单元 28: Dodgy dating
Intensifiers: so, such, enough, too
- 1 Pop-ups
- 2 Hidden talents
- 3 Can't buy me love
- 4 Travellers' tales
- 5 The colleague from hell
- 6 Jurassic mystery: unpacking the past
- 7 Career changes
- 8 Art
- 9 Project management
- 10 The dog ate my homework!
- 11 The diary of a double agent
- 12 Fashion forward
- 13 Flat pack skyscrapers
- 14 Extreme sports
- 15 Food fads
- 16 Me, my selfie and I
- 17 Endangered animals
- 18 A nip and a tuck: cosmetic surgery
- 19 I'm really sorry...
- 20 Telling stories
- 21 Fakes and phrasals
- 22 Looking to the future
- 23 Becoming familiar with things
- 24 From rags to riches
- 25 Against the odds
- 26 Our future on Mars?
- 27 Where is it illegal to get a fish drunk?
- 28 Dodgy dating
- 29 Annoying advice
- 30 I'll have been studying English for thirty weeks
Intensifiers are words like so, such, too and enough. Learn how to use these important words correctly in our grammar activities!
So, such, enough, too
Rob is late for the programme because there was such a long queue for coffee! But he finally joined Finn and they had enough time to explain how to use so, such, enough and too. So listen to the examples and try the quiz to test yourself. That's all in this edition of 6 Minute Grammar.
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Grammar with me, Finn.
Sorry I'm so late, Finn.
Oh Rob… OK.
There was such a long queue at the coffee machine.
Ah so late…such a long queue – great examples for today's topic, Rob.
Yes. Thank you very much. Yes, we’re talking about so, such, too and enough.
When Rob said he was so late, he meant he was very late. Now Helen has some more examples using so.
This coffee is so good.
Finn speaks English so well.
So it's so before an adjective – This coffee is so good… so strong… so hot…
Sounds good. Or before an adverb: He speaks English so well… so fluently… so fast.
And we use such with a noun. Rob said there was such a long queue, meaning the queue was very long. Here are more examples.
My holiday was such fun!
My holiday was such a disaster!
We say such fun without the indefinite article a because fun is uncountable.
But it's such a disaster with the article because disaster is countable.
Now we often use such with an adjective and a noun together. Listen to this.
Adele has such an amazing voice.
We had such good weather in Greece.
So it's such good weather… such an amazing voice. Remember: with countable nouns put the a or an after 'such' not before.
Nowadays, you sometimes hear people use so with a noun or verb for emphasis. Like this.
That dress is so last year.
I'm so going to hug her when I see her.
So if you say 'so last year' it means really not fashionable any more. So going to hug her means really going to give her a really good hug.
We can use so and such with a that clause to describe cause and effect. Like this.
It was so hot that they had to go indoors.
It was such a hot day that they had to stay indoors.
And we can leave that out, so we could say: It was so hot they had to go indoors.
We also use so with many or much and a noun to describe a lot of something. It's so much with uncountable nouns and so many with countable nouns.
What a great party! I had so much fun.
We visited so many places.
So that's so and such. Now for too and enough.
Yes. Now we use enough with an adjective or adverb to say something is or isn't the right degree. So, if I ask Finn: Are you warm enough, Finn?
I am, thanks.
I'm asking if it's the right temperature for you.
Notice enough comes after the adjective or adverb. We can also use enough after a verb.
He doesn't sleep enough. He's always tired.
When we use enough with a noun, it goes before the noun. We have enough food, enough time.
And sentences with enough are sometimes followed by to and a verb.
She's definitely smart enough to become director.
You know Rob, I think that's enough about enough!
Indeed. Now to say there's more than necessary, we use too with an adjective or adverb. So we could say this office is too crowded, too noisy, too busy.
And I could say Rob that you're working too hard.
Thank you very much.
You work very hard.
We can use too much or too many with a noun to say we have more than we need.
Ugh! You've put too much sugar in my tea!
I ate too many biscuits.
6 Minute Grammar from BBC Learning English.
And I think we have just enough time for a quiz. OK so which is correct, a or b? Are you ready Rob?
OK. Number one. a) That's a so cute dog! b) That's such a cute dog.
Well it's b) because it's such with an adjective and noun and the indefinite article comes after not before.
That's correct. Number 2. a) Is there money enough? Or b) Is there enough money?
Well, that's b) again because enough goes before a noun.
Correct. And finally, number 3. a) I can't afford it. It's too expensive. Or b) I can't afford it. It's so expensive.
You're trying to trick me. Both are correct.
Of course. That's right. Well done if you got them all right at home. And there's lots more about this on our website at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Grammar.
End of Session 2
So that's all from this session on the use of so, such, enough and too. How do you get a date with someone? In Session 3, you can read about the many ways to meet a potential loved one.
Intensifiers: so, such, enough, too
Meaning and use
We use so, such, enough and too to indicate degree. So and such give emphasis and mean ‘very’. Too means more than necessary, and enough indicates the right amount of something.
It’s so cold today!
That’s such a pretty dress!
£150! That’s much too expensive for a pair of shoes.
We’ll have to buy a bigger car. This one’s not big enough for all of us.
We can also use so and too with much and many to talk about the amount of something.So much/many means a lot of something. Too much/many means more than we want or need of something.
I’ve got so much work to do tonight.
There are just too many cars on the roads these days.