Learning English

Inspiring language learning since 1943

English Change language

Session 4

Listen to Roy and Georgina talk about how our environment can cause or prevent stress and how to use vague language.
మన చుట్టూ ఉండే వాతావరణం మన మానసిక పరిస్థితి మీద ఎలాంటి ప్రభావం చూపిస్తుందనే విషయం గురించి Roy and Georgina మాట్లాడుతున్నారు. వినండి.

Sessions in this unit

Session 4 score

0 / 3

  • 0 / 3
    Activity 1

Activity 1

Can our environment cause or prevent stress?

ఆడియో వినండి. Vague language - అస్పష్ట భాష గురించి తెలుసుకోండి.

Listen to the audio and complete the activity

Show transcript Hide transcript

సౌమ్య
హలో, New English Together కార్యక్రమానికి స్వాగతం. మన చుట్టూ ఉండే వాతావరణ పరిస్థితులు మన మనస్థితి మీద ఎలాంటి ప్రభావం చూపిస్తాయో చూద్దాం. ఈమధ్య బీబీసీ వెబ్‌సైట్‌లో స్కాట్‌ల్యాండ్‌లోని ఒక స్కూల్ గురించి  ఒక ప్రత్యేకమైన ఆర్టికల్ రాసారు. ఆ ఒక స్కూలు చాలా విశాలంగా ఉండి, గాలి, వెలుతురు బాగా ప్రసరిస్తూ, మంచి రంగులద్దిన గోడలు, వినూత్నమైన అంశాలతో నిండి ఉందిట. అందులో చదువుతున్న పిల్లలు ఎంతో ఆనందంగా, సరైన దృక్పథంతో, లక్ష్యంతో చదువుకుంటున్నారట. ఆ స్కూల్ నిర్మాణం, ఆకృతి, రంగులు స్కూలు పిల్లల మీద సానుకూల ప్రభావాన్ని చూపిస్తున్నాయనే అర్థంలో రాసారు.

ఇలా మన చుట్టూ ఉన్న వాతావరణం, మనకు వినబడే శబ్దాలు, చూస్తున్న రంగులు మన మీద కలిగించే ప్రభావం గురించి Roy, Georgina మాట్లాడుకుంటున్నారు. విందాం. వీళ్లు మాట్లాడుతున్న భాష మీద దృష్టి పెట్టండి. కొన్ని విషయాల గురించి మనకు Precise - అంటే కచ్చితమైన సమాచారం లేకపోవచ్చు. ఉదాహరణకు biggish అన్నారనుకోండి. అంటే అది పెద్దదే గానీ ఎంత పెద్దదో తెలీదు. అలాంటప్పుడు informal గా biggish అనొచ్చు. ఇలాంటి పదాలు అనేకం రావొచ్చు. జాగ్రత్తగా వినండి.

Roy
What was your school like? Mine was horrible. Grey walls with no natural light. I was always stressed. 

Georgina
Mine was amazing. Lots of space, light and colour. Some of the walls were like that T-shirt you’re wearing.  It’s very…yellow. 

Roy
Actually, it’s lemon, not yellow.

Georgina
Well, it’s yellowish. It’s sort of yellow, but not exactly. It’s very bright.

Roy
I know! Apparently, colours can affect the way you feel about the world. For example, some people believe that red causes excitement and blue is relaxing.

Georgina  
Which is why all hospitals are blue, green or white. People think these are relaxing colours. 

Roy
So you know all the hospitals in the world? Come on! You need to be less exact. 

Georgina
You’re right! More or less every hospital I’ve been to has had blue, green or white walls. I said more or less. 

Roy
Designers think about colours a lot when creating a space. Yellow and blue are commonly used for schools as it calms and helps people to focus. 

Georgina
It’s not just the colour, but the look of the building that can change our moods. Biggish, open spaces that let in a lot of natural light tend to make us feel more comfortable. 

Roy
While small, darker spaces can be sort of depressing and stressful. Some people believe you shouldn’t wear grey at work as it reduces focus. Maybe you should try wearing a yellow T-shirt Georgina. 

సౌమ్య
Great! రంగులు మన ఫీలింగ్స్‌ని ఎలా ప్రభావితం చేస్తాయో చెప్పారు. ఇక్కడ less precise - కచ్చితం కానివాటి గురించి చెప్పడానికి మూడు పదాలు వాడారు. –ish, more or less and sort of. మనం‘–ish’ అని పదాల చివర వాడతాం. More or less, sort of అనేవి పదాల ముందు వస్తాయి. సరే, ఇంకేం పదాలు చెప్తారో విందాం.

Georgina
It’s not just colours that can affect our moods, but also the world we live in is kind of full of noise and images. 

Roy
There’s nothing more stressful than noisy cars in the morning when you’re trying to work. 

Georgina
Exactly. Annoying sounds that invade our lives are often called noise pollution. These sounds can actually increase stress levels. It’s sort of dangerous to live with noise. 

Roy
A noisy home can also increase stress in both adults and children.  A loud TV in the background might be a kind of problem.

Georgina
But noise is more or less everywhere.  How can we get away from it?

Roy
Some people believe that listening to sounds like bird song and that kind of thing can calm you and even increase productivity at work. A children’s hospital in the UK has used bird song to relax people in the corridors. 

Georgina
A bank in Colombia used bird noises and noticed an increase in customer approval and new customers and that kind of thing. 

Roy
That’s amazing! I know that when people play heartbeat noises it can calm a baby as it kind of makes them feel like they’re back in the mother’s womb.

Georgina
So maybe we should be as conscious of the noise we make as we are of the colours we wear. 

సౌమ్య
ఓ చాలా పదాలే వచ్చాయి. ఇలాంటి పదాలు వాడితే vague language - అస్పష్టమైన భాష అంటారు. Kind of,  sort of, more or less, biggish, yellowish … ఇలాంటివన్నీ కచ్చితమైన సమాచారం ఇవ్వవుగానీ ఎంతో కొంత వివరాలను తెలుపుతాయి. Thanks Roy and Georgina. Thanks for joining us for this week’s English Together. Join us again next week for more vocabulary lessons. Bye! 

Learn more! 

Vague Language

When we want to talk generally or non-specifically in English, we can use vague expressions or language to do this. It’s important to know how to do this, especially in spoken English, for when you are talking about things in general and don’t have a specific example to give. It’s also a good way to give you time to think about what you want to say.

-ish

You can add –ish to the end of an adjective to make it less specific. It means ‘a bit’ or ‘more or less’.

  • He has brownish hair. (his hair is a bit brown, a bit black)
  • She is going to arrive around 6ish. (she will arrive close to six, maybe before, maybe after)

It can also be used on its own to respond to a question vaguely.

  • A) Are you feeling ok?  
  • B) Ish.

Sort of/Kind of

Sort of’ and ‘kind of’ are short phrases you can use before an adjective or descriptive phrase to be vague. They mean ‘a bit’.

  • He’s sort of tall. (not really tall, nor short)

It can be used on its own to respond to a question vaguely.

  • A) Do you agree?
  • B) Sort of.

More or less

‘More or less’ can be used with adjectives or nouns to be vague. It means ‘about’.

  • More or less every flat I have lived in has been very expensive. (Most flats I have lived in were very expensive, but not all of them)
  • I have more or less finished decorating my bedroom.

It can be used on its own to respond to a question vaguely.

  • A) Have you finished the report?
  • B) More or less.

That kind/sort of thing

That kind/sort of thing’ is used to end a sentence vaguely, without giving specific examples of what you are talking about.

  • I have bought lots of snack foods for the party – crisps, cakes and that sort of thing.

Can our environment cause or prevent stress?

3 Questions

Choose the correct option.
సరైన జవాబు ఎంచుకోండి.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! You scored:
x / y

Come to our Facebook group and tell us what you think about this story.
ఈ కథనం మీకు నచ్చిందా? మీ అభిప్రాయాన్ని మా ఫేస్బుక్ గ్రూప్ లో మాతో పంచుకోండి.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
English Together కార్యక్రమంలో మమ్మల్ని మళ్లీ కలిసి మరింత ఉపయోగకరమైన భాషను నేర్చుకోండి, మీ శ్రవణ కౌశలానికి పదును పెట్టుకోండి.

Session Vocabulary

  • Sort of
    అలాంటిది

    Kind of
    అటువంటిది

    More or less
    ఇంచుమించు

    That kind of thing
    అలాంటి విషయం