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Session 12

In today’s episode we are discussing the idea that healthcare improves when patients see the same doctor.
आजच्या भागात एकाच डॉक्टरकडून उपचार घेणं कसं फायदेशीर ठरतं याबद्दल बोलणार आहोत.  

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Continuity of care

In today’s episode we are discussing the idea that healthcare improves when patients see the same doctor.
आजच्या भागात एकाच डॉक्टरकडून उपचार घेणं कसं फायदेशीर ठरतं याबद्दल बोलणार आहोत.

Quiz
यूकेतल्या किती टक्के रुग्णांनी त्यांच्या डॉक्टर्सना अतिउत्तम रेटींग दिलं आहे?

a) 50%
b) 70%
c) 90%

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

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Tejali
नमस्कार मित्रांनो!Hello and welcome to English Together, असा शो जिथे आपण चर्चा करतो निरनिराळे विषय आणि त्यासंबंधित शब्दांची. मी तेजाली

Tom
And hi everybody! I’m Tom, thanks for joining us today.

Kee
And I’m Kee.  Welcome to today’s show!

Tejali
आज आपण बोलणार आहोत हे आरोग्यसुविधांच्या उपलब्धतेबद्दल. हल्ली कुठेही गेलो तर तिथली सेवा तुम्हाला आवडली का हे जाणून घेण्यासाठी रेटिंग द्यायला सांगतात. आजचा प्रश्न आहे युकेतल्या डॉक्टर्सबद्दल. युकेमधल्या किती टक्के रुग्णांनी त्यांच्या डॉक्टर्सना ‘अतिउत्तम’ रेटींग दिलं आहे?    

a) 50%
b) 70%
c) 90%

Tom
I don’t have a problem with healthcare here in the UK. I can normally get to see a G.P. pretty quickly.

Tejali
A G.P. किंवा ‘general practitioner’ म्हणजे सामान्य आजारांवर इलाज करणारा डॉक्टर.

Kee
But do you see the same G.P. each time you visit the doctor’s surgery? Apparently, that can have a positive impact on our health.

Tejali
हम्म, बरोबर आहे तुझं. त्यामुळेच आमच्याकडे फॅमिली डॉक्टर ही संकल्पना आहे. काहीही झालं की प्रत्येकजण आपल्या फॅमिली डॉक्टरकडे जातात. त्यांना तुमच्या संपूर्ण कुटुंबाची संपूर्ण माहिती असते; त्यामुळे निदान होणंही सोपं जात. आजची क्लिप बीबीसी रेडियो 4 च्या Inside Healthमधली आहे. एकाच डॉक्टरकडून उपचार घेतल्यामुळे mortality rate वर काय परिणाम होतो हे सर डेनिस परेरा ग्रे सांगत आहेत. Mortality rate म्हणजे मृत्युदर.  

Dr. Porter
Continuity has long been regarded as a good thing in medicine. Lead researcher and ex-GP, Sir Dennis Pereira-Grey.

Sir Dennis
Continuity of care with a doctor, and that means a patient repeatedly seeing a single doctor, is associated with lower death rates.

Dr. Porter
Now your research found that relationship, can it explain why?

Sir Dennis
Yes, it can! I think there are a whole lot of reasons. The interesting, basic research showed that, in fact, just repeated meeting between two human beings means that the two start to like each other more. And then there was some very important research which showed that patients were more likely to tell doctors they know and trust important information which they won't necessarily tell a strange doctor.

Kee
Interesting, isn’t it! Seeing the same doctor can lead to lower rates of mortality amongst patients.

Tom
It’s very interesting, actually. I’m surprised.

Kee
It’s true! The doctor has research to back it up!

Tejali
To back up म्हणजे पाठिंबा देणे, आधार देणे. The research also backs up the idea that people feel more comfortable speaking to the same doctor. 
 
Tom
And it’s probably easier for the doctor to diagnose people that he’s familiar with, too.

Tejali
True! Then the patient will be more likely to accept the diagnosis, too. ‘To diagnose’ म्हणजे निदान करणे.

Kee
It sounds like a win-win situation to me.

Tejali
A win-win situation
 म्हणजे काहीही झालं तरी आपला फायदा होणारच अशी परिस्थिती. 

Tom
Well, I think quality time with anyone is great…

Tejali
Quality time म्हणजे वेळेचा दर्जेदार उपयोग. Please continue.

Tom
Thank you. As I said, quality time is good, especially if it’s during a consultation. However, I think there’s a danger of placing an inordinate amount of trust in one person’s opinion.

Tejali
An inordinate amount
म्हणजे खूप जास्त, इथे म्हणायचंय खूप जास्त विश्वास. Can you explain what you mean by that?

Tom
Well, a doctor provides you with an opinion based on a consultation. However, sometimes it might be good to get a second opinion, too, in case the diagnosis is wrong.

Kee
OK, I take your point. I do put a lot of trust in doctors, but that’s usually based on their track record.

Tejali
Someone’s track record relates to their successful or unsuccessful past actions. यूकेतील 90%   रूग्ण, डॉक्टर्सना त्यांच्या track records बघून मानांकन देतात, म्हणजे आपल्या प्रश्नाचं उत्तर आहे 90% ऑप्शन C.

Kee
You see! To be honest, I think today’s episode shows a wider truth.

Tejali
A wider truth म्हणजे सत्य परिस्थिती. And what wider truth is that?

Kee
That it’s always good to work with the same people!

Tom
Aw, thanks Kee! Even me?

Kee
That’s the truth!

Tom
Even me?

Kee
Uhh… yes!

Tejali
Yes, thanks! तुम्ही सांगा. Continuity of care, between a doctor and patient, म्हणजे एकाच डॉक्टरकडून उपचार घेतल्याचे आरोग्याला काही फायदे होतात का? ‘Second opinion’ म्हणजे दुसऱ्या डॉक्टरचं मत घेण्याबद्दल तुम्हाला काय वाटतं? आमच्या फेसबुक ग्रुपवर नक्की सांगा.
आता आजचे शब्द बघू. A G.P. किंवा ‘general practitioner’ म्हणजे सामान्य आजारांवर इलाज करणारे डॉक्टर, ‘a win-win situation’ म्हणजे म्हणजे काहीही झालं तरी आपला फायदा होणारच अशी परिस्थिती, ‘to back something up’ म्हणजे एखाद्या गोष्टीला आधार देणे, पाठिंबा देणे, ‘to diagnose’ म्हणजे निदान, ‘quality time’ म्हणजे वेळेचा दर्जेदार उपयोग, ‘an inordinate amount’ म्हणजे खूप जास्त, ‘based on a track record’ म्हणजे भूतकाळातील घटनांवर आधारित, ‘a wider truth’ म्हणजे सत्य परिस्थिती.
आज इथेच थांबूया पुन्हा भेटू English Together च्या पुढच्या भागात. Bye.

Language

to back (something) up
‘To back up’
is a phrasal verb which means ‘to support’. When we use it we need to include an object (the person/thing which provides the support).

Don’t worry, the mistake in the office wasn’t your fault. If the boss asks you about it, I’ll back you up.

We often use this expression with the passive if we want to emphasise the thing receiving support.

The claims about health benefits are backed up by recent scientific research.

a win-win situation
A win-win situation describes a situation in which two or more parties experience benefits or positive results. We can shorten the expression, saying that something [is] win-win. We always need to use a hypen with win-win.

The new pay structure is a win-win situation for the employees and their employer. Everyone is much happier!

If the football team become champions, that’s great! If not, they improved dramatically anyway. It’s win-win!

The opposite is a lose-lose situation or result.


based on (a) track record
In this expression, a track record relates to known information regarding a person or thing. This evidence is used to make judgements. The expression is neutral, but judgements made based on a track record can be positive or negative.

You’ve done a great job for the company and, based on your track record, we’d like to offer you a promotion!

I decided not to invite my friend to my birthday this year based on his track record. Last year he was very moody.

Continuity of care

4 Questions

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योग्य पर्याय निवडा.

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Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
English Together चे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयावर बोलणार आहोत.

Session Vocabulary

  • G.P. (general practitioner)
    सामान्य आजारांवर उपचार करणारे डॉक्टर 

    to back up
    पाठिंबा देणे, आधार देणे 

    to diagnose
    निदान 

    a win-win situation
    काहीही झालं तरी फायदा होणारच अशी परिस्थिती

    quality time
    वेळेचा दर्जेदार उपयोग

    an inordinate amount
    खूप जास्त

    based on a track record
    भूतकाळातील घटनांवर आधारित

    a wider truth
    सत्य परिस्थिती