英语大破解

中级

Anti-tobacco plan, Tate Modern's new director 印度限制烟草生产的计划、泰特现代艺术馆新任馆长

Episode 170706 / 06 Jul 2017

本集内容

India’s farmers fight anti-tobacco plan 印度农民不支持削减烟草产量的计划

Tate Modern’s first female director 英国泰特现代美术馆首位女性负责人

文字稿

India is one of the world’s biggest tobacco producers, but is under pressure to cut back. It’s the effect of a global anti-tobacco campaign led by the World Health Organization. The government has raised taxes and introduced a cap on production. The farmers are being asked to switch to other crops, but the returns are poor. Tobacco farming supports the livelihoods of 45 million Indians. For them it’s a question of their survival.

印度是世界最大的烟草制造国之一,但如今印度的烟草产业正面临缩减的压力。压力来自于世界卫生组织的全球性反烟草倡议。政府已经提升税收,并对烟草产量提出了限额。这些烟草农民被要求转种其它农作物,但这样一来他们的收益将变得很低。有四千五百万印度人依靠烟草种植业维持生计。对他们来说,这是个关乎生存的问题。

Tate Modern – the most visited museum of modern art in the world. It is the crown jewel in the Tate empire, built over the past three decades by Sir Nicholas Serota, who recently stood down as the institution’s director. His replacement is Maria Balshaw – one of the forces behind Manchester’s recent cultural renaissance and this institution’s first female boss. The ambitious target to attract a more ethnically and socially diverse range of visitors is clear. The collection agenda is bold.

英国泰特现代艺术馆是全球访客最多的现代艺术博物馆,也是泰特企业的核心部分,它由尼古拉斯·赛罗塔爵士在三十年间一手建成,他最近从负责人这一职位上退了下来。接替他的是前不久推动曼彻斯特文化复兴的重要人物之一 — 玛丽亚·巴尔肖,她是该机构的首位女老板。巴尔肖雄心勃勃,目标很明确 — 要吸引更多的拥有多元种族和社会背景的参观者。她提出的有关馆藏的议程非常大胆。

词汇

cap
限额,限制

stood down
退职了,离职了

练习

请从以下词汇中选择适当的答案来完成句子。注意:你可能需要改变单词的时态来完成句子。

cap / stood down

1. David Cameron ______ as British Prime Minister after a referendum decided the UK should leave the European Union.

2. A price ______ on energy bills could be extended to many more households on low incomes, under plans being considered by regulator Ofgem.

答案

1. David Cameron stood down as British Prime Minister after a referendum decided for the UK to leave the European Union.

2. A price cap on energy bills could be extended to many more households on low incomes, under plans being considered by regulator Ofgem.

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