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Smoking rates in England fall to lowest on record 英格兰吸烟率降至史上最低

Episode 160923 / 23 Sep 2016

文字稿

英格兰公共卫生署(Public Health England)公布,英格兰地区的吸烟率已降至史上最低点。在 2015年,有 16.9%的成年人承认自己是烟民,该数据与 2012年的 19.3%相比,情况有所改善。专家说,吸烟率的下降从某种程度上来讲可能源于电子烟的普及。请听 Michelle Roberts 的报道。

According to Public Health England, 2015 saw the highest ever recorded level of smokers successfully kick the habit. Out of 2.5 million adults who tried to give up smoking, a fifth succeeded.

Over a million people said they used e-cigarettes to help them quit, while around 700,000 use licensed nicotine replacement products such as patches and gum.

The figures were released ahead of the annual Stoptober campaign, which aims to encourage smokers to stop their habit for the month of October. According to experts, taking a complete break from cigarettes for at least 28 days greatly increases the odds of being able to quit smoking for life.

词汇表

kick the habit 戒掉(坏)习惯
e-cigarettes 电子烟
licensed 获准出售的,持照的
nicotine 尼古丁
replacement products 替代产品
patches (含尼古丁成分的戒烟)贴片
gum (戒烟)口香糖
released 被发表,被公布
Stoptober 为呼吁英国烟民戒烟而发起的“十月戒烟月”
break (长期行为的)终结
odds 可能性,几率

测验

请听报道并回答下列问题。

1. What did smokers mainly use to help them kick the habit, according to the text?

2. What is the aim of the Stoptober campaign?

3. True or false? In 2015, 5% of the adults who tried to quit smoking succeeded.

4. True or false? Stoptober takes place every year.

答案

1. What did smokers mainly use to help them kick the habit, according to the text?
According to the text, smokers mainly used e-cigarettes and licensed nicotine replacement products such as patches and gum to help them kick the habit.

2. What is the aim of the Stoptober campaign?
The aim of the Stoptober campaign is to encourage smokers to quit their habit for the month of October.

3. True or false? In 2015, 5% of the adults who tried to quit smoking succeeded.
False. According to Public Health England, in 2015, a fifth or 20% of the adults who tried to give up smoking succeeded.

4. True or false? Stoptober takes place every year.
True. Stoptober is an annual event.

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