单元 14: Extreme sports
Past perfect continuous
- 1 Pop-ups
- 2 Hidden talents
- 3 Can't buy me love
- 4 Travellers' tales
- 5 The colleague from hell
- 6 Jurassic mystery: unpacking the past
- 7 Career changes
- 8 Art
- 9 Project management
- 10 The dog ate my homework!
- 11 The diary of a double agent
- 12 Fashion forward
- 13 Flat pack skyscrapers
- 14 Extreme sports
- 15 Food fads
- 16 Me, my selfie and I
- 17 Endangered animals
- 18 A nip and a tuck: cosmetic surgery
- 19 I'm really sorry...
- 20 Telling stories
- 21 Fakes and phrasals
- 22 Looking to the future
- 23 Becoming familiar with things
- 24 From rags to riches
- 25 Against the odds
- 26 Our future on Mars?
- 27 Where is it illegal to get a fish drunk?
- 28 Dodgy dating
- 29 Annoying advice
- 30 I'll have been studying English for thirty weeks
Does learning English bring you enjoyment and excitement? Learn a few suffixes to boost your vocabulary!
Suffixes: -ment, -ance, -ence
Words like excitement, performance and difference have suffixes that turn verbs and adjectives into nouns. Listen to Finn and Catherine talk about the suffixes -ment, -ence and -ance in this 6 Minute Vocabulary.
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I’m Catherine…
And I’m Finn. Today we’re talking about suffixes.
A suffix is a group of letters at the end of a word, which can tell you what kind of word it is. In today’s programme we’re looking at -ment, spelt m-e-n-t, -ance spelt a-n-c-e, and -ence, spelt e-n-c-e.
The last two sound quite similar, don't they?
-ance and -ence. But first, let’s hear from Tania. She loves to dance. She’s talking about her recent visit to the ballet.
That's right. While you listen, think about this question: Did Tania enjoy the ballet in the end?
There was huge excitement in the audience. This was the Bolshoi’s only performance of Swan Lake in London. But at half past seven a man appeared and made an announcement. He thanked us for our patience and then said that the lead dancer was ill and couldn’t perform. In the silence that followed, you could feel everyone’s disappointment. But the replacement dancer was wonderful. She wasn’t too confident to start with, but her confidence grew and, in the end, the lead dancer’s absence didn’t lessen my enjoyment at all.
So we asked you: Did Tania enjoy the ballet in the end?
And the answer was: Yes, she did. The lead dancer’s absence didn’t lessen her enjoyment.
And absence and enjoyment are two key words in this programme. The noun absence with the suffix -ence, spelt e-n-c-e, means someone or something not being there. It comes from the adjective absent.
…and the noun enjoyment with the suffix -ment comes from the verb enjoy.
Let’s listen to a clip with more words with -ment and -ence, spelt e-n-c-e.
INSERT CLIP 1
In the silence that followed, you could feel everyone’s disappointment. But the replacement dancer was wonderful. She wasn’t too confident to start with, but her confidence grew.
So we had two nouns with the suffix -ence,spelt e-n-c-e: silence and confidence. The noun silence comes from the adjective silent,meaning complete quiet.
…and the noun confidence, which comes from the adjective confident, means having belief in your own abilities.
Notice that both adjectives end in the letter t, which changes to a letter c in the suffix -ence.
So silent becomes sil-ence…
…and confident becomes confid-ence.
Other common adjectives ending in the letter t that add e-n-c-e are: independent and different…
…which become independence and difference.
In the clip, we also heard two more words with the suffix -ment.
Yes, we heard disappointment, which comes from the verb disappoint, meaning a feeling of being unhappy because you have been let down.
…and replacement, which comes from the verb replace and means a thing or person which takes the place of something or someone else.
Now, let’s hear another clip. Listen out for two words with the suffixes -ance with an a and -ence with an e.
INSERT CLIP 2
There was huge excitement in the audience. This was the Bolshoi’s only performance of Swan Lake in London. But at half past seven a man appeared and made an announcement. He thanked us for our patience and then said that the lead dancer was ill and couldn’t perform.
So we had the noun performance, spelt a-n-c-e at the end, which comes from the verb perform.
And we had patience, spelt e-n-c-e at the end, from the adjective patient.
Did you spot the two words with the suffix –ment? Excitement from the verb excite…
…and announcement from the verb announce.
BBC Learning English dot com.
Now, time for a quiz. And ready for number one? Is the word silence spelt a) s-i-l-e-n-c-e or b) s-i-l-a-n-c-e?
It’s a) s-i-l-e-n-c-e.
Very good. Number two: What’s the noun that comes from the verb replace?
And, number three: Complete this sentence: Maria lacks a) confident or b) confidence?
It's b) confidence. And that’s the end of the quiz. Well done if you got them all right.
And now, here’s today’s top tip for learning vocabulary: choose a word and then think of all the different forms of that word, so think of a noun, adjective and verb all with the same root.
There’s more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.
Vocabulary points to take away
Nouns ending in –ment:
process of feeling pleasure in something
Don’t tell me the ending! That will spoil my enjoyment of the film.
someone or something that takes the place or does the job of another
Our new TV didn’t work so they sent a replacement.
Other nouns ending in –ment:
Nouns ending in –ence:
the state of not being there
There has been high staff absence this last week due to flu.
the belief in your own or someone else’s abilities
I have complete confidence that you will do a great job.
the state of being free of control by someone or something else
Teenagers like to have jobs so they can have some financial independence from their parents.
the ability to wait or do something for a long time without getting annoyed
My parents have a lot of patience. They don’t mind queuing for hours to get tickets to their favourite shows.
Other nouns ending in –ence:
Nouns ending in –ance:
Let's practise some of these words and suffixes as we read a story about a singer called Sayla. Feeling confident? Join us in the next activity!