课程 2

There are many different verb patterns in English. Verbs can be followed by different structures. Should you try to learn them all or should you try learning just a few? In this session we highlight some common patterns and which patterns go with which verbs.

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Verb patterns 2

Infinitive with to or gerund: same meaning

There are some verbs and verb expressions which can be used with both the infinitive with to and the gerund with little or no change in meaning.

  • to begin
    I began to study Latin when I was four.
    I began studying Latin when I was four.

  • to bother
    Don't bother to tidy up, I'll do it tomorrow.
    Don't bother tidying up, I'll do it tomorrow.

  • to continue / to start
    They continued to play even after it started raining.
    They continued playing even after it started to rain.

  • to prefer
    I prefer to have a big breakfast rather than a big lunch.
    I prefer having a big breakfast rather than a big lunch.

  • to love
    I love to have a snooze in the afternoon.
    I love having a snooze in the afternoon.

  • to hate
    I hate to borrow money.
    I hate borrowing money.

  • can't bear
    She can't bear to be late.
    She can't bear being late.

  • can't stand
    I can't stand losing.
    I can't stand to lose.

If the main verb is in the continuous form we would normally use the infintive with to rather than the gerund.

  • They are continuing to play. YES
    They are continuing playing.
    NO

Like

Like can be used with either the infinitive with to or the gerund but with a small change in meaning.

to like doing something v to like to do something

I like washing my car. = I enjoy washing my car.

I like to wash my car regularly. = I think it's a good idea to wash my car regularly.

When talking about what you want to do or when making invitations or suggestions, use would + like + infinitive with to.

  • I'd like to see his new film in the cinema. RIGHT
    I'd like seeing his new film in the cinema. WRONG

  • Would you like to come to a party with me tomorrow? RIGHT
    Would you like coming to a party with me tomorrow? WRONG

 

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Infinitive with to or gerund: different meaning

These verbs can be used with either the infinitive with to or gerund but there is a change in meaning.

to remember/forget doing something v to remember/forget to do something

  • I remember closing the door. = I recall the action, it's a memory.
  • I remembered to close the door. = This was something I had to do and I did it. I'm not recalling the action, just the fact that I did it.
  • Did you remember to turn off the oven before you left?
    I don't remember turning it off, but I'm sure I did. I never leave it on.
  • She forgot telling me the class was cancelled. = She did tell me the class was cancelled.
  • She forgot to tell me the class was cancelled. = She didn't tell me the class was cancelled.

try doing something v try to do something

  • Try going out more often. = This is a suggestion for something to do.
  • Try to go out more often. = This is an encouragement to do something that may be difficult to do.

to stop doing something v to stop to do something

  • I stopped buying cigarettes. = I don't buy cigarettes any more.
  • I stopped to buy some cigarettes. = I interrupted a journey so that I could buy some cigarettes.

to go on doing something v to go on to do something

  • He went on talking about his holiday. = He had been talking about his holiday and he continued talking about his holiday.
  • He went on to talk about his holiday. = He had been talking about something else but after that he talked about his holiday.

To do

Practise choosing the correct forms in the quiz. 

Try to fill the gap

5 Questions

In each question choose the best answer to complete the sentence.

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Next

Now you've finished doing the quiz try listening to Finn and Catherine discussing this topic in more detail in 6 Minute Grammar.

本课语法

  • Verbs + infinitive with to or gerund: same meaning

    to begin, to continue, to start, to prefer, to love, to hate, can't bear, can't stand

    Verbs + infinitive with to or gerund: different meaning

    to like, to remember, to forget, to try,  to stop, to go on