课程 35

In today's episode we discuss the effects caused by millions of new internet users in developing economies.
Kutaa har’aa keessatti fayyaddamtooota intarneetii haaraa miliyoonotaan lakkaa'aman dinagdee guddachaa jirurratti jijiraama maalii akka fidan mari'anna.

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    练习题 1

练习题 1

Good morning India!

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and phrases mean:

  • millennial
  • tech-savvy
  • a daily basis
  • clog up

Quiz

According to Morgan Stanley research and official figures from the United Nations, approximately what percentage of India's population is millennial (between the ages of 18 and 34) in 2018?

a) 11%
b) 22%
c) 33%

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

显示文字稿 收起文字稿

Caalii

Yooyyaa! Gara English Together kan mata duree tibbanaa irratti mari'annuufi qooqa ittiin dubbachuuf si barbaachisu siif qoodnutti baga nagaan dhufte. Ani Caaliidha. Akkasumas Toomiifi Saam nagaa si gaafatu.

Tom
Hi everyone, I'm Tom. Welcome to today's episode of English Together!

Sam
Hi and I'm Sam! Welcome!

Caalii
Oh Tom! I like your new phone!

Tom
Well, you know how much we millennials love our phones!

Caalii
'Millennials'? Jecha kana dhagaheera! Dargaggoota waa'ee teeknooloojii beekan jechuudha, siriidha mitii?

Sam
Kind of. It's used quite widely. Typically, in the UK, a millennial is a young adult below the age of 34.

Caalii
Gaariidha, egaa kun qajeeltootti gara gaafii har'aatti nu geessa.

Akka qorannoo Morgan Stanlii fi angaawwoonni Mootummoota Gamtoomanii eeranitti, bara 2018tti ummata Hindii keessaa tilmaamaan dargaggoota  umurii 18-34 jiran dhibbanta meeqatu waa'ee teeknooloojii beekuu?

a)    %11

b)    %22    

c)    %33

Sam
Are millennials in your country tech-savvy, like they are here in the UK?

Caalii
Definitely! 'Tech-savvy' jechuun komputeera ykn teknooloojiirratti hubannoo ga'aa kan qaban jechuudha.

Tom  
Yeah, I actually heard that the amount of people embracing the internet in India is causing a few problems. Let's listen to today’s news story from BBC Radio 4's Sunday Programme. What's the main problem that the speakers describe?

Presenter
Surely 'good morning' should not cause the internet to crash?

Rahul
When you can have up to 200 million Indians who wake up every morning at around 8 o'clock Indian time and they feel that they need to tell everybody that they know the word 'good morning', they want to use applications like WhatsApp and just send those messages out there! So that is what's beginning to slow the internet down here, it's clogging up phones and the real fear is, I think, that as we have more and more Indians that is, actually, that could slow it down globally as well.

Sam
So, the main problem is that too many people are using the internet on a daily basis. It's clogging up their phones and slowing down the internet!

Caalii
It's true! 'Clog up' jechuun dhiphisuu ykn hudhuu. 'Slow down' jechuun harkisu – safisni internetii akka harkifatu gochuu. 


Sam
You could say that they're really switched on!

Caalii
Yes! 'Switched-on' jechuun ‘ibsu’ yookaan akka hojjetuuf 'banu' jechuudha. Meeshaan elektirikaa akka tajaajila barbaadaannu sana kennuuf 'switch on' goona.


Tom
It must be annoying though, when the whole internet is slowed down by this big influx of new users.

Caalii
Yes! 'Influx' jechuun hedduminaan itti galuu ykn seenuu. 

Sam
So, you have a huge number of users, but the infrastructure can't cope!

Caalii
Yes, there are huge amounts of people who use and work with technology. So many, in fact, that many companies aren't able to keep up with current needs!

Tom
And speaking of large numbers of people, it's time to give you the answer to today's quiz.

Caalii
That's right! ummata Hindii tilmaamaan dargaggoota umurii 18-34 jiran keessaa  dhibbanta meeqatu waa’ee teeknooloojii beekuu? kan jedhu si gaafanne turre, deebiinsaa c) %33 dha.   

Tom
Wow! That's a huge number of young people who are going to be growing up with technology!

Sam

Yes, imagine how much technology will pervade India soon.

Caalii
'To pervade' jechuun babal’achuu.  But it's not just technology that's pervasive here, it's the new opportunities that technology brings, like online shopping, ride sharing apps…

Sam
Hmm… yes. Technology does seem to have a pervasive influence on all of us. It's hard to escape from technology and modern ideas.

Tom
Ah Sam, I think you got a message!

Sam
It says 'good morning'. Hey! Who sent that!

Tom
I don't know. Who could it be?

Sam
Oh, Tom…

Caalii
Hahaha! Dhaamsi Toom interneetiin akka harkifatu 'slow down' ykn akka bilbila Saam dhiphatu 'clog up' hingodhu jenne abdanna! Atihoo maal yaadda? Ati wantaawwan haaraa fi  hamayyaa nama fayyadamuu jaalatuu 'switched-on person? Dha; Interneetii guyyuun on 'daily basis' ni fayyadamtaa? Nama jireenyakee keessatti tekinoolojii babal’inaan fayyadamuudha?  Jechoonni biroo barannee turree 'millennial' namoota umuriin dargaggoofi waa’ee teeknooloojii beekan, 'influx'  hedduminaan itti galuu ykn seenuu, akkasumas 'tech-savvy' namoota kompitara ykn teknooloojiirratti hubannoo ga’aa qaban jechuudha.

Turtii waliin qabaanneef galatoomi; barnoota dabalataa English Together n torban ittaanu walitti deebina. Nagaatti!

Meaning & Use

slow (something) down (phrasal verb)

This phrasal verb means 'to become slower' or 'to make someone or something become slower'.

  • Too many people in India are sending messages online – it's slowing down the internet!
  • I've just got too much to do at the moment – appointments, travelling. I really need to slow down.
  • Antibiotics will slow down the inflammation and help you feel better.

clog (verb)

The verb clog means 'to become blocked or full up’. As a result, it makes movement difficult. It can be used for physical blockages, like something blocking water pipes or traffic blocking the road.

  • It took ages to get here because the roads were clogged with traffic.
  • If you eat too much fatty food, it might clog your arteries.

switched on (adjective)

If you're somebody who is switched on, you are aware of up-to-date trends and ideas. When it comes before a noun we use a hyphen.

  • You always know about the latest technology – you're so switched on!
  • It seems there are more and more switched-on millennials.


A related phrasal verb is switch on. We use this most often with mechanical or technical objects. It means 'make something start working'. The opposite is switch off, which means 'make something stop working'.

  • Switch on the lights! I can't see a thing!
  • Please switch off your mobile phone before the performance.

pervade (verb)

When something pervades a place or thing, it spreads throughout it and is present in every part.

  • Imagine how much technology will pervade India soon.
  • Hope and humour are themes that pervade his poetry.
  • A horrid smell pervaded the air. The food must have gone off!

The related adjective is pervasive.

  • Technology does seem to have a pervasive influence on all of us.

 

Check what you’ve learned by choosing the correct answer to the question.

Gaafichaaf deebii sirrii ta’e filuudhaan waan hanga ammaatti baratte mirkaneeffadhu.

Good morning India!

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
Deebii sirrii ta’e fili.

祝贺你完成了测验!
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Over to you!

Do you think technology is having a big impact in your country? Does the internet pervade your life? Do you get annoyed when the internet gets clogged up? Tell us in our Facebook group!

Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
‘Engilish Together’ kan qooqa barbaachisoo keessatti barattuufi dandeettii waa caqasuukee ittiin shaakaltutti, sagantaa keenya ittaanuun walitti haadeebinu

本课词汇

  • millennial 
    Dargaggoota  (umrii 18 hanga34) waa’ee teeknooloojii beekan 

    tech-savvy
    namoota teknooloojiirratti hubannoo ga’aa qabani

    a daily basis 
    guyyaa guyyaadhaan

    clog up
    danquu

    slow down 
    gad-hir’isuu

    switch on 
    qabsiisuu

    switched-on 
    yaada haaraa simachuu

    influx
    hedduminaan itti galuu ykn seenuu

    pervade
    babal’achuu