Session 12

Why do we need sleep?
In today’s episode we will be discussing how sleep is related to our health.

Hirriba maaliif barbaanna?
Kutaa har’aa keessatti hiribbi akkamiin fayyaa keenya waliin akka walqabatu mari’anna.

Session 12 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Why do we need sleep?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • heart disease
  • diabetes
  • Alzheimer’s

Quiz

Who sleeps the longest on average? Is it:

a. newborn babies
b. teenagers
c. the elderly

Listen to the discussion about why we need sleep and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

Show transcript Hide transcript

Caalii
Yooyyaa! English Together Afaan Inglizii waliwajjin mata duree tibbanaa irratti mari’annuu fi qooqa dubbachuun si barbaachisu si qoodnutti baga nagana dhufte. Ani Caaliidha, akkasumas Saamii fi Toom naa waliin jiru.

Sam
Hi, I’m Sam. Welcome to the programme!

Tom
And I’m Tom. Hello everyone!

Caalii
Har’a waa’ee hirribaa dubbana. Hundi keenyayyu hirriba ni barbaanna, garuu muraasni keenyammoo kanneen biroorra daran barbaanna. Teessuma isaa biyya Ameerikaa kan godhate dhaabbanni Hirribaa Biyyoolessaa irraa gaafiin argame kunooti: Giddugaleessatti yeroo dheeraaf eenytu rafa?
a. Daa’imman dhiyoo dhalatan
b. dargaggoowwan
c. jaarrolee

Tom
I think it might be C. the elderly, because my grandfather falls asleep all the time. In fact, sometimes he even falls asleep at the dinner table!

Sam
I don’t know. Teenagers can stay in bed for days!

Caalii
We’ll give the answer later in the programme! Ammammoo, odeeffannoo waa’ee maaliif hiriba rafuun nubarbaachise jedhurratti jalqabaa kan NPR irratti dhihaate kana haacaqasnu.

News insert
The recommendation from the World Health Organisation is that adults should sleep 8 hours a night, but why? The answer lies in the results of recent studies, which show that there is a direct connection between how long we sleep and how long we live. Matthew Walker, from the Centre for Human Sleep Science at the University of California, Berkeley, says the less you sleep, the more at risk we are from heart disease, diabetes, Alzheimer’s and more, confirming that short sleep predicts a shorter life.

Tom
Do you know, I never get 8 hours of sleep a night… I’m busy, I have other things to do apart from go to sleep.

Sam
Tom, the news story says that’s not good for you! If you’re sleep-deprived, you could have health problems.

Caalii
‘Sleep-deprived’ jechuun hirriba gahaa rafuu dhabuudha.

Tom
But isn’t everybody sleep-deprived these days? I mean, who really gets 8 hours of sleep a night? I know I don’t, for sure!

Sam
I do! I always make sure I get at least 7.5 hours a night.

Tom
How? You’re a really early riser!

Caalii
‘Early riser’ jechuun dursanii dammaqu. Yeah, Sam, you’re always at work so early.

Sam
I’ve always been an early riser, so I just make sure I go to bed early. And I never use my phone, or computer, or drink any coffee before I go to bed.

Tom
Mmh, that might be my problem. I always have a coffee after my dinner...and then I can’t sleep...and then I’m exhausted the next day.

Caalii
‘Exhausted’ jechuun bututtu/ mudhukuu. Coffee is not a good idea, Tom.

Sam
Yeah, you always look exhausted in the morning.

Tom
Thanks! That’s why I always need a coffee.

Sam
How many hours of sleep do you get, Tom?

Tom
Probably about 6 hours of sleep a night.

Caalii
Yeroon amma kun battalee duraan hojjenetti deebi’uuf yeroo gaariidha: Eenyutu yeroo dheeraa rafaa?
a. Daa’imman dhiyoo dhalatan
b. dargaggoowwan
c. manguddoowwan
Deebiin kanaa: Daa’imman dhiyoo dhalatanii dha.

Sam
So, how can we make sure you get more sleep, Tom?

Tom
Well, you don’t need to worry about me, because I always have a lie-in at the weekend.

Caalii
‘Have a lie-in’ jechuun ciisicharra turu/ siree keessa turu. But do you think it’s possible to ‘catch up’ qaqqabuu/ bira gahuu on sleep?

Sam
Yeah, I don’t think you can pay back the sleep you missed by having a lie-in.

Caalii
And you need to stop drinking coffee...

Tom
Ok, you two, have you finished? I’m exhausted just listening to you now! In fact, I think I need a coffee.

Caalii
It’s only because we care, Tom!
Atihoo? Halkan sa’aa 8 ciistamoo ‘sleep-deprived’ taate jirta? Sanbatta fi Dilbata ‘have a lie-in’ feetaa?
Torban kanaaf nagaa otoo sitti hindhaamiin dura, waa’ee jechoota har’a dubbachaa ture haa’ilaallu - hundisaanii hirriba/ciisicha waliin kan walqabataniidha: ‘sleep-deprived’ hirriba gaha dhabuu, ‘an early riser’ kan dursee damaqqu, ‘exhuasted’ bututuu/mudhukuu, fi ‘to have a lie-in’ cisaa turuu.
Turtii waliin qabaanneef galatoomi; barnoota dabalataa English Together’n torban ittaanu walitti deebina.

 

Meaning & Use

sleep-deprived (adjective)

If you are sleep-deprived it means that you are 'suffering from not enough sleep'. We use the verb 'to be'.
Doctors and nurses are often sleep-deprived because they work such long hours and often through the night.

The adjective sleep-deprived is made up of the words sleep, which is a noun here (but can also be a verb), and the adjective deprived. They are joined by a hyphen. Deprived comes from the verb to deprive, which means 'to prevent someone from having or using something'. 
If the drought continues, it will deprive the farmers, their animals and their land of much-needed water.

You can also use the noun deprivation, which means 'the lack of something considered to be a necessity'.
He is suffering from serious sleep deprivation at the moment - he hasn't been to bed for two days!

exhausted (adjective)

Exhausted means 'very tired'. 
She returned exhausted from a long day at work.

Because it describes an extreme feeling, it is not possible to make it stronger by using 'very', but we can use 'really' or 'absolutely'.
I just ran 5 miles for the first time in ages. I'm absolutely exhausted! 

an early riser (noun phrase)

An early riser is 'a person who gets up early in the morning'.
I wish I could be an early riser, but I've never been a morning person. I envy people who can get up early without difficulty!

to have a lie-in (noun phrase)

To have a lie-in means 'to stay in bed after the normal time that we get up'. 
I absolutely love having a lie-in on Sunday! It's my favourite thing about the weekend. 

A lie-in is the noun, and to lie in (without the hyphen) is the verb.
James finds it difficult to lie in beyond 8:00 o'clock on his days off. He's too used to getting up early for work.

Why do we need sleep?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
Deebii sirrii ta’e fili.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! You scored:
x / y

Over to you!

Do you get eight hours of sleep a night or are you 'sleep-deprived'? Do you like to 'have a lie-in' at the weekend? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Barnoota English Together ittaanu kan dandeettii caqasuukee ittiin shaakaltuufi qooqa barbaachisoo barannutti walitti deebina.

Session Vocabulary

  • sleep-deprived
    hirriba gahaa dhabuu

    exhausted
    dadhabbuu

    an early riser
    kan dursee hirribaa ka’u

    to have a lie-in
    ciisicharra turu/siree keessa turu

    to catch up
    qaqabuu

    heart disease
    dhukkuba onnee

    diabetes
    dhukkuba sukkaaraa

    Alzheimer’s
    dhukkuba dagachuu