课程 18

Listen to find out how to talk about future plans.
ብዛዕባ መጻኢ ውጥን ንምዝራብ ንምፍላጥ ኣብዚ ስማዕ?

本单元得分 18

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    练习题 1

练习题 1

How do I talk about future plans?

ካብዞም ውጥናት ኣየናይ እዩ ውሱን ወይ ርጉጽ?

Yes, I’m going to take a Spanish class.
I’d like to take up running three times a week.
I might travel to Scotland to see an old friend.

ንመልስታትካ ንምንጽጻር ስማዕ። ብድሕርዚ ምስቲ ኣብቲ ታሕቲ ዘሎ ጽሑፍ ኣወዳድሮ።

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ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሰላም፣ እንቋዕ ናብ መደብ How do I… ብድሓን መጻእኩም። ኣነ ተኽልማርያም በኪት ኢየ፡ ምሳና’ውን ፊል ኣሎ።

Phil
Hello, everybody. Welcome!

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
አብ ናይ ሎሚ ትሕዝቶና ብዛዕባ ናይ መጻኢ መደባት ክንርኢ ኢና። እስከ ሕጂ ሓደ ሰብ ንሰለስተ ሰባት ብዛዕባ መጻኢ መደባቶም ዝሓቶም ብምስማዕ ንጀምሮ።
ክብድ ዝበለ እንተመሲሉ ኣይትሻቀሉ ጽኒሕ ኢልና ክንሕግዘኩም ኢና። ንሕጂ መን እንታይ ክገብር ከም ዝመደበ ገምግሙ።

Do you have any plans for this summer?
• Yes, I’m going to take a Spanish class.
• I’d like to start running three times a week.
• I might travel to Scotland to see an old friend.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሰሚዕኩምዎ’ዶ? እቲ ናይ ቀዳማይ ተዛራባይ ቋንቋ ስፐይን ክመሃር ወሲኑ'ሎ። እሞ ፊል ሕጂ ብዛዕባ መጻኢ መደባትና ንምግላጽ ክንጥቀመሉ ዘኽእለና ቋንቋ’ዶ ክንርኢ?

Phil
Yes, why not?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
እስከ ብሕቶ ክንፍልሞ። ‘Do you have any plans for…?’ ዝብል ኮይኑ፤ እዚ ድማ እቲ ምዱብ ግዜ ይነግረና።

Do you have any plans for next month?
Do you have any plans for next year?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ኣብ'ዚ ኩሉ ምሉእ ሓሳባት እምበኣር፡ እዞም ሰባት ብዛዕባ መጻኢ መደባቶም ተዛሪቦም። እስከ ነቲ ቀዳማይ ተዛራባይ ንስማዕ።

Yes, I’m going to take a Spanish class.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
እቶም ተዛረብቲ 'going to' ዝብል ሓረግ ተጠቒሞም። እዚ ድማ ድሮ ነቲ ክንገብሮ ዝወሰናዮ ነገር ንምግላጽ ንጥቀመሉ።

Phil
OK, let’s quickly practise the pronunciation together! Notice that when we say 'going to' it often sounds more like ‘gonna’. ‘I’m gonna take a Spanish class’. Repeat after me:
I’m gonna take a Spanish class.
I’m gonna take a Spanish class.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሕራይ፡ ሕጂ ነዚ ካልኣይ ተዛራቢ ጽን ኢልኩም ስምዕዎ።

I’d like to start running three times a week.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
እዚ ካልኣይ ተዛራባይ ጉያ ምጅማሩ ንምሕባር ‘I'd’ ተጠቒሙ። እዚ ድማ ኣሕጽሮተ ቃል ናይ ‘I would like’ እዩ። ንሓደ ክንገብሮ ዝደለና ወይ ድማ ዘይከኣል ‘would like’ ንጥቀም።

Phil
OK! Let’s practise the pronunciation again. Remember that we say ‘I would’ as ‘I'd’. Repeat after me:
I’d like to start running three times a week.
I’d like to start running three times a week.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
እስከ ሕጂ ነዚ ዝስዕብ ሰብ ንስማዕ።

I might travel to Scotland to see an old friend.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ኣብ'ዚ ኣገዳሲ ዝኾነ ግሲ ‘might’ እዩ። እዚ ማለት ከአ ሓደ ዝክኣል ግን ከአ ውሱን ዘይኮነ ነገር ማለት'ዩ። እዚ ተዛራባይ ንእስኮትላንድ ክኸይድ እናኸኣለ ግን ከአ ዘይደለየ ንምግላጽ'ዩ። ብድሕሪ ‘might’ ግን ‘to’ ምጥቃም ኣየድልየናን፤ ከምቲ ተዛራባይ ዝበሎ ‘I might travel' ንብል።

Phil
And let’s practise the pronunciation together. Notice how 'to' in 'travel to Scotland' sounds like 'tuh'. Repeat after me:
I might travel to Scotland.
I might travel to Scotland.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Thanks, Phil፡ ሕጂ እምበኣር መጻኢ መደባትኹም ብኸመይ ከም እትገልጹ ተማሂርኩም ኣለኹም'ሞ ግዴኹም ተለማመዱ።
እስከ ሕጂ ጽባሕ ናብ የዕሩኽትኹም ‘drive’ ክትገብሩ ሓሲብኩም ኣለኹም ንበል። ነዚ ብኸመይ ትገልጽዎ? መልስኹም ምስ ናይ ፊል ኣወዳድርዎ።

Phil
I'm going to drive to my friend’s house tomorrow.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Did you say the same? ሕጂ ድማ ቀዳም ንቤተ መዘክር ክትከዱ ሓሲብኩም ኣለኹም ንበል። እንታይ ትብሉ? ኣብ'ዚ ‘visit’ ዝብል ግሲ ምጥቃም የድሊ። መልስኹም ምስ ናይ ፊል ኣወዳድርዎ።

Phil
I’d like to visit a museum on Saturday.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ከምኡ'ዶ ኢልኩም? ናይ መወዳእታ ሕቶ እምበአር፤ ሰንበት ናብ ባሕሪ ንምኻድ ተኽእሎ ከም ዘለኩም ሕሰቡ፡ ኣብ'ዚ ‘go’ ዝብል ግሲ ተጠቐሙ።

Phil
I might go to the beach on Sunday.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Did you say the same?

Phil
Well done! Now you know how to talk about future plans!

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ግርም፡ ኣብ ዝመጽእ How do I… ብሰላም የራኽበና ድሓን ቀንዩ። Bye!

Phil
Bye!

Learn more!

1. ብዛዕባ ውሱን መጻኢ ውጥን ከመይ ገይረ እዛረብ።

ብዛዕባ ክንገብሮም ዝወሰንና ውጥናት ንምዝራብ ‘be + going to’ ነዘውትር። ‘be’ ብመጠን እቲ ሰብ ከም ዚልወጥ ዘክር።

I am going to meet Sarah for a coffee.
She is going to come after work.
We are going to talk about our plans.

2. ብዛዕባ ኪኾኑ ዚኽእሉ ወይ ዘይክእሉ መጻኢ ድሌት ከመይ ጌርና ንዛረብ?

ብዛዕባ ኣብ መጻኢ ክንገብሮ እንደሊ ነገራት ‘would like to’ ብምጥቃም ንገብሮ። እቲ ዉድ ዚብል ቃል መብዛሕትኡ ግዜ ናብ ‘'d’ ይልወጥ ወይ ይኹምተር

I’d like to study Italian.
We’d like to go abroad this summer.
She’d like to meet some new people.

3. ብዛዕባ ሓደ ኣብ መጻኢ ግዜ ኪኸውን ዚኽእል ነገር ከመይ ጌርና ንገልጽ?

ንሓደ ኣብ መጻኢ ግዜ ኪኸውን ዚኽእል ነገር ንምግላጽ ‘might’ ዚብል ሓጋዚ ግሲ ክንጥቀም ንኽእል። ‘To’ ዚብል ጥረ ግሲ ግን ብድሕሪኡ ኣይነዘውትርን ከም ዝኾንና ዘክር

I might go swimming.
We might watch a film.
He might take a day off work.

4. ንናይ መጻኢ ውጥን እንታይ ሕቶ ተዘውትር?

‘Do you have any plans for…?’ ኢልና ክንሓትት ንኽእል። ድሕሪኡ ናይ ግዜ እዋን ንውስኽ።

Do you have any plans for next month?
Does he have any plans for next year?
Do we have any plans for this summer?

ከመይ ገይረ ብዛዕባ መጻኢ ውጥን እዛረብ?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ነቲ ቅኑዕ መልሲ ምረጹ።

祝贺你完成了测验!
Excellent! 太棒了! Bad luck! 加分:
x / y

Tell us if you have any plans for this week on our Facebook group!
ኣብዚ ሰሙንዚ ገለ ውጥን እንተ ኣሎካ ኣብ ፈይስቡክና ኣካፍሉና።

Join us for our next episode of How do I…, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ኣብ ዝቕጽል ክፋል How do I…, ኣገደስቲ ናይ ኢንግሊዝኛ ዝርርብን ናይ ምስማዕ ክእለትኩም እተመሐይሹሉ መደብ ሒዝናልኩም ክንቀርብ ኢና’ሞ ብሰላም የራኽበና።

本课词汇

  • modal verb
    ሓጋዚ ግሲ