课程 27

Hypnotism – madness or medicine?
Hipnootisiim – maraattummaa moo qorichaa?

In today’s episode we will be discussing the possible advantages and disadvantages of hypnotism.

(Hipnootisiim – jechuun malla qalbii sammuu namaa sillimii keessa galchuun waan dur durii keessa darban akka yaadataniifi fi waan gaafataman himan ittiin godhamuudha).

Kutaa har’aa keessatti, bu’aafi miidhaa hipnotiism qabu mari’anna.

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    练习题 1

练习题 1

Hypnotism - madness or medicine?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and phrases mean:

  • phobia
  • hypnotism
  • clowns

Quiz

When was hypnotism first used by a European doctor?

a) in the 1700s
b) in the 1800s
c) in the 1900s

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

显示文字稿 收起文字稿


Caalii
Yooyyaa! Gara English Together kan mata duree tibbanaa irratti mari'annuufi qooqa ittiin dubbachuuf si barbaachisu siif qoodnutti baga nagaan dhufte. Ani Caaliidha. Akkasumas Toomifi Shaan nagaa si gaafatu.

Tom
Hi everyone, I'm Tom. Welcome to today's episode of English Together.

Sian 
And I'm Sian. Hi everyone!

Tom
Uhm, what's that on your T-shirt, Sian?

Sian
Huh? Oh, this? It's a clown.

Tom
Why would you wear a T-shirt of a clown? I don't understand.

Sian
Are you ok, Tom?

Tom
Uhm. This is a little embarrassing… I actually have a fear of clowns.

Caalii
'Clowns' namoota komedii hojjetaniidha.  Actually, Tom, in today's episode we are talking about something that might help you with your fear – 'hypnotism' hipnootisiim malla qalbii sammuu namaa sillimii keessa galchuun waan dur durii keessa darban akka yaadataniifi fi waan gaafataman himan itti godhamuudha. Awurooppaa keessatti yeroo jalqabaaf 'hipnotisim' fayyaa keessatti sirnaan kan itti fayyadamamuun jalqabame yoom ture sitti fakkaata?: 

  1. Baroota1700 keessa
  2. Baroota1800 keessa
  3. Baroota1900 keessa

Sian
Interesting. I always thought that hypnotism was a new thing! Almost a trend or a fashion.

Tom
Me, too. But it sounds like we were wrong!

Caalii
We'll give you the answer later in the programme. Ammammoo dokumentaarii  BBC World Service waa'ee haypnootiisiim gabaase hanga dhumaatti eega caqasnee booda haa mari'annu.

Insert
Why would anyone allow a complete stranger to access their mind? When carried out in a safe environment with an experienced practitioner, hypnotism has some clear benefits: entertainment, pain relief, kicking habits and addressing phobias. But there are also significant risks to be aware of. My conclusion? Approach with caution.

Tom
Oh, now I see why you were saying that hypnotism might help me with my fear of clowns. They talked about it helping people to address their phobias.

Caalii
Yes, exactly! 'To address' jechuun fala kennuu 'phobias' jechuun sodaadha.   'problems' fi 'issues' illee 'address' gochuu dandeessa, akkasumas 'phobias' heddu ta'an qabaachuu dan  deessa; kan akka sodaa sarariitii, sodaa bofaa ykn sodaa bakkewwan olfagoo.

Sian
Which are pretty common phobias! Not like a phobia of clowns, Tom… Would you consider hypnotism to help address your phobia?

Tom
Absolutely not! I don't like the idea of a stranger in my mind. It's just too scary!

Sian
I'm surprised, Tom. You're usually open to new things.

Tom
Wait! Were we listening to the same clip? Didn't you hear them talking about the significant risks?

Caalii
'Significant risks' balaawwan hubataman. 'Serious risks' balaawwan ciccimoo jechuu dandeessa, ykn ammo salphaadhumatti wanti tokko 'risky' bala-qabeessa jechuu dandeessa.

Tom
You're just proving my point!

Sian
But you're only focusing on the risks. There are also clear, tangible benefits.

Caalii
'Tangible' jechuun qabatamaatti jechuudha, akkasumas 'benefits' faayidaalee  jechuudha, faallaa 'risks'. Are you speaking from experience, Sian?

Sian
Not from personal experience, no, but I have a friend who did hypnotism to help him quit smoking. And it worked! That's an example of a tangible benefit.

Tom
Well, I have heard that it can help people to kick habits but I'm still not convinced, I'm not sure.

Caalii
'To kick a habit' jechuun amala adabuudha. Do you think hypnotism could help me kick the habit of my phobia of snakes?

Sian
You'll only know if you try!

Caalii
I'd love it if I could stop My phobia of snakes! I've been trying to quit for ages. Waa'ee umrii otuma dubbannuu, gaafii armaan dura si gaafanneef deebi siif laanna. Yaadadhu, gaafiichi:  doktorriin yoom sirnaan hipnoosis yaala fayyaaf fayyadamu jalqabee? kan jedhu ture.

  1. Baroota1700 keessa
  2. Baroota1800 keessa
  3. Baroota1900 keessa

Deebiinsaa: a. Baroota 1700 keessa

Sian
See, Tom? Hypnotism has been around for years! So it must work!

Tom
There's still absolutely no way!

Caalii
Barnoota torban kanaa xumurree nagaa otoo sitti hindhaamiin dura, jechoota har'a barachaa turre haa'ilaallu:  'to address a phobia',  'to kick a habit', 'to have clear or tangible benefits', 'to have significant or serious risks' and 'to be risky'. Turtii waliin qabaanneef galatoomi; barnoota dabalataa "English Together"n torban ittaanu walitti deebina. Nagaatti. 

Meaning & Use

to address a phobia (verb)

If you address a problem, you look for a solution. So addressing a phobia means 'looking for a solution for that phobia'. 
addressed my phobia of spiders by buying one as a pet.
He hired a therapist to help him address his phobia of crowded places!

to kick a habit (verb)

Kicking a habit means to stop something negative. A habit is a specific behaviour that becomes repeated and is difficult to stop.

She asked her doctor to help her kick her smoking habit.
He was determined to make his children kick their TV habit.

clear or tangible benefits (adjective phrases)

Clear benefits are positive consequences that can be easily seen. Tangible benefits are positive consequences that can be easily felt.
The tangible benefit of starting to exercise was the weight that he lost.
The clear benefit of saving more money at the end of every month was the holiday they could afford at the end of the year.

significant or serious risks (adjective phrases)

Significant or serious risks are things which are particularly dangerous.
If you do not drive carefully, there is a serious risk of an accident.
There is a significant risk of getting lost if you go to the desert alone.

Hypnotism – madness or medicine?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
Deebii sirrii ta’e fili

祝贺你完成了测验!
Excellent! 太棒了! Bad luck! 加分:
x / y

Over to you!

Would you allow someone to hypnotise you? Do you think that there could be tangible benefits? Or do you think the risks are too significant? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Turtii waliin qabaanneef galatoomi, barnoota dabalataa English Together torban ittaanu walitti deebina.

本课词汇

  • to address a phobia
    sodaaf fala kennu/barbaadu

    to kick a habit
    amala adabuu/akka hafuu gochuu

    to have clear or tangible benefits
    bu’aawwan qabatamoo ta’an qabaachuu

    to have significant or serious risks
    balaawwan hubataman ykn balaawwan ciccimoo ta’an qabaachuu

    hypnotism
    hipnootisiim- jechuun malla qalbii sammuu namaa sillimii keessa galchuun waan dur durii keessa darban akka yaadataniifi fi waan gaafataman himan ittiin godhamuudha.

    a clown
    namoota komedii hojjetaniidha :– bifa nama sodachiisuu fi naansisuun haalluu adda addaan fuulla ofii jijiiraniifi huccuu adda ta’e uffatanii namoota komedii hojjechuuf dhihaataniidha.

    to approach with caution
    ofeeggannoon ittidhihaachuu