单元 18: A nip and a tuck: cosmetic surgery
- 1 Pop-ups
- 2 Hidden talents
- 3 Can't buy me love
- 4 Travellers' tales
- 5 The colleague from hell
- 6 Jurassic mystery: unpacking the past
- 7 Career changes
- 8 Art
- 9 Project management
- 10 The dog ate my homework!
- 11 The diary of a double agent
- 12 Fashion forward
- 13 Flat pack skyscrapers
- 14 Extreme sports
- 15 Food fads
- 16 Me, my selfie and I
- 17 Endangered animals
- 18 A nip and a tuck: cosmetic surgery
- 19 I'm really sorry...
- 20 Telling stories
- 21 Fakes and phrasals
- 22 Looking to the future
- 23 Becoming familiar with things
- 24 From rags to riches
- 25 Against the odds
- 26 Our future on Mars?
- 27 Where is it illegal to get a fish drunk?
- 28 Dodgy dating
- 29 Annoying advice
- 30 I'll have been studying English for thirty weeks
NASA, LOL, OMG! Why say the whole expression when you can say a few letters? Learn more about acronyms in this session.
Are you interested in football? Do you know what FIFA is and why it’s called that? Or are you more interested in space and NASA? Listen to Peter and Catherine talking about acronyms like these in 6 Minute Vocabulary.
Hi! I’m Peter.
And I’m Catherine. Welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. And today we’re talking about acronyms.
Examples of acronyms are the name FIFA, that’s the international federation of association football, and BBC.
We’ll talk about where these names come from and we'll tell you how we say and write them.
There will be a quiz of course; and we’ll also bring you a top tip for remembering these words.
Let’s start by listening to James. He’s giving a lecture about the United Nations.
And while you’re listening: Can you guess where the name UNESCO comes from?
The United Nations aims to encourage international cooperation and preserve world peace. A number of different organisations are part of it. One of the most well-known is UNESCO. That’s the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation. But you may also have heard of the W-H-O, the I-M-F, and the W-B-G, for example. Do you know what they are? The UN performs most of its work through these different organisations.
So we asked you: Can you guess where the name UNESCO comes from?
And the answer is that it comes from the first letters of the organisation’s full name: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation: UNESCO.
Now with acronyms like UNESCO, we say them as if they are a word: UNESCO. We don’t spell out the letters separately. We don't say U-N-E-S-C-O.
Other acronyms like this that are very well-known are NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, and NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
That’s easy for you to say. By the way, FIFA is a bit of a trick. The acronym actually comes from the French name for the organisation, not the English. Federation Internationale de Football Association.
So what about the other acronyms James mentioned? Let’s listen.
INSERT CLIP 1
… you may also have heard of the W-H-O, the I-M-F, and the W-B-G, for example.
Now these next acronyms are a bit different. We spell out the initial letters separately. Can you guess what these letters stand for? W-H-O.
That’s the World Health Organisation.
It is. Now: I-M-F...
It’s the International Monetary Fund.
The World Bank Group.
And it’s worth remembering that we usually write both types of acronym with capital letters. Now for another clip.
INSERT CLIP 2
The UN performs most of its work through these different organisations.
Now it’s interesting that James started off by saying the United Nations. But here he says the UN. Why’s that do you think?
Well, using acronyms saves time and it makes the organisations seem more familiar. With the second type of acronym like U-N, where you spell out the letters, we sometimes use the full name the first time we mention the organisation and then, once we’ve done that, we go on to use the acronym as we continue to talk about it.
OK. But with the first type of acronym like UNESCO, where you say it as a word, we nearly always use just the acronym. That’s probably because the full names are often so long that the acronyms have actually become like words to replace them.
Yes, in fact there are a few words in English that used to be acronyms but have now become ordinary words. These words are not written with capital letters. For example scuba as in scuba diving. This comes from self-contained underwater breathing apparatus. And laser comes from light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation.
Wow, well yes, that is quite a mouthful, isn’t it?
It certainly does go on…
6 Minute Vocabulary from BBC Learning English.
We’re talking about acronyms.
And it’s quiz time! And this time it’s a bit of a general knowledge game because we’re going to see if you know what some popular acronyms stand for. And not all of them are organisations. So number one: WWW.
It’s the World Wide Web.
It is, indeed. Now number two: RAM.
That’s Random Access Memory. We use it for a type of computer memory.
We do. And the last one: CIA.
It’s the Central Intelligence Agency in the US.
It is indeed - and well done if you got them all right.
And before we go, here’s a vocabulary tip. There are a lot of acronyms in everyday life as well as those that are organisations. For example: ATM, DIY and FYI. We use them all the time. When you see an acronym written in capital letters, check out what it stands for online or find a dictionary. They do make sense and are easy to remember when you know the full name or meaning.
There’s more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again soon for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.
Vocabulary points to take away
Many acronyms refer to organisations. The acronyms come from the first letters of the organisations' full names. They are usually written in capital letters.
UNESCO is an acronym for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation.
We pronounce acronyms as words: UNESCO, NATO and NASA are all important organisations.
Others are said as letters, using the initial (first) letters of each word: The UN (U-N), the EU (E-U), and the FBI (F-B-I). These are known as initialisms.
Using acronyms and initialisms saves time and makes organisations seem more familiar to us. Many are also in everyday life:
- I need to get some money from the ATM (Automatic Teller Machine).
- I'm doing some DIY this weekend (Do It Yourself = building and repairing things at home without employing professionals).
- FYI, I'm not free this Friday (For Your Information).
So when you see a group of letters like UNICEF - do you read them as a word or as individual letters? Test yourself in our quiz, next!
Organisations said as words:
UNESCO = The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation
NATO = The North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NASA = The National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Organisations said as letters:
The UN (U-N) = The United Nations
The EU (E-U) = The European Union
The FBI (F-B-I) = The Federal Bureau of Investigation
Examples from everyday life:
- I need to get some money from the ATM.
(Automatic Teller Machine).
- I'm doing some DIY this weekend.
(Do It Yourself = building and repairing things at home without employing professionals)
- FYI, I'm not free this Friday.
(For Your Information)
- I need to get some money from the ATM.