课程 3

Our journey continues! In this session we visit two more of the world's great cities. We explore some special rules for using articles and Emma teaches us how to pronounce them correctly.

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    练习题 1
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    练习题 3

练习题 1

'The' and the zero article

A message from Dubai

Emma's travelling friends are still sending her messages. Join her as she reads a letter from Catherine, and learn when to use the zero article.

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Look, it's a grey day in London and I'm stuck here whilst my friends are elsewhere having fun. Catherine sent me a letter today. Let's see where she is...

"Hi Emma, I'm taking a break in Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. I had afternoon tea in the Burj Khalifa - the World's tallest building. I went shopping in a traditional spice souk. The souk had a wonderful smell - and I bought you a little present. Finally, I went skiing in the world's largest indoor snow park. Wish you were here! Catherine. PS: Would you like to go on a trip to South America next year?" 

That would be wonderful. I do need a holiday... but I can't afford that...  where do you think I should go to?

Explanation

When should we use the and when should we use the zero article (-) ? Read the rules carefully: 

Use 'the' with… 

1)   Countries with plural names or with Republic or Kingdom in the name: The United Arab Emirates, The Netherlands, The United Kingdom.

2)   Geographical areas in noun phrases: I live in the north-west of Egypt; in the east.  

3)   The names of rivers, seas, oceans and mountain ranges: The Mississippi, The Black Sea, The Atlantic, The Urals.   

4)   Parts of the day: In the morning/afternoon/evening. 

5)   Most prepositional phrases of position and place: At the top, on the left, at the office/bank/cinema. 

6)   Most prepositional phrases with 'of': At the end of my holiday; in the middle of the night

7)   Superlative adjectives: He is the oldest son. 

Use 'zero article' (-) with… 

1)   The names of most countries, cities and continents: (-) Saudi Arabia, (-) Argentina, (-) Warsaw, (-) Beijing, (-) Europe, (-) Asia.  

2)   Geographical areas in adjective phrases: I live in (-) north-west Egypt, (-) eastern France. 

3)   The names of single mountains and lakes: (-) Mount Kilimanjaro, (-) Lake Titicaca. 

4)   Exact days, months and times: on (-) Friday, in (-) March, at (-) 7 o’clock. 

5)   Some prepositional phrases of place: at (-) home, at (-) work, in (-) town, in (-) bed, at (-) sea.

To do

Try this activity. Have a look at the grammar notes if you get stuck.

Download

Click here to download the video (size: 28.2MB).

When to use 'the'

13 Questions

Sort the place names into ones that need the and those that don't

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When to use 'the'

13 Questions

Sort the place names into ones that need the and those that don't

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Next

How did you get on? Have you visited any of the places listed in the last activity? The BBC Learning English team is very familiar with the city we're going to look at next. Go to activity 2 to find out where it is and test what you've learnt so far about articles.

本课语法

  • Use 'the' with…

    Countries with plural names or with Republic or Kingdom in the name: The United Arab Emirates, The Netherlands, The United Kingdom.

    Geographical areas in noun phrases: I live in the north-west of Egypt; in the east.

    The names of rivers, seas, oceans and mountain ranges: The Mississippi, The Black Sea, The Atlantic, The Urals.

    Parts of the day: In the morning/afternoon/evening.

    Most prepositional phrases of position and place: At the top, on the left, at the office/bank/cinema.

    Superlative adjectives: He is the oldest son.

    Use 'zero article' (-) with…

    The names of most countries, cities and continents: (-) Saudi Arabia, (-) Beijing, (-) Europe

    Geographical areas in adjective phrases: I live in (-) north-west Egypt, (-) eastern France.

    The names of single mountains and lakes: (-) Mount Kilimanjaro, (-) Lake Titicaca.

    Exact days, months and times: on (-) Friday, in (-) March, at (-) 7 o’clock.

    Some prepositional phrases of place: at (-) home, at (-) work, in (-) town, in (-) bed, at (-) sea.

本课词汇

  • traditional 
    based on past customs and beliefs by a certain group of people

    spice souk
    market in an Arab town that sells spices

    republic
    country ruled by someone elected by its people rather than a king or queen

    kingdom
    country ruled by a king or queen