Phil
I don’t know what the answer is, but I think 15 hours a week sounds about right. 3 hours a night's quite a long time, but I think it's fair – children should be studying, it's important.

Tom
Well, I'm not going to say it isn't important, but surely they need to have time to play, as well – life isn't just about work. I think about an hour a night is more than enough, so I'd say for the quiz, nearly 5 hours.

Phil
Play is fine, but let's be honest, if you haven't got a good understanding of language, maths and science, then you're not going to be that successful as an adult.

Bolam
그럼 다음 뉴스는 어떻게 생각하는지 궁금하네요. BBC World Service의 World Update에서 아이들이 수학 숙제를 하면 돈을 주는 어플에 대해 얘기했는데요. 들어볼게요.

News presenter
8 years ago Mohamad Jebara designed an online maths programme for children, mildly successful, but six months ago he added another dimension - children would be paid real money if they completed their maths exercises and according to Mr Jebara, their performance skyrocketed…

…So we've been testing this with a pilot group over the last six months, we have seen that 75% of them are completing their three exercises in a week, which is about an hour's worth of work in the week..

Bolam
자, 어떻게 생각하세요?

Phil
Oh come on, that's ridiculous – people should take studying seriously, not just do it for the money.

Tom
I thought you want them to stop doing frivolous things like playing, no?

Bolam
Frivolous 하찮은 이라는 뜻이죠.

Phil
Yeah, but I want them to be driven by the importance of learning. I don't think this does that.

Bolam
Driven ~에 의해 움직여지는 이란 뜻이죠? 배움을 위해 스스로 driven 움직이는 것 정말 중요하죠.

Tom
So, you don't think that cold, hard, cash is a driver for people to learn?

Phil
No, that's not a real ‘driver’ – it's just financial inducement – we should be better than that.

Bolam
Financial inducement 금전적인 유인책 이라는 뜻인데요 사실 이런 금전적 동기가 모든 것을 움직이고 있지 않나요?

Tom
Well, yeah that’s what I was going to say. Inducing people to do something with money isn’t always bad. Isn’t that why we get paid for working in the first place? I think there's something good about showing people that there's an upshot to the choices that they make.

Bolam
Upshot 결과 라는 뜻입니다. 아이들도 모든 행동엔 결과가 있다는 것을 배워야 한다고 생각하지 않나요?

Phil
Well, yes but shouldn’t the upshots be about learning? Why does everything have to be about money?

Tom
Because it's teaching people responsibility, and if it means they learn maths at the same time, that's great! If you think homework is a good thing, you should be happy about this, Phil.

Bolam
네. 다시 숙제이야기가 나온 김에 오늘 문제의 정답을 알려드릴게요. 영국의 15세 어린이들은 일주일에 숙제를 몇 시간 하는지가 문제였죠? 정답은 b. 약 5시간입니다. OECD에 따르면 정확하게는 4.9시간이라고 하네요.

Tom
Yes, I got the answer right and that sounds sensible – time to study, and time to have a life, as well.

Phil
Hmm… doesn’t seem enough to me… maybe they do need the financial inducements.

Tom
I thought you said that motivation should come from somewhere else?

Phil
Maybe you convinced me….

Tom
Now, there's a first!

Bolam
시간이 다 되어가니 오늘 배운 것들 정리해볼게요. Frivolous 하찮은, driven ~에 의해 움직여지는, financial inducement 금전적 유인책, upshot 결과 이렇게 였죠? 오늘도 함께해주셔서 감사합니다. 다음시간에 English Together에서 또 만나요~

Meaning & Use

frivolous (adjective)

Something that is frivolous is not serious or unimportant.

  • Where to sit is such a frivolous thing to argue about.
  • I get really annoyed when people describe my job as frivolous.
  • I think playing videogames is a frivolous way to spend time.

driven (adjective)

Someone who is driven has a strong desire to achieve something.

  • She was so driven to get fit, that she went to the gym every day.
  • He was very driven and worked hard every day.
  • You need to be driven if you want to succeed.

financial inducement (noun)

A financial inducement is a sum of money intended to convince someone to do something.

  • Her job offered her enough of a financial inducement to move cities.
  • The low tax rate was a financial inducement for companies to move there.
  • She thought that her bonus was a good financial inducement to work hard.

upshot (noun)

The upshot of something is the consequence or result.

  • The upshot of the discussion, was that we decided to do things differently.
  • The company introduced a dress code. The upshot of that was that many people left their jobs.
  • They had a massive argument yesterday. The upshot of that is they won't talk to each other.

Should we pay kids to do homework?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.

올바른 정답을 선택하세요.

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Session Vocabulary

  • homework
    숙제

    performance
    성과

    importance
    중요함

    responsibility
    책임감

    frivolous
    하찮은

    driven
    의욕이 넘치는

    financial inducement
    금전적인 유인책

    repercussion
    영향