课程 10

Do you think large cities make people lonely?
In today’s episode we will be discussing how easy it is to make friends in a large city.

ዓበይቲ ከተማታት ንሰባት ጽሙዋ ከም ዝስምዖም ይገብራ'ዶ ይመስለኩም?
ኣብ ናይ ሎሚ መደብና ሰባት ኣብ ዓበይቲ ከተማታት ክሳብ ክንደይ ብቐሊሉ ዕርክነት ክምስርቱ ከም ዝኽእሉ ክንመያየጥ ኢና።

本单元得分 10

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    练习题 1

练习题 1

Lonely in London

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and expressions mean:

  • lonely
  • vibrant
  • opportunities


Which of these cities is the biggest? Is it:

     a. Lagos in Nigeria
     b. London, in the UK
     c. Delhi in India

Listen to the discussion about living in cities and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

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ሰላም፣ እንቋዕ ናብ መደብ English Together ብደሓን መጻእኩም። ኣብዚ መደብ’ዚ ብዛዕባ ዝተፈላለዩ ህልው ኵነታት ንኽንመያየጥ ዘኽእለኩም ቋንቋ ከነስንቐኩም ኢና። ኣነ  ተመስገን እየ፣ ምሳይ ዝርከቡ ድማ።

Hi, I’m Sam.

And I’m Phil.  Welcome!

ሎሚ ብዛዕባ ኣብ ከተማ ለንደን ዝነብሩ ብጽሙዋ ዝተጠቕዑ ሰባት ክንመያየጥ ኢና። ቅድሚ ብዛዕባ’ቲ ጕዳይ ምምያጥና ናይ ሎሚ ሕቶ እንሆ፣ ካብ’ዘን ከተማታት’ዚአን እታ ዝዓበየት ኣይነይተን እያ?   

ሀ) ሌጎስ ኣብ ናይጀርያ

ለ) ለንደን ኣብ ዓባይ ብሪጣንያ

ሐ) ደልሂ ኣብ ሃገረ-ህንዲ

Well, I live in London, and it’s definitely big – but I haven’t been to Delhi, or Lagos… and I’d love to, they look like really interesting places. But, I don’t know. Uhm, what do you think, Sam?

Well, I’ve been to Delhi and I think it’s great, but I don’t know which is bigger.

ጸገም ኣይኰነን - መልሱ ብቕልጡፍ ክንረኽቦ ኢና። ንሕጂ ግን ነዚ ብማዕከን ቢ.ቢ.ሲ. ዝተዘርግሐ ጸብጻብ ንስማዕ።  እቲ ጸብጻብ ህይወት ኣብ ሓደ ካብ’ዞም ዓበይቲ ከተማታት ዝገልጽ ኰይኑ፡ ብፍላይ ግን ሰባት እንታይ ዓይነት ጸገማት ከም ዘጓንፎም ከብርህ እዩ። 

News insert
More than a quarter of Londoners say they feel lonely often or all of the time, according to a survey commissioned by BBC London. Research company Populus interviewed 1,000 adults in London for the poll. And while the majority said they had someone in London who could help them in a crisis, a third said they felt they did not know their neighbours and 28% said there was little or no sense of community where they live.

Local presenter
ስለዚ እቲ ጸብጻብ ብዛዕባ ህይወት ኣብ ዓቢ ከተማ ዀይኑ፡ ብፍላይ ህይወት ኣብ ከተማ ለንዶን፡ ሰባት ብጽምዋ ክሳቐዩ ከም ዝኽእሉ ይሕብር።  ምስ ትሕዝቶ’ቲ ጸብጻብ ትሰማምዑዶ?

I live in London, and that just means I’m always busy! I think I’d prefer to live somewhere where people have time for each other.

But living in a big city means you meet so many people, it’s so vibrant.

“Vibrant” ዉዕዉዕ ማለት’ዩ። So you like the fact that lots of things are happening?

Yeah, whatever you like doing, you can do it here. The place is just full of opportunities, you know what I mean?

I know exactly what you mean – “opportunities”  ዕድላት ማለት’ዩ።  Do you manage to take advantage of the opportunities?  

Yeah, sort of, I’ve done lots of things. And I’ve met lots of people.

Yes, big cities provide lots of opportunities. So, Sam you must agree with that, right?

Uhm, let’s look at this a different way… Phil, how often exactly do you do those things? And these new people… do you see any of them a second time?

Let me see… erm… well…. You know…. I go to some kind of event at least every couple of months, and there’s a couple of people I’ve met more than once.

That’s not really ‘all the time’… is it?

Well, you see – that’s the thing, cities are vibrant and full of opportunities… but most people don’t take those opportunities – and it’s hard to get to know people well when the population is transient.


“Transient” ግዝያውያን /ሓለፍቲ ወይከኣ ነበርቲ ተቐማጦ ዘይኰኑ ማለት’ዩ ።

So, it means people are always moving in or out of a city?

Or moving around the city – groups of friends can end up being very dispersed. 

Yes, “dispersed” ተበታቲኖም ዚነብሩ ማለት’ዩ።

Yes, and that’s why people get lonely in cities like London, Lagos or Delhi. People’s friends are dispersed over a wide area.

እዚ’ምበኣር ናይ ሎሚ ሕቶና የዘክረኒ - ኣየነይተን ከተማ ትዓቢ፡ ለንደን፡ ሌጎስ ወይስ ደልሂ? ብመሰረት ካብ ሕቡራት-መንግስታት ዝተረኽበ ሓበሬታ፡ እታ ዝዓበየት ከተማ ደልሂ ክትከውን ከላ፡ ሌጎስ ካልአይቲ፡ ለንደን ከኣ ሳልሰይቲ ምዃነ’የን።

So, Delhi’s bigger than London? Imagine all the opportunities I could have there.

Well, maybe we can see if we can get you a transfer, Phil.

Phil is very excited about all the opportunities he could have! ቅድሚ ምስንባትና እቶም ሎሚ ዝዘተናሎም ቃላት ደጊምና’ስከ ንርኣዮም ። ንሳቶም ከኣ ምስ ከተማ ዝተኣሳሰሩ ቃላት’ዮም። “Vibrant” ዉዕዉዕ ማለት’ዩ፣ “opportunities”, ዕድላት ፣ “transient”, ተንቀሳቐሲ / ግዝያውያን፣ ከምኡ’ውን “dispersed”  ፋሕ ኢሉ ዝነብር ማለት’ዩ። ነዚ መደብ ብምክትታልኩም ነመስግነኩም፣ ኣብ ዚመጽእ ሰሙን ዝቐርብ ናይ English Together መደብና  የራኽበና።

Meaning & Use 

Vibrant (adjective)

Vibrant is an adjective that means that something is full of life or energy. 
Toronto is home to many vibrant immigrant communities.

Opportunity (noun)

An opportunity is the possibility to do something.
I saw an opportunity to try a new job, and I took it.

Transient (adjective)

Something described as transient only stays as it is for a short time. 
University cities often have a large transient population, it changes constantly.

Dispersed (adjective)

Something that is dispersed is distributed over a wide area.
If medical centres are dispersed across the city, people won't have to travel far to see a doctor.

Lonely in London

4 Questions

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እቲ ቅኑዕ መልሲ ምረጹ።

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Over to you!

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Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ኣብቲ ጠቓሚ ቋንቋ እትመሃርሉን ናይ ምስማዕ ክለትኩም እትለማመድሉን ዝቕጽል መደብ English Together የራኽበና።


  • vibrant
    ቀስቃሲ / ዉዕዉዕ


    ሓላፊ / ግዝያውያን


    ጽምዎ ዚስምዖ


    ብዝሒ ህዝቢ