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课程 6

In today’s episode we will be discussing why people choose to do dangerous activities.

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Adrenaline junkies

In today’s episode we will be discussing why people choose to do dangerous activities.
लोक थरारक गोष्टी का करतात याबद्दल आजच्या भागात चर्चा करणार आहोत.

Quiz
Approximately what percentage of skateboard injuries result in fracture?
- 10%
- 20%
- 30%
Listen to discover the answer!  

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

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Tejali
नमस्कार मित्रांनो,Hello and welcome to English Together. असा शो, जिथे आपण शिकतो निरनिराळे विषय आणि त्या संबंधित शब्दांबद्दल. मी तेजाली आणि आज माझ्या बरोबर आहे...

Sam
Hello everyone! I’m Sam, but I’m not sure where Tom is…

.

.

Oh, this could be him now.

Tom
Hi everyone! Sorry I’m late, again!

Tejali
Hi Tom! Oh wow, you’ve brought your skateboard, with you!

Sam
You know you shouldn’t bring your skateboard in here! It’s dangerous!

Tejali
Very dangerous! स्केटबोर्डमुळे किती अपघात होतात माहितीये?  यामुळे हाडंही मोडू शकतात. British Journal of Sports Medicine ने याबद्दल एक पाहणी केली आहे. आजचा प्रश्न त्याबद्दलच आहे. स्केटबोर्डमुळे अपघात होऊन हाड मोडण्याचं प्रमाण किती टक्के आहे? जवळ जवळ 10%, जवळ जवळ  20% की जवळ जवळ  30% ?  

Tom
Yeah, I know, sorry. I get a bit bored sat around the office all day and I wanted to inject some adrenaline into the place!

Sam
Oh no, not this adrenaline junkie stuff again…
 
Tejali
Hmm… I’m not sure what you mean by ‘adrenaline junkie’. अॅड्रेनलीन एक संप्रेरक आहे, but what about ‘junkie’?

Sam
Well, ‘junk’ means ‘rubbish’, or something bad. If someone is a ‘junkie’, it means they are addicted to something which is bad for them.

Tejali
Oh, OK! Addicted म्हणजे व्यसन लागलेला, आहारी गेलेला. So, an ‘adrenaline junkie’ is someone who has an addiction to adrenaline.

Sam
Sort of, we would use it more generally to describe someone who likes excitement and risky things. And, to the listeners, adrenaline junkie is a compound noun – a noun pair in which the first noun acts an adjective to inform the second.

Tejali
आता अॅड्रेनलीन आणि ‘risky’ या दोन्ही गोष्टींबद्दल बोलतोय तर आपण BBC Radio 4 च्या All in the Mind मधली क्लीप ऐकू. जो केबल पेन्साल्व्हानिया युनिव्हर्सिटीत मानसशास्त्राचे प्राध्यापक आहेत. क्लोदिया हम्मोंड त्यांच्याशी मेंदू आणि धोके यांच्या परस्पर संबंधाबद्दल संवाद साधत आहेत.  

Claudia
So in your study you put people into a brain scanner and then you gave them certain exercises to do where they could, in effect, I mean, sort of gamble on whether they could win real money. Does this mean you could predict how likely they are to be a risk-taker?

Jo
Yeah, you can take these brain measures and, combined, do a pretty good job of predicting who is going to be a risk taker and who is going to be risk-averse.

Claudia
And when you did that and then looked to see what was going on in the brain and in the structure of the brain what did you find for the people who took the most risks?

Jo
We saw more grey matter, a larger structure, in an area of the brain called the amygdala that has long been linked to the emotion of fear.

Tom

 So! People can be risk-averse or they can be risk takers!

Sam
And it seems we can predict this with science! How about you, are you a risk-taker or are you risk-averse?

Tejali
'Risk-averse' म्हणजे धोका टाळणारे, पण काही risk takers असतात, ‘risk takers’ म्हणजे जोखीम पत्करणारे असतात. What about you, Tom?

Tom
I’m definitely a risk taker! I love my skateboard and adventure sports, too! In fact, I might even say I was a thrill seeker, as I seek out thrills.

Tejali
‘To seek’ म्हणजे शोधणे, याचाच वापर करून आपण ‘seek out’ हा क्रियावाचक शब्दप्रयोगही करू शकतो How about you, Sam, are you a risk taker?

Sam
Well, I’m no thrill seeker, but I don’t mind risk. I just prefer calculated risk.

Tejali
A thrill म्हणजे थरार. जी गोष्ट आपल्याला thrillदेते ती thrillingअसते. आपण असाही म्हणून शकतो की, the activity ‘thrills’ us. What do you mean by ‘calculated risk’?

Sam
Well, if I calculate a risk, it means I can imagine the degree of risk or danger involved. This helps me to decide if I want to do it.

Tom
Huh? What?

Sam
Like when I did my Master’s degree. Considering the price of the course and the benefits it would offer allowed me to calculate whether the risk of spending my time and money was worth it.

Tejali
‘Something worth it‘ म्हणजे केलेल्या कष्टाचं चीज होणं. Worth’म्हणजे मूल्य. So, was your course worth it?

Sam
I’d say it was definitely worth it! That’s why I’m here now!  

Tejali
आणि आजच्या प्रश्नाचं उत्तर, आजच्या प्रश्नाचं उत्तर आहे 29%.स्केटबोर्ड मुळे होणाऱ्या अपघातात हाड मोडण्याची शक्यता २९% असते. So, is skateboarding worth it?

Sam
Really?! Skateboarding is definitely not worth it! You could break your arm!

Tom
I bet you wouldn’t say that if you tried it, Sam! Think about the adrenaline!

Sam
Ha! Spoken like a true adrenalin junkie.
 
Tejali
बरोब्बर ! तुम्हाला काय वाटतं याबद्दल? तुम्ही risk taker’ म्हणजेजोखीम पत्करणारे आहात का? आणि adrenaline junkie’? की तुम्ही जोखीम टाळता? Here’s some other key vocabulary we learned today; skateboard, ‘addicted’ म्हणजे व्यसनी, ‘seek out’ म्हणजेशोधणे आणि thrill seeker’म्हणजे थरार शोधणारे. आजच्या भागाबद्दल तुम्हाला काय वाटलं आमच्या फेसबुक ग्रुपवर आम्हाला नक्की सांगा सांगा.  It’s definitely worth it! पुन्हा भेटूया English Togetherच्या  पुढच्या भागात, Bye!

Language

Compound nouns
A compound noun is formed from a pair of nouns. The first noun describes the second in the same way as an adjective.  


Traffic lights is a compound noun, as the word traffic describes the second noun, lights. Other compound nouns include soup tin, car park and coffee cup.

We often stress the first word when pronouncing compound nouns.

Compound adjectives
When two adjectives are used together to define a noun we can say that they are compound adjectives.  We usually hyphenate compound adjectives.

Examples:
You should be open-minded when meeting new people.

My partner is very well-known in the local community.

Seek
‘To seek’ is a verb which means ‘to look for’.
I am seeking a partner to practise speaking Spanish with.

 We can add the particle ‘out’ to make a phrasal verb, which suggests a more active process.

Someone who seeks out political asylum is an asylum seeker.
People who travel a lot are often adventure seekers.

Adrenaline junkies

4 Questions

Choose the correct words.
योग्य शब्द निवडा.

祝贺你完成了测验!
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Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
English Together चे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयावर बोलणार आहोत.

本课词汇

  • skateboard
    स्केटबोर्ड

    adrenaline
    अड्रेनलीन

    adrenaline junkie
    अड्रेनलीनचं वेड लागलेले 

    addicted
    आधिन, व्यसनी

    risk
    धोका

    risk averse
    धोका  टाळणारे

    thrill seeker
    रोमांच शोधणारे

    seek out
    शोधणे

    (to be) worth it
    कष्टाचं चीज होणे.