英语大破解

中级

Indian workers, online crime and e-cigarettes 印度家政工人保障政策、 打击网络犯罪和电子香烟

Episode 151028 / 28 Oct 2015

本集内容

India's domestic workers law 印度家政工人保障政策

Fighting online crime 打击网络犯罪

E-cigarettes less damaging, says study 报道说电子香烟对人体危害小

文字稿

These women are part of India's vast army of domestic workers. Despite the numbers, it's a sector with few rules. But that might change – there are plans for laws giving workers a minimum wage and compulsory leave – and there would be social security cover too their employers would have to fund, at least in part.

这些女性都是来自印度的家政人员大军。尽管很多人从事家政工作,但这个行业缺少相对应的监管条例。但此现象很快会得到改观。印度政府计划出台法律保障家政人员的权益,希望出台的政策中包括最低工资保障和强制性休假;与此同时,家政人员的雇主也需要至少提供部分资金给此类人员购买社保。

This is not science fiction. This is our world, now in the 21st Century. Here in California they're at the cutting edge of cyber security, using this virtual reality map of millions of computers to hunt hackers.

这不是科学幻想,这是我们所居住的二十一世纪。这家位于加利福尼亚洲的公司走在保护网络安全的前沿,他们使用一个连接了上百万台电脑的虚拟现实地图来追踪黑客的行踪。

Vaping – in less than a decade, it's gone from nowhere to a habit for more than two and half million British people. Now after claims and counterclaims about the risks of e-cigarettes an official health organisation says they're good news. That's because former smokers like Elaine, have been helped to kick the habit – in her case 40 years – encouraged by a clinic she switched to e-cigs which do contain nicotine but not the damaging tobacco smoke.

电子烟-在不到十年的时间里,电子烟的发展从无人问津到目前仅英国就有两百五十多万使用者。在对电子烟带来的风险进行了一轮又一轮的讨论与反驳后,一个专业组织说电子烟是烟民的福音。抽了四十年烟的老烟民伊莱恩(Elaine)在一家诊所的鼓励下改吸含有尼古丁但又没有烟草危害的电子烟,从而成功地戒掉了给身体带来危害的草烟。

词汇

vast army                         大军

cutting edge                     尖端,前沿

vaping                              吸电子烟

kick the habit                   戒除恶习,改掉习惯

练习

请从以下词汇中选择适当的答案来完成句子。注意:你可能需要改变单词的时态来完成句子。

vast army / cutting edge / vaping / kick the habit

1. Since Rob started ________, his clothes smell a lot fresher.

2. I've tried to stop having sugar in my tea but I just can't seem to ________.

3. A _______ of supporters turned up at the stadium for the big match but there weren't enough tickets so some of them couldn't get in.

4. The company was at the _______ of design and had won many awards

答案

1. Since Rob started vaping, his clothes smell a lot fresher.

2. I've tried to stop having sugar in my tea but I just can't seem to kick the habit.

3. A vast army of supporters turned up at the stadium for the big match but there weren't enough tickets so some of them couldn't get in.

4. The company was at the cutting edge of design and had won many awards.

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