课程 4

Academic Writing 4 – Written assignments

Welcome back to Academic Writing – the course with the tips and tools to get you on course for writing success. This time we're looking at perhaps the most important part of academic writing: understanding your assignments!

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练习题 1

Start writing successful assignments

Do you have to write an essay, a report, or something else? It can be tricky to know where to begin – so let's start with the basics. Try our activities on types of academic assignment, a quiz on question words, an explanation of structure and more!

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What type of assignment do you have to write?

You've been set your assignment and you've got to start writing – or have you? There are a number of different types of assignment that you might have to write. The first thing you should do is make sure you know WHAT you have to write – is it an essay, report, literature review, or something else? Read on to find out what you need to do with academic writing.

Read about four different types of written assignment and check you understand their particular characteristics. We'll test what you've learned further down this page.

Assignment type 1: Essays
The main purpose of an essay is to make an argument. As such, essays need a clear structure and good research. They’re often longer pieces of writing.

Assignment type 2: Reports
Reports are written to present research and analyse findings. They contain particular sections such as an abstract – which is a summary of the findings, and a methodology section – which details the research methods used. Reports tend to be more impersonal and objective than essays. They are more common in sciences and business courses than humanities.

Assignment type 3: Literature reviews
These are written to systematically review academic materials on a particular topic (‘the literature’). They are often used to identify gaps in what has already been written by the academic community.

Assignment type 4: Short-answer assignments
These involve writing brief answers to one or several questions, which are designed to test subject knowledge and information-processing skills. They’re often done as regular homework or exams, rather than as longer pieces of work.

To do

Match these four types of written assignments with the structures displayed in this image.

Academic Writing – Assignment structures

 

Match the assignment types

4 Questions

Match the assignments types to the example structures.

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Match the assignment types

4 Questions

Match the assignments types to the example structures.

祝贺你完成了测验!
Excellent! 太棒了! Bad luck! 加分:
x / y

Next

You've got the structure sorted – now it's time to take a look at what you have to do in different written assignments. Go to the next activity page to find out how to make sense of question words.

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